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Mon May 04, 2015 at 02:45 AM PDT

To My Daughter, On Her Thirtieth

by boatsie

The truth is always at the end of a shadow, a silhouette silent behind a door half open. It waits in precious patience.

You must forever be looking for the light, because the miracles are in the details. Barely discernible but so real.  
Never stop searching for the mysteries reflected in the background. Truth is only revealed to those who are true to themselves. The answer is never where your glance initially lands; nothing is as it first appears.
Beauty recognizes no fences. Be fierce in protecting it, but mindful that it is immutable only in the realm of forms.
Soar. sweet one. Soar. Even if in doing so, you soar solo. Trust in your wings to transform you. Know that the light is often buried within the darkness.
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Sat Apr 11, 2015 at 07:15 PM PDT

The Moment of Silence: A Trilogy

by boatsie

Reposted from UN Climate Summit by boatsie
first, let me say
there are no words.
and, with that understanding,
journey with me
to the Moment of Silence.
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Sat Apr 11, 2015 at 07:15 PM PDT

Lima Call for Climate Action Adopted

by boatsie

Reposted from Climate Action Hub by boatsie
#ClimateJustice groups denounce Lima Call for Climate Action as unacceptable, failing the people and the planet.
After two days of discussion and deliberation,The Lima Call for Climate Action has been adopted.

The document produced by the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action includes loss and damage, introduces new terms to address differentiation and adaptation, and suggests that INDCs (Intended Nationally Determined Contributions) be voluntary with no review process.

"With all that the high drama of an 11th hour text involves, developed and developing countries will no doubt wave through this weak and ineffectual text hoping to save face at this COP and convince themselves that they can improve things next year," says Friends of the Earth EWNI's International Climate Campaigner Asad Rehman. "It would be far more honest if they simply rejected this text and reconvened an emergency meeting that matches the urgency of the crisis. The planet and the poorest people in the world require more than an empty political statements that contains lots of the right sounding words but very little in actual concrete commitments. That should be the only judge of if this is a successful outcome."

The two week COP20 was tasked with creating the framework for the 2015 Paris Agreement, a "protocol" intended to serve as a "legal instrument" applicable to all Parties.

Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs), which are due by the end of March 2015, were the centerpiece of the contentious nature of the negotiations; with developing countries insisting INDCs include adequate adaptation financing and developed countries striving to lessen their commitment to carbon cuts and insure G77 (least developed and developing countries) contribute what they consider to be a 'fairshare' towards decreasing the carbon budget.

"The concrete demand was to set out how we would increase emission reductions from now until 2020, and set long term climate targets to make sure we limit temperature increase to below 1.5°C," says Lidy Nacpil of Jubilee South Asia Pacific.

"What has happened in Lima is that the world has said it wants to bury its head in the sand and not look at the weak and unjust 2020 climate targets again. Make no mistake, not revisiting our 2020 targets is to set us on track for 4C of warming and risk many more storms like that which hit our homes in the Philippines this week. Lima has failed the people of the world, Paris must not ignore the urgency of crisis or its agreement will not be worth the paper it is written on."

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Sat Apr 11, 2015 at 07:15 PM PDT

Updated: Lima Talks Verge on Collapse

by boatsie

Reposted from Climate Action Hub by boatsie
'When I go home what will I tell my children?"Pakistani delegate

The latest news filtering out of Lima suggests a potential failure of the negotiations as China accuses the US of supporting a document which places too heavy a burden on poorest nations to limit greenhouse-gas emissions.

"We need a Lima consensus, but given the current station we have deadlock," said Deputy Foreign Minister Liu Zhenmin.

As to be expected, the United States this morning urged acceptance of the "compromise text," as U.S. Climate Change Envoy Todd Stern noted the time had run out for inaction and that a Lima failure would constitute a "major breakdown" in the viability of the UN system in effectively addressing global warming.

"We have no time for lengthy new negotiations, and I think we all know that," he said. "The hour glass is running down." (source: UN climate talks risk collapse as China clashes with U.S.)

The failure of the UNFCCC to successfully broker a deal in Lima has some delegates and seasoned observers suggesting their mismanagement might at long last render the body obsolete in its twenty year quest to equitably address the climate crisis.

One regular UNFCCC reporter noted COP20 is closer to failing than any other COP in the ten years she has been following the process.  

The meeting has now been adjourned until tonight, when COP20 President Manual Pulgar-Vidal will meet with delegates to present a revised text.

The talks focus on the ADP (the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action), designed at COP17 with the specific objective of constructing the framework for the 2015 Paris Agreement. The 2015 "protocol" is intended to serve as a "legal instrument" applicable to all Parties.

The impending crisis in Lima turned serious as talks resumed at 3AM this morning.   Negotiators from the Arab Group sided with Least Developed Countries (LDCs), Africa Group, and Like-Minded Developing Countries (LMDC) in rejecting the negotiating text in their quest for equity in the UN Climate Talks.

Speaking on the many flaws of this morning's text,  Harjeet Singh of Global lead for Resilience and Climate, ActionAid International echoed the sentiments of the world's most vulnerable countries

"This text delivers basically nothing for the poor and vulnerable in developing countries," she said. "Rich countries are still failing to meet their obligations, even if they are making baby steps in the right direction,"  "More exciting than the negotiations were the sheer number of impacted peoples marching in the streets in Lima and staging actions at the talks – the people who have the most to gain or lose from these talks. How long will governments continue to ignore people's demands?”

(View the latest negotiating document  here.)
Some Snippets

Arab Group: The text does not respect the principles of the Convention. No sufficient focus on adaptation, and finance.

Malaysia: "You must recognise there is a world that is very different to yours. A poor world. A disenenfranchsied world."

African states: Obligations in post 2020 must also consider issues that go beyond mitigation:technology, adaptation, finance.

Saudi Arabia - "This text does not capture the snap shot we have. It is a divided house, and we can't just ignore one side."

Oxfam Indonesia: With no sign of ending, UN #climate talks are like a choose your own adventure novel.

At this morning's earlier 3AM ad-hoc meeting, Peru's COP President said while the new text is perhaps "not perfect," it reflects "common ground," while ADP chairs suggested it would incite a "moment of unhappiness for everyone in the room."  

"No COP is an island," said the delegate from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). "We need tonight to succeed for Paris to succeed."

The new text "includes a set of basic but vital requirements on information for INCDs (Intended Nationally Determined Contribution)" observers report.  Loss and Damage, a major issue for those countries already experiencing the impacts of climate change, is not included in the current document.

"Climate Change may be the biggest threat in human history," said Guatamala's negotiator. "We need to go beyond our own egos and national interests."

The surreal frustration evidenced in Lima early this morning was perhaps best expressed  by Agent350 Jamie Henn who, before catching a few hours sleep, wondered: "If I put a copy of the text under my pillow will the #COP20 fairy turn it into a fair, ambitious and binding treaty? "

"Intended Nationally Determined Contributions" (INDCs), which are due by the end of March 2015 , are at the core of the contentious nature of the negotiations: the developing countries insist INDCs include adequate adaptation financing while developed countries strive to lessen their commitment to carbon cuts and insure G77 (least developed and developing countries) contribute what they consider to be a 'fairshare' towards decreasing the carbon budget.

Here's what at stake at #COP20: Those who had least to do with causing climate change and those who are most at risk of being asked to pay for it:

(from @AdilNajam, Dean Pardee School of Global Studies, Boston University)

The Adopt A Negotiator scoreboard which presents all parties interventions, indicates where governments stand on the various text options, based on their interventions today. (But many of those interventions were just a restating of old positions. (from tck live coverage)

Follow the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP) talks on Implementation of all the elements of decision 1/CP.17 [Agenda item 3] live this evening.

Other top sources for ongoing coverage:

intagist's UN Climate Conference News,
tcktcktck live blog
Guardian Environment.

Earlier this morning, Agent350 Jamie Henn pondered  on the metaphoric image of firefighters departing the conference and the removal of beanbag chairs from the outdoor pavilion (while the Pisco bar remained open) as Inside Climate News suggested the talks may continue well into Saturday as negotiators haggle over the new text released early this morning and like minded countries' suggest  that no Lima deal is better than a bad deal.

Part I of coverage of the final days of the Lima Climate Talks Lima Laps Continue as Activists Stage Die-ins contains updates from the early evening into the early hours of the morning. It also provides more details on the background of the key 'sticking points' which continue to block progress in the UNFCCC bid to create a binding agreement on climate change by the 2015 COP21 in Paris.

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Sat Apr 11, 2015 at 07:15 PM PDT

Lima: Climate FairShares Tool Debuts

by boatsie

Reposted from Climate Action Hub by boatsie
Science tells us there is a limit to how much pollution we can emit from
activities, like burning fossil fuels and clearing forests, before we breach
limits of the climate system ... The limit is know as the budget is know as an "Emissions Budget' and it is very small ...  less than 3000 GTCO From Climate FairShares infographic
Civil society groups yesterday launched a new online-tool providing the stark details of just how limited the space in the world's Carbon Budget remains and detailing what amount of space each country is allocated under UN Terms relative to "pollution targets and finance transfers" in the battle to combat climate change.

The infographic is designed from a metric which includes not only each nation's historic use of of carbon space but also that nation's current day economic status and statistics relative to inequality in terms of climate justice.

In an October 21 article for the Climate Hub The road to Paris, the Climate Equity Reference Calculator, and you, Tom Athanasiou, Executive Director of EcoEquity said, "The real problem is that the remaining carbon budgets are so small, and the time so short, and the fossil-cartel so powerful, and the need for low-carbon investment so pressing, that market/technology dynamics will not alone drive the necessary progress, at anything like the necessary speed. Any sufficiently rapid climate transition will of course seek to leverage these dynamics, but it will also demand the concerted and coordinated efforts of a large number of countries, and these countries must somehow agree to focus their financial and technological resources on investment programs that are designed to further the common goal of extremely rapid emissions reductions.

"This is a very tall order, but it can be met. But only if each nation sees the others to be doing their fair share in the common effort to rise to the climate challenge."

Athanasiou, along with the Stockholm Environment Institute, was one of the creators of the Climate Fairshares methodology  which based its conclusions on input from  the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fifth Assessment, Working Group 1 on science and the studies of Richard Heede of Carbon Majors).

Climate FairShares works from the reality that  "the climate crisis will require an emergency mobilization on an unprecedented scale" while taking into account the need for solutions "that focus on the needs of people, are fair, and reject false solutions that serve only the few."(From the Climate FairShares Project)

At yesterday's launch of the fairshares tool, Lidy Nacpil, of Jubilee South APMDD, referenced the devastation of the second typhoon to hit the Philippines in two years. "We will tell the truth about climate impacts on vulnerable and marginalised people and the truth about the scale of action required to confront the climate crisis,"  she said.

Do the Math

Asad Rehman, Head of International Climate at Friends of the Earth noted that as COP20 commenced "we called on governments to do the maths on climate change. This is that maths. It's tough to face up to these numbers but it will be much much harder to face the  4 or 5 degrees of warming that current proposals risks."

A statement  signed by 200 organizations from the developing world demands that the developing countries meet their responsibilities and make drastic and immediate cuts to their emissions as well as contributing finance and technology to to the South to meet their "climate debt."

Additionally, developing countries are required to meet their "farishare" by adopting new sustainable methods of development.

The tool provides governments currently negotiating in Lima with specifics on the cuts to pollution and their financial commitments to prevent global warming from moving beyond 1.5 degrees C.

¨The latest IPCC science reports have made even clearer how little additional climate pollution the earth can tolerate before we’re risking irreversible catastrophic climate change," said Doctor Sivan Kartha, Senior Scientist at the Stockholm Environment Institute.

"Based on those limits on climate pollution for the whole world, it becomes strikingly just how quickly emissions need to come down, across the world. It may be hard to do, but it’s dramatically easier than surviving 2,3,4 degrees of warming.

"The site shows not just what the whole world has to do, but it also helps people answer the fundamental question of the UN climate talks, what should each country do."

Some results of the site show the following countries must:

The United States

    Cut domestic emissions by 65% on 1990 levels in 2025;
    Provide USD 635 billion in finance for mitigation action internationally.

The United Kingdom

    Cut domestic emissions by 75% on 1990 levels in 2025;
    Provide USD 49 billion in finance for mitigation action internationally.


    Limit emissions to just 36% above current levels in 2025 domestically;
    Secure international transfers worth USD 6 billion to reduce emissions by 36% on today's levels.


    Limit emissions to just 34% above current levels in 2025 domestically;
    Secure international transfers worth USD 4 billion to bring emissions to 31% below today's levels.


    Limit emissions to 37% above current levels in 2025 domestically;
    Secure international transfers worth USD 498 billion to bring emissions to 27% below current levels.

"In Lima, governments must adopt  a strict emissions budget and then agree to cuts based on science and equity. The idea everyone doing what ever they like will address the climate crisis is fanciful. The European Union and the U.S. have to stop the pretense that their inadequate targets will protect either their citizens or others in the world from threats to our food supplies and our lives and livelihoods. Ignoring the truth is simply a recipe for disaster," Mr Rehman said.

Negotiations continue in Lima, with proposals relating to the equitable sharing of the emissions budget remaining on the table.

(Jubilee South Asia Pacific assembled much of the material provided in this post.)

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Reposted from Climate Action Hub by boatsie

Earlier this morning, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released its 5th Synthesis  Report, calling for immediate action and large investments to shift from a fossil fuel driven world economy to one sustained by renewable energies.

The report finds that global warming is unequivocal, that ensuing changes in climate are unprecedented and that fossil fuels must be phased out by 2100.

To ensure the global temperature does not rise about 2 degrees, scientists suggest a shift in the global economy, calling for a $147 billion annual investment in low carbon renewable energies and a concurrent annual decrease of $30 billion in fossil fuel generation .

Energy efficiency, they note, also mandates directing $336 billion annually to improving energy efficiency of existing buildings and factories and transportation infrastructure.

The first part of the report provides a comprehensive overview of what is occurring: emissions are increasing, it's getting warmer, sea levels are rising, and rainfall patterns are changing. In the second part of the report, the IPCC focuses on climate change impacts, determining that we are already experiencing flooding, a disruption in the distributiion of food supplies and species migrations and extinctions.

Seven years in the making - and including 31,000 pieces of research - the IPCC report finds there is a 66 percent chance to maintain global warming below 2 degrees by 2100 if atmospheric CO2 concentrations remain between between 430 and 480 parts per million (ppm).

The IPCC renders numerous charts to illustrate its conclusions.

Climate Change and Health:
Climate change will exacerbate existing health issues until 2050, disproportionately impacting the world's poor. As temperatures increase, so also will the number of individuals who will be seriously injured or die from heat waves and fires. Waterborne diseases will increased dramatically.

Food Security

Food security will be increasingly threatened as changes in crop yields impact food production. The above graph depicts the regions where these impacts will be most dire unless adaption and mitigation efforts are significantly increased.

Some of the key Findings from the AR-5 Synthesis Report Summary for Policymakers:

1.1 Observed changes in the climate system

Warming of the climate system is unequivocal, and since the 1950s, many of the observed changes are unprecedented over decades to millennia. The atmosphere and ocean have warmed, the amounts of snow and ice have diminished, and sea level has risen. {1.1}

 2.1 Key drivers of future climate

Cumulative emissions of CO2 largely determine global mean surface warming by the late 21st century and beyond. Projections of greenhouse gas emissions vary over a wide range, depending on both socioeconomic development and climate policy. {2.1}

 3.1 Foundations of decision-making about climate change

Effective decision making to limit climate change and its effects can be informed by a wide range of analytical approaches for evaluating expected risks and benefits, recognizing the importance of governance, ethical dimensions, equity, value judgments, economic assessments and diverse perceptions and responses to risk and uncertainty. {3.1}

4.4 Policy approaches for adaptation and mitigation, technology and finance
Effective adaptation and mitigation responses will depend on policies and measures across multiple scales: international, regional, national and sub-national. Policies across all scales supporting technology development, diffusion and transfer, as well as finance for responses to climate change, can complement and enhance the effectiveness of policies that directly promote adaptation and mitigation. {4.4}

4.5 Trade-offs, synergies and interactions with sustainable development

Climate change is a threat to sustainable development. Nonetheless, there are many opportunities to link mitigation, adaptation and the pursuit of other societal objectives through integrated responses (high confidence). Successful implementation relies on relevant tools, suitable governance structures and enhanced capacity to respond (medium confidence). {3.5, 4.5} (From Climasphere synopsis)

Scenarios of carbon emissions between 2005 and 2050 detail consequences of delaying cut backs in CO2 emissions by 2050..
Countries will need to rely on geoengineering solutions unless they succeed in making five or six percent cuts to GHG emssions between 2030 and 2050 (the lighter green bars).

You can download the entire IPCC AR5 Synthesis

Visit The Carbon Brief for an overview and analysis of ten of the IPCC Charts.


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Reposted from Climate Action Hub by boatsie
While the G20 countries  - Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States and the European Union -  are responsible for 80% of global greenhouse emissions, they fail to see the importance of addressing this problem later this month in Brisbane.
As the  2014 G20 Leaders' Summit agenda fails to prioritize global climate change as significant enough to rank stand-alone status at its annual mid-November meeting, organizers such as the World Wildlife Fund,, Greenpeace, Oxfam, and 1 Million Women are collaborating on a campaign to synthesize messaging around the urgency of action prior to the official UNFCCC Paris 2015 Climate Talks.

Their hope is to create "the perfect social media storm," one which creates one voice, one message:

This year's Brisbane Summit has stated its priorities as stimulating growth and building Global Economic Resilience.

Climate Change is not included in the scope of international resilience, which focuses on:  

•    delivering on the G20’s core financial regulation reforms
•    modernising the international tax system to keep pace with the changing ways people and companies do business
•    reforming global institutions to ensure countries that are reshaping the global economy have a greater voice and keep the institutions relevant
•    strengthening energy market resilience, improving the operation of global energy markets for greater efficiency and transparency
•    identifying how the G20 can help strengthen the global trading system, which comprises the World Trade Organization and more than 400 bilateral and regional free trade agreements and sector-specific agreements
•    addressing corruption.
A Queensland, Australia farmer, frustrated when the government took down an official ONMYAGENDA.ORG billboard at the Brisbane Airport, ploughed a huge "Go Solar" message in his field.  

"I hope [German chancellor] Angela Merkel shirt-fronts Tony Abbott and asks him, 'If Germany can go solar then why on earth can't Australia?'," said Rob McCreath. "Last year was our hottest on record, this one's shaping up to be even worse, and we've got a raging drought over a vast area," he said.

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Reposted from Climate Action Hub by boatsie
Paddling out in hand-made canoes from Australia's Horseshoe Beach, twelve Pacific Island nations early this morning blockaded coal ships as they approached Newcastle, the world’s largest coal port.

Late last night Australia time, as the small flotilla returned to shore, only four of twelve ships approaching the port, including two coal ships,  had broken through their blockade.

Now that is what I call an event of awesome beauty. Of heroic desperation. A poignant battle cry so primal in its power it ought to ignite a vehement, almost voracious response from around the globe.

How can we possibly ignore this?

What were you doing yesterday while they took to the sea in this quintessential do-or- die effort to save their home from being lost forever beneath the rising sea?  

Me? I was one of those over indulgent NorCal residents blessed with the luxury of losing myself for an hour and a half in a Hatha Yoga class, kicking back with buds to watch the SF Giants land a spot in the World Series, noshing on Quinoa pasta, organic heirloom tomatoes and free range, grass fed Mozzarella di bufala.

"For 20 years we’ve asked world leaders to take action to stop polluting the atmosphere. We cannot wait longer. Now, warriors of the Pacific are rising peacefully to protect the Pacific Islands from climate change. 
Our message: We are not drowning. We are fighting."

To say I am ashamed, to say that I feel like billions of us ought to feel shame about our ongoing disconnect, that we have the luxury still of burying our heads in the sand? A gross understatement. Fuck the Mozzarella di bufala! The Evoluet Vegan Dog Food! The Mrs. Meyer's Clean Day Basil Bathroom Cleaner!

Fuck the luxury of believing I was really making a difference by showing up with over 400,000 people in New York City to participate in the People's Climate March!

There is no time left for massaing one's ego, here. For small steps. For doing less harm.

We have to aim to do no harm. Ahimsa: To cease harming through actions, speech and thoughts.

To achieve success, we need to desist from all illusions, to find truthfulness with our selves so that we are firmly grounded in our actions.

The October 17 blockade was step one of Pacific Climate Warriors crusade. They begin tomorrow traveling through out Australia in a call-to-arms, "a request that Australians take up the fight to the fossil fuel industry to save our homelands."

It's not too late to Stand with the Pacific Climate Warriors. Sign the petition and pause for a moment on the page to observe as others from nations around the world add their names.

Tomorrow, October 18, the warriors will participate in Australia's  National Divestment Day in Australia, a series of protests across the country to demand their “Big 4” banks cease in financing fossil fuels.

"The coal which leaves this port has a direct impact on our culture and our islands," The Warriors said.  "It is clear to us that this is the kind of action which we must take in order to survive. Climate change is an issue which affects everyone and coal companies may expect further actions like this in future."

Share your message of solidarity on social media using the hashtag #StandUpForThePacific.

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Reposted from Climate Action Hub by boatsie
The importance of family farming is the theme of today's World Food Day, as international organizations collaborate to draw attention to the critical role small scale family farms play in solving world hunger and addressing global food security.

Globally,  500 million of the 570 million farms worldwide are family farms, responsible for growing produce and grain, raising livestock and managing fisheries but also for harvesting non-wood forest products.  

“Every year, we witness hunger’s devastating effect on families, communities and whole economies,” said WFP Executive Director Ertharin Cousin. “But despite horrific crises engulfing entire regions, we are making real progress in the fight to sustainably and durably end hunger and chronic malnutrition. Thanks to the work we do with our partners on emergency preparedness, support to family farmers, nutritional assistance – particularly in a child’s first 1,000 days – and building the resilience of communities to withstand shocks, millions of people are now better able to focus on building a future free of hunger for themselves and the next generation.”

While the Global Food Index released earlier this week showed some improvements in the scope of hunger worldwide, the statistics remain staggering.

1. 1 in 9 people (805 million) are starving
2. 2 billlion people are afflicted with 'hidden hunger:" deficiencies in microntrients due to lack of access to the ingredients of a diet composed of adequate quantis of vitamins, protein and minterals.
3. Malnutrition has stunted the growth of 26% of the world's children
4. Approximately 70% of food insecure populations reside in rural Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Near East.

And according to the Cost of Hunger in Africa (COHA) report, hunger can reduce a country's workforce by 9.4% and national GDPs by up to 16.5%

Here's a brief overview of some of today's campaigns.

Reclaim Power has aligned its actions today with the family farmer and international peasant organization La Via Campesina in a World Day of Action For Food Sovereignty and against transnational corporations.

"Climate change and its impacts is increasingly hurting our capacity to grow and cultivate food - but so-called 'solutions' to climate change are also devastating many communities and their food sovereignty. On World Food Day this year, October 16, Reclaim Power partners will be taking actions against two of these false solutions - "megadams" and "agrofuels." (Actions today are happening in Peru, South Africa and Canada)

Oxfam: Season of Action Against Hunger

As part of World Hunger day, Oxfam is taking a multi-pronged approach, urging families to "Start a conversation, try a recipe, and raise awareness."

• Join with family members and invite friends to share a meal and discuss:

1. Where does our food come from?  

A lot of energy is wasted trying to grow food in the wrong place, or at the wrong time of year. Do you know where any of the ingredients in this meal come from? How much of the food we’re eating is grown in the US, and how much is grown in other countries? If you could only buy food within a 100-mile radius, or within a 1,000-mile radius, how would it change your diet and life choices? Are any of the ingredients in this meal in season right now? How might we change the way we cook depending on what’s in season?
2. Who grows our food?
About 1.5 billion women and men live and work on small farms around the world. When you picture a farmer, who do you see? What kind of crops do farmers grow in our community or state? When was the last time you bought something grown on a nearby farm? What dishes did you make using these ingredients?
3. In recognition of the important role small scale family farms play in addressing global hunger, The UN has established 2014 as the International Year of Family Farming.
For example, when small-scale farmers receive fair prices for their produce, they are better able to buy food for their own families. What might be some of the differences between being a family farmer here in the US and being a family farmer in a developing country? What do you think these farmers have in common? Does your family grow any food, and if so, what do you grow? What are some ways your family can support farming families when you shop and eat?
4. Despite the fact that world famers are still capable of growing enough food for everyone, every night 1 in 8 people still go to to bed hungry.


What are some of the reasons that people go hungry? Can you name some places in the world where people are experiencing hunger right now? Can anyone share an experience of witnessing hunger, here in the US or elsewhere? What are some specific things we as individuals can do to help end hunger for others, locally and globally?
5. Nearly 1/3 of food never makes it to the plates of people who most need it:  
How often do you throw out food? Where do you see the most food waste in your home and in your community? What kind of meal could you make with the leftovers from this dinner so that no food is wasted? What strategies could help your family to waste less food?
• Change your food choices:

Oxfam's GROW program focuses on how folks can help small-scale farmers right from their kitchen tables by not wasting food, shopping seasonally, eating less, and makeing changes to their culinary repertoire by sampling new recipes using ingredients which will benefit family farmers. (see sample menus)

• Donate: Respond to a crisis: As the people from South Sudan cope with the catastrophes and displacement from ongoing conflict, many have been uprooted from their homes and unable to plant their fields. Your donations can help nearly seven million people are at risk of severe food insecurity.

World Food Program' (WFP) Call for Zero Hunger Campaign

The WFP's zero hunger campaign this year has aligned with corporate partners Unilever, and Knorr (asking employees and the public to pledge support to end global hunger); Michael Kors (soliciting support from customers with purcases or in store donation); and Yum! Brands (rallying people to raise funds for the WFP VIA THE #PassTheRedCup social media campaign.

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Reposted from Climate Action Hub by boatsie
"Climate change is the defining issue of our generation. We will be measured by how we respond to this crisis." said Philippines, chief climate diplomat Yeb Sano on Day 14 of the 1,000 kilometre march, which is scheduled to arrive November 8, one year after Typhoon Yolanda killed 6000 people, in Tacloban.

The march began in Manila on October 3rd.

Along its route,  the Climate Justice March is making stops in villages to educate people about how to prepare for future extreme climate events.

“It aims to empower communities and help them become resilient to the impacts of disasters and climate change,” said Sano.

While scientists have yet to conclusively determine if climate change will result in more frequent and deadly typhoons in the Pacific, sea levels are rising more rapidly in the area than the global average. (source RtCC)

Follow #ClimateMarch on Twitter!

Meanwhile, Reclaim Power week continues today with action in the UK to speak out against the use of nuclear energy.

You can promote the cause by sharing the following tweets:

Don't nuke the #climate - hey #WNE nuclear is not safe - we demand community renewable energy #NoNukes #SalonQuiTue #ReclaimPower

Fossil fuels, nuclear power? The 20th century called, it wants its energy back. We want community energy now! #NoNukes #ReclaimPower

Nuclear energy is: dirty, dangerous, and deadly. To the #WNE we say #NoNukes #ReclaimPower for community solutions. #SalonQuiTue

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Reposted from Climate Change SOS by boatsie

With just one year left before the expiration of the Millennium Development Goals, The 2014 Global Hunger Index (GHI) reveals 805 million people worldwide continue to experience hunger and that serious problems remain with the 'hidden hunger' or 'micronutrient deficiency,' which impacts some 2 billion people worldwide.

While the GHI reports that hunger has fallen by 39 percent in developing countries, 16 countries continue to experience hunger which is considered "alarming" or "extremely alarming."

Areas in Africa which lie south of the Sahara merit “alarming” GHI scores. Rankings in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Somalia were challenged due to lack of available data.

The largest improvements in GHI ranking were evidenced in Angola, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Chad, Ghana, Malawi, Niger, Rwanda, Thailand, and Vietnam.

The  International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) has produced an interactive version of the GHI, with specifics on the Challenges of Hidden Hunger.

The report stresses the urgent need for governments along with multilateral institutions to commit to ending hidden hunger through committing finances, coordination and transparency to ensure adequate systems for monitoring and evaluating nutrition capacity. Regulations to ensure good nutrition could incentivize investments in public health to expedite the production of nutrient rich seeds and foods.
Hidden hunger can coexist with adequate or even excessive consumption of dietary energy from macronutrients, such as fats and carbohydrates, and therefore also with overweight /obesity in one person or community.

Poor diet, disease, impaired absorption, and increased micronutrient needs during certain life stages, such as pregnancy, lactation, and infancy, are among the causes of hidden hunger, which may “invisibly” affect the health and development of a population.

Possible solutions to hidden hunger include food-based approaches: dietary diversification, which might involve growing more diverse crops in a home garden; fortification of commercial foods; and biofortification, in which food crops are bred with increased micronutrient content. Food-based measures will require long-term, sustained, and coordinated efforts to make a lasting difference. In the short term, vitamin and mineral supplements can help vulnerable populations combat hidden hunger.

The 9th GHI report issued since 1990 represents the first time the focus has included an evaluation of both climate and agricultural models to determine the impact of climate change on the international food supply.

WorldWatch Institute reports today that the impact of climate change on crops is expected to result in a 20-percent rise in child malnutrition.

While dramatically impacting crop yields, increasing global temperatures will also alter global precipitation patterns and exacerbate the spread of insects and weeds which threaten the viability of food crops. Rice, maize, wheat, sorghum and millet crops, those most essential to meet the nutritional needs huge swaths of the world's population, will be most effected.

Most severely affected will be the wheat-growing regions of South Asia, Europe and Central Asia, and sub-Saharan Africa, where production is projected to decline by 46, 47, and 35 percent, respectively. Also under threat are Middle Eastern rice paddies, where production is expected to fall by 36 percent.

The regions that would benefit from climate change would experience relatively smaller changes. The analysis estimates that wheat production in Latin America will grow by 13 percent and that millet production will increase in the East Asia and Pacific region and in Latin America and the Caribbean, by 6 and 8 percent, respectively.

Experts in the field of food security and climate change are recommending the allocation of at least $7 billion to assist developing countries adapt to climate change by supporting research on food security, improving irrigation and expanding roads in rural regions.

According to the World Bank's 2010 World Development Report an estimated $75 billion must be allocated on an annual basis to adapt to agriculture, sea-level rise and the increase in tropical diseases as a result of climate change.

The Eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which expire next year, focus on issues such as reducing global poverty by 50%, promoting gender equity and empowering women, halting the spread of HIV/AIDS, and providing universal primary education. The 1st, and perhaps primary, MDG, is to  "Eradicate eradicate extreme poverty and hunger."  The UN has been working on the Post-2015 development agenda in which Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) expound upon the MDGs as they take into account a more nuanced picture of the world's most pressing problems as they are currently compounded by the impacts of climate change and the alarming growth in disparity between the world's rich and poor.


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Reposted from UN Climate Summit by boatsie

The United Nations Climate Leaders Summit yesterday was another step in the direction of ending the fossil fuel era, and towards signing an international agreement to address climate change in Paris in 2015. But in the final analysis, although the Summit produced positive signals and put new money on the table for climate action, many governments in New York simply used the opportunity to restate what they are already doing instead of announcing what they are going to do next.

“Change is in the air. Today’s Climate Summit has shown an entirely new, cooperative global approach to climate change. The actions announced today by governments, businesses, finance and civil society show that many partners are eager to confront the challenges of climate change together. [T]he world is finally waking up to the economic and social opportunities of taking action on climate change. The Climate Summit is showcasing a level of ambition not seen before and producing actions and new initiatives that will make a
significant difference.” UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.

The Summit kicked off with strong remarks from UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, actor Leonardo DiCaprio and an emotional call to action from Marshallese poet Kathy Jetnil-Kijiner, whose poem directed to her six-month-old daughter ended the opening session with a standing ovation. Following record-breaking demonstrations where almost 700,000 people joined the People’s Climate Marches over the weekend, government leaders have been under increased pressure to make deeper cuts in carbon pollution faster.

A small, but growing number of countries lived up to growing expectations, with Samoa, Tuvalu, Costa Rica and Denmark pledging to speed up the transition from fossil fuels to 100 per cent renewable energy. Additionally, Germany, Sweden, Trinidad and Tobago, Ethiopia and Iceland pledged to go carbon neutral by 2050 while China, the world’s largest carbon polluter, signaled that it intends to peak emissions as soon as possible. US President Barack Obama, who leads the world’s second highest carbon emitting nation, used his platform at the summit to hint at more ambitious US action in the future, raising hopes for US-China collaboration and leadership towards a global agreement in Paris.

“The climate is changing faster than our efforts to address it. The alarm bells keep ringing. Our citizens keep marching. We cannot pretend we do not hear them. We have to answer the call.” - US President Barack Obama

Beyond Tuesday’s announcements and speeches, New York also delivered a range of promising private-public initiatives. 73 countries including major emitters like China and Russia, 22 states, provinces and cities, and over 1,000 businesses and investors support a global price on carbon. Together, these governments represent 54 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions and 52 percent of global GDP.

"As a responsible major country, China will make greater  effort to more effectively address climate change and take on international responsibilities that are commensurate with its national conditions, stage of development and actual capabilities. We will announce post-2020 actions on climate change as soon as we can, which will bring about marked progress in reducing carbon intensity, increasing the share of non-fossil fuels and raising the forest stock, as well as the peaking of total CO2 emissions as early as possible.” - Zhang Gaoli, Vice Premier of the State Council of China

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