I am not sure if this is a "peer reviewed" study, but we have actual measurements showing a whole lot of plutonium was emitted into the environment from the Fukushima reactors after the accident.
The derived intervention levels instituted by the FDA for food are outrageous, 160 BQ per KILO for strontium and 1200 BQ per KILO for Cesium. I personally do not want any detectable levels of cesium in my food. And I certainly would not want detectable levels of strontium in my food. Perhaps by tweaking logic a bit one can compare cesium laced food to a banana. With strontium one can make no such comparisons. The strontium goes to one's bones and hangs around. The biological half life for strontium is much longer than the half life for Cesium.
MILES O’BRIEN: In New York, at Stony Brook University, Nicholas Fisher is focused on radioactivity in fish. He studies the ultimate sushi delicacy, bluefin tuna. These amazing creatures spawn near Japan, migrate to California, then return to Japan. He measured tuna caught in San Diego four months after the meltdowns.
NICHOLAS FISHER: We were quite surprised to see that every single fish we analyzed had clear evidence of Fukushima-derived radionuclides in their tissue.
Recently published on the Energy News website.
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Contamination of the soil can be shown by measuring Bq/kg. Within the 23 districts of Metropolitan Tokyo, contamination in the east part is 1000-4000 Bq/kg and the west part is 300-1000 Bq/kg. The contamination of Kiev, the capital city of Ukraine, is 500 Bq/kg (Ce137 only). West Germany after the Chernobyl accident has 90 Bq/kg, Italy has 100 and France has 30 Bq/kg on average. Many cases of health problems have been reported in Germany and Italy. Shinjuku, the location of the Tokyo municipal government, was measured at 0.5-1.5 Bq/kg before 2011. Kodaira currently has 200-300 Bq/kg contamination.
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Their experience tells them that Tokyo should no longer be inhabited, and that those who insist on living in Tokyo must take regular breaks in safer areas.
Issues such as depopulation and state decline continue to burden the lives of second and third generation Ukrainians and Belarusians today, and I fear that this may be the future of Eastern Japan.
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Of course, there are many Pollyannas here that think if we just break the political power of the oil companies and invest in renewable energy this will solve all our problems. We can just keep increasing our population and we will all live happily in an Idyllic renewable paradise.
Kunstler has a less sanguine view on our future after peak oil. Kunstler also has a more realistic view on immigration:
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In the 21st century, The USA is no longer sparsely populated, except in the regions that are typically hostile to settlement anywhere else in the world — places where there is no water, or too hot, or too cold, or too swampy. North America is a settled continent at a moment in history when virtually every nation including the USA can be fairly considered over-populated. It is also too obvious to belabor the point that fossil fuels have produced an algae bloom of human reproduction and that, whether we like it or not, the decline of fossil fuel is certain to lead to a decrease in human population. The question is how disorderly and cruel that journey might be if we don’t make the management of contraction a supreme political priority. And managing the movement of people into this country is a necessary part of that.
Currently, progressive America is pretending that the conditions of the 19th century still prevail here - boundless material resources and land for the taking - and that we can happily accommodate the overflow from our equally overpopulated neighbors, Mexico and the countries of Central America, any way they can manage to get here.
The plan to stop contaminated water from the quake-crippled Fukushima nuclear power plant leaking into the sea by freezing soil and water is not working as well as Japanese officials had hoped. ... ...
31:00 in — Katsutaka Idogawa, Former Mayor of Futaba, Fukushima: In the midst of all this sorrow, Prime Minister Abe is facing outward and promoting exports of nuclear power plants. [...] As a Japanese citizen I am truly ashamed […] The contaminated water from the plant is polluting the Pacific Ocean more and more. I feel humiliated when Abe lies to the world, when he says the radioactive contamination is completely blocked from spreading further into the ocean. […] I urge the people of the world to take a look at us [...] We’re living in conditions that punish us for what happened. Our dreams, our children’s futures, out towns have all been destroyed. We’ve been swept to the very margins of Japanese society and told to live there in silence. [...] Nuclear facilities bring misfortune on human kind. We all need to raise our voices and demand a safe environment where we can live and children can have dreams. We inherited a clean environment from our parents, but I as a parent cannot pass along a clean and beautiful town to my own children. This sad situation can never happen again. Please, don’t just help us, please help human kind.Water, water and more water flows into the reactors at Fukushima and comes out poisoned. The apologists say don't worry the world has a lot of water and dilution is the solution.
I say Cesium, Strontium and Plutonium can't be good no matter the concentration.
Energy News latest story is truly worrisome. Low doses of Cesium are toxic to butterflies and therefore probably other animals. I am done with Pacific Ocean fish.
Smithsonian Magazine, May 14, 2014: Even Tiny Amounts of Radioactive Food Made Caterpillars Become Abnormal Butterflies [...] Researchers in Japan [...] discovered, even a small amount of radiation is too much. [...] The scientists collected plant material from around Fukushima and fed it to pale grass blue butterfly caterpillars. When the caterpillars turned into butterflies, they suffered from mutations and were more likely to die early [... even if they] had only eaten a small amount of artificial caesium [...] In other words, things don’t look good for the animals living around Fukushima.
http://rt.com/...What kind of Democracy is this?
The majority of Ukrainian providers have stopped broadcasting four main Russian TV channels in a move the Russian Foreign Ministry calls a violation of international obligations and an attack on media freedom.
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http://rt.com/..... ... ...
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Crimean authorities have reported about 135 registered international observers have arrived from 23 countries, including Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Latvia and Poland. Members of the EU and national European parliaments, international law experts and human rights activists together with 1,240 local observers are monitoring the voting at ballot stations. Mass media in the peninsula is represented by 623 accredited journalists from 169 international media outlets.
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http://www.hmbreview.com/...The viral video:
County health officials first learned of the radiation levels last week, and they sent their own inspector on Dec. 28 to Pacifica with a Geiger counter. Using a different unit, the county inspector measured the beach to have a radiation level of about 100 micro-REM per hour, or about five times the normal amount. REM stands for “Roentgen equivalent man,” a measurement of the dosage and statistical biological effects presented by radiation.
Although the radiation levels were clearly higher than is typical, Peterson emphasized that it was still not unsafe for humans. A person would need to be exposed to 100 microREMs of radiation for 50,000 hours before it surpassed safety guidelines by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, he explained.
I hereby challenge the nuclear apologists on this site to explain why no wall has been built around the Fukushima nuclear power plants preventing ground water from entering the site.
The contamination of the Pacific is alarming.
Here is Arnie Gundersen on this subject:
Folks writing about Fukushima have been troll rated and told to shut up when writing about the possible worst case scenario. This is a fact based community. This translates into no conjectures about Fukushima allowed.
I call BS. In science one often starts with the extreme to test a hypothesis. Calculus, for example, is the science of the extreme.
Now we have a professor at Yale claiming that Fukushima threatens humanity. I share his concern. How is it not possible to lose control at Fukushima?
This is An important political point. We need to do more at Fukushima. Why are we not following Arnie Gundersen's suggestion? Arnie suggests building a zeolite trench around the plant. This would prevent fresh water from running into the plant Making the contaminated water problem much more manageable.
I believe more resources need to be thrown at this disaster. Fukushima is certainly a much greater threat than Iran or Syria.
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Much more serious is the danger that the spent fuel rod pool at the top of the nuclear plant number four will collapse in a storm or an earthquake, or in a failed attempt to carefully remove each of the 1,535 rods and safely transport them to the common storage pool 50 meters away. Conditions in the unit 4 pool, 100 feet from the ground, are perilous, and if any two of the rods touch it could cause a nuclear reaction that would be uncontrollable. The radiation emitted from all these rods, if they are not continually cool and kept separate, would require the evacuation of surrounding areas including Tokyo. Because of the radiation at the site the 6,375 rods in the common storage pool could not be continuously cooled; they would fission and all of humanity will be threatened, for thousands of years.
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