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This series focuses on the region from where the roots of Western Judaic and Christian civilization of today are traced: the northeastern, eastern, and southeastern region surrounding the Mediterranean  from Greece, Turkey, Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Palestine,  Jordan, Iraq, (western) Iran, and Egypt to Europe and then to the Americas.

To read the entire Punishing Eve series on Zeitgeist Change, and about the novels written by Janet Wise, go to http://www.janetwise.net/...

PART XXI: PUNISHING EVE

Women as house-slave and property in patriarchal Christian America
Women as house-slave and property in patriarchal Christian America
Not only did the barbaric feudalistic European Christian culture—patriarchy ruled by force or threat of force—transplanted to America destroy everything in its path, it brought its common law governed by religion in respect to women with them. Hence women literally were property. They had many duties but no rights. They belonged to their fathers until marriage, and to their husbands once married. And culture and religion dictated that women should marry.

Modern-day American Christian conservatives hysterically warn about Sharia law infiltrating their land of “freedom” and pass laws against this Islamic scourge. They ignore that their own Christianity was very similar to Islamic Sharia law—certainly Christianity has been very barbaric and brutal (stoning, burning, hanging, and beating) its women. They especially ignore that many of these same soul-killing attitudes of women’s inferiority, and beliefs that women need to be “controlled and owned” in order for society to be kept “moral” are still alive and well in today’s double standard when it comes to relations between men and women, and women’s reproduction.

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This series focuses on the region from where the roots of Western Judaic and Christian civilization of today are traced: the northeastern, eastern, and southeastern region surrounding the Mediterranean  from Greece, Turkey, Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Palestine,  Jordan, Iraq, (western) Iran, and Egypt to Europe and then to the Americas.

To read the entire Punishing Eve series on Zeitgeist Change, and about the novels written by Janet Wise, go tohttp://www.janetwise.net/...

PUNISHING EVE

US Constituton
U.S. Constitution
The ideological rhetoric of the American Revolution promoted the concept of breaking down the concentrations of power and to create a society of essentially equal participants. Of course, those writing and selling the rhetoric at that time meant “equal participants” to be white male property owners. Because white male property owners were the only ones who were real people (as became described in the U.S. Constitution.) The idea was supposed to be that they’re more or less equal, and therefore you want to break down the concentrations of power that are oppressing them. In those days that meant Church power, state power, the feudal system—and what you were supposed to get was this egalitarian society for “the People,” people being white male property owners.[1]

The Treaty of Paris, signed on September 3, 1783, ended the American Revolutionary War between Great Britain on one side and the American Colonies and its allies on the other. For the colonists, life had been hard during the Revolution.

Peace brought a brief period of prosperity, but this was followed by times even worse than ever. Taxes were being raised in all the colonies to pay for the war—Massachusetts farmers felt particularly hard hit. Farms, cattle, even plows were being taken to pay debts, many debtors unable to pay thrown into jail to languish. Hatred grew: hatred for the sheriffs and their minions who threw family members and neighbors into jail; hatred for judges who signed orders that would wipe out a man’s entire property; hatred for the lawyers whose scheming was being fattened by all this; hatred above all for the rich people in Boston, the merchants and bankers who seemed to control the governor and state legislature. No single leader mobilized this hatred. Farmers and laborers rallied around local men; they had names like Job Shattuck, Eli Parsons, Luke Day, and Dan Shays. In all, these were men who had fought with the rebels against England—often not paid by the Continental army and why they returned home to find themselves indebted, in arrears in taxes. Now they were rebelling against the wealthy leaders of the rebellion who were foreclosing on their property and jailing them for debt. [2]

[1] Noam Chomsky, edited by Peter R. Mitchell and John Schoeffel  Understanding Power: The Indispensable Chomsky, (the New Press, New York, 2002) p 267

[2] James McGregor Burns, The Vineyard of Liberty, The American Experiment, (Knopf, New York, 1982)

 

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This series focuses on the region from where the roots of Western Judaic and Christian civilization of today are traced: the northeastern, eastern, and southeastern region surrounding the Mediterranean  from Greece, Turkey, Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Palestine,  Jordan, Iraq, (western) Iran, and Egypt to Europe and then to the Americas.

To read the entire Punishing Eve series on Zeitgeist Change, and about the novels written by Janet Wise, go to http://www.janetwise.net/...

PART XIX: PUNISHING EVE

French and Indian War
French and Indian War
The French and Indian war was so-named because most of the indigenous tribes sided with the French against the British. Why? Because the French were traders and trappers, whereas the British pushed the Native Americans off their land, and shipped in thousands of colonists to claim (the land) as theirs. (See the map of the British Colonies and the French territory posted in http://www.janetwise.net/...) Both imperialists were in it for the gain of wealth—it was just a difference in approach. After the British won the Seven Years’ War by 1763 (named and known now as the French and Indian War) expelling the French from North America, “ambitious colonial leaders were no longer threatened by the French. They now had only two rivals left: the English and the Indians.”[1] At the end of the war, to appease the Indians, the British declared the land beyond the Appalachians off-limits to whites: The Proclamation of 1763. Angered by this, the wealthy colonists began dividing into two factions—those loyal to the British Crown and those who saw the British as an obstacle to their increased wealth.  Leaders of the colonists (large property owners and merchants) coveted those lands. Now with the French out of the way, the second faction began seeing the British overlords as being in the way.

From the British point of view, with the French out of the way, they could begin tightening their control over the colonies. The empire needed revenues to pay for the war and looked to the colonies for those funds. As well, the colonial trade had become more and more important to the British economy and more profitable: it had amounted to about 500,000 pounds in 1700 but by 1770 was worth 2,800,000 pounds (or $700 million in dollar equivalency today). The status–quo was: the American leadership was less in need of English rule, while the English were more in need of colonists’ wealth—thus developed the elements of conflict.[2]

The poor
The Poor Colonists in the Cities
In the meantime—as war always provides—the wealthy profited from the control of goods needed to fight the French, while the numbers of the poor increased. The small tenant farmer was forced off his land by the conflict, and while he was conscripted to fight, his unemployed wife and children were displaced, joining the starving beggars and wandering poor in the streets of the city, as one newspaper editor wrote. Gary Nash’s study of the city tax lists shows that the early 1770s divided Boston’s wealth as: five percent of Boston’s taxpayers controlled forty-nine percent of the city’s taxable assets, and Philadelphia and New York also showed the concentration of wealth in the hands of the few with the wealthiest people in the cities leaving 20,000 pounds to descendants in wills (equivalent to $5 million today.)[3]

Nash and others have described how certain lawyers, editors, and merchants of the upper classes, but excluded from the ruling circles close to England—men like Samuel Adams and James Otis, Royal Tyler, Oxenbridge Thacher—organized a caucus through links to the artisans and laborers through a network of neighborhood taverns, fire companies, and espoused a vision of politics that gave credence to the laboring class views, and through their oratory and writing, began shaping and molding laboring class opinion into a “mob rebellion” in thinking and action. Nash writes of Otis speaking against the conservative (Loyalist) rulers of the Massachusetts colony, “I am forced to get my living by the labour of my hand; and the sweat of my brow, as most of you are and obliged to go thro’ good report and evil report, for bitter bread, earned under the frowns of some who have no natural or divine right to be above me, and entirely owe their grandeur and honor to grinding the faces of the poor…”[4]

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This series focuses on the region from where the roots of Western Judaic and Christian civilization of today are traced: the northeastern, eastern, and southeastern region surrounding the Mediterranean  from Greece, Turkey, Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Palestine,  Jordan, Iraq, (western) Iran, and Egypt to Europe and then to the Americas.

To read the entire Punishing Eve series on Zeitgeist Change, and about the novels written by Janet Wise, go to http://www.janetwise.net/...

PART XVIII: PUNISHING EVE

Ancient cultures
Ancient Cultures that Developed the High Arts of Civilization
Earlier chapters have discussed how the goddess-worshiping Neolithic civilizations located in the surrounds of the Mediterranean, and the Tigris and Euphrates river valleys, gave us all the high arts of civilization: agriculture and a managed food supply, architecture, art, forging of metals (but used for jewelry and artifacts not weaponry), language, script, literature, judicial systems, medicine, knowledge of anatomy, pharmacology, and astronomy. Archaeologists also tell us those societies worshiped a female goddess, were more matriarchal and matrilineal in structure and that their societies were the most just and humane in human history.

We traced the timing and consequence of the androcratic invasions of these peaceful societies by the male-dominated cultures who ruled by force or threat of force known as the Indo-Europeans, and worshiped a male god of war and mountains.  We know of these waves of invasions that stamped out the matriarchate of the Neolithic, gradually replacing with a violent patriarchy, most particularly because of advances made after World War II in dating archaeological artifacts and digs revealing millenniums-old town-sites. Succeeding chapters tracked and exposed the consequences of the rise and domination of the patriarchal (androcratic) Hebrew and Christians, not only on the old cultures around the Mediterranean, but then spread throughout the European continent. This period when the goddess representing life and nature was violently replaced by a male monotheistic god who represented death, marked the greatest paradigm shift in the history of Homo sapiens. It ushered in two and a half millennium of a regression into violence, war, disease, death, and darkness—a time when all scientific and medical exploration ceased, to be replaced by fear of the vindictive male god—all in the name of male dominance for control of resources and profits.
 

British Colonies
British Colonies in America
There is an abundance of written record of the next wave of androcratic invasions: when European Christian patriarchy developed the skill to cross the oceans, there is ample evidence that documents this morally dark and murderous period in history. This chapter focuses on the Americas and the arrival of the white man in search of gold and riches. The preceding chapter explored one of the dominant Christian fundamentalist groups that settled in Massachusetts and how it, along with other Christian fundamentalist’s beliefs and practices, lies potent still in our nation’s DNA. Additionally, there are other profound impacts of what patriarchy implemented in order to tame and exploit this new land for the profit of a few, that remain as deep festering sores in our society today.

Americans hold on to an image of a country of exceptionalism; we pay homage through hero worship of those brave Founding Fathers who fought a war of independence, and wrote profound documents that insured that we were the land of the free. Though that is the story taught to us as children, that story is as greatly simplified into myth as a child’s fairy tale; it’s based on idealized fantasy rather than truth. America’s history is one of violent and brutal oppression intermixed with fitful insurrections by the poor against the powerful aristocracy—the few. Our country did not begin as a land of freedom. Quite the opposite, it was a quest by aristocratic Europeans for new territory and acquisition of new wealth – wealth gained through barbaric violence and rule by force at the expense of everyone they had to enslave and kill, and at the expense of the natural environment. Even when the American colonies became an independent nation with a Constitutional form of government, it was contrived to be a class-based nation ruled by wealthy property owners and controllers over labor—poor labor was the design of those property owners—with just enough of a middle class of technocrats, millers, shop-keepers, etc., to whom they gave just enough benefits to ensure support against rebellions waged against them by the Indians, the poor, and the enslaved.

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This series focuses on the region from where the roots of Western Judaic and Christian civilization of today are traced: the northeastern, eastern, and southeastern region surrounding the Mediterranean  from Greece, Turkey, Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Palestine,  Jordan, Iraq, (western) Iran, and Egypt) to Europe and then to the Americas.  

To read the entire Punishing Eve series (posted on Zeitgeist Change), and about the novels written by Janet Wise, go to http://www.janetwise.net/...

PART XVII: PUNISHING EVE

The Handmaid's Tale
The Handmaid's Tale
The great poet and novelist, Margaret Atwood once wrote, in explaining the difference between her home country of Canada and the U.S., “Canadians and Americans may look alike,” she observed, “but the contents in their heads are quite different.” The difference is, in her view, the result of originating myths. The founding Puritans had wanted their society to be a theocratic utopia, a city upon a hill, to be a model and a shining example to all nations. The split between the dream and the reality is an old one, and it has not gone away. She writes that Canada suffers from no such split, since it was founded not by idealists but by people who’d been kicked out of other places.[1]

Atwood dedicated her novel “The Handmaid’s Tale” (of which we will discuss more in-depth later) to her ancestor on her maternal side, Mary Webster. Mary was accused and convicted of witchcraft in Hadley, Massachusetts in 1683 “for having provoked a righteous gentleman to become valetudinarious.” (Our ancestors used such great words—valetudinarious: a condition of being sickly or weak and especially one who is constantly and morbidly concerned with his or her health.) The esteemed cleric, Cotton Mather presiding over her conviction, commended it to his flock, that the execution was doing God’s work. Though Mary was hung on a tree and left to die she was found still alive the next day. Earning the name “half-hung Mary” she went on to live another fourteen years, but not in Massachusetts. The Websters packed up their Bibles and moved north to Nova Scotia where they would be free from fanatical and misogynist oppression and hatred.[2]

Atwood, in response to her American friend’s denials and assertions, that  Iranian Ayatollah and Afghan Taliban religious extremism “can’t happen here,” only has to look back to the nightmare fate of her relative “half-hung Mary” as proof that religious fanaticism can resort to brutal totalitarianism. It not only “can happen here,” it has happened. While Atwood’s example is personal – Mary Webster an ancestral relative – the quotes from the Malleus Maleficarum used as a theme throughout the preceding chapters evidence our recent Catholic and Calvinist totalitarian past where incredible fabrications and deceptions ran wild as a strategy of justification for tens of thousands to be brutally tortured and burned or hanged in the name of doing good work for their godly communities and the Church.

[1] Margaret Atwood, The Handmaid’s Tale, ix, Introduction, (Great Britain: Jonathan Cape Ltd., 1986, reprinted by Random House, NY, USA)

[2] Ibid., x.

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This series focuses on the region from where the roots of Western Judaic and Christian civilization of today are traced: the northeastern, eastern, and southeastern region surrounding the Mediterranean  from Greece, Turkey, Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Palestine,  Jordan, Iraq, (western) Iran, and Egypt).  A similar evolution and change happened in the (farther) East that became dominated by Islam and Hinduism. Punishing Eve  traces those roots into medieval, and early modern Europe, to our Western culture of today.

To read the entire Punishing Eve series, as well as other Zeitgeist Change commentaries, and about novels (political thrillers) by Janet Wise, go to http://www.janetwise.net/...

            It is asked whether a man can be so blessed by the good Angels that he cannot be bewitched by witches.

            Answer: There are three classes of men blessed by God, whom that detestable race (witches) cannot injure with their witchcraft. And the first are those who administer public justice against them, or prosecute them in any public capacity. The second are those who, according to the tradition and holy rites of the Church, make lawful use of the power and virtue which the Church by her exorcisms furnishes in the aspersion of Holy Water, the taking of consecrated salt, the carrying of blessed candles on the Day of Purification of Our Lady, of palm leaves upon Palm Sunday, and men who thus fortify themselves are acting so that the powers of the devils are diminished.

The Malleus Maleficarum: or Hammer of Witches, Part 2, Question 1: Of those against whom the Power of Witches availeth not at all,  (1484), by Heinrich Godfrey Kramer and Jacob Sprenger, Catholic Dominican Inquisitors. (Included in case one is wondering how the Malleus assured those who conducted heinous acts of torture were assured that the witch could not counter with a hex on him!)

PART XVI: PUNISHING EVE

Who Were the Witches Being Hunted as a Form of Community Cleansing?

OLD WOMEN ACCUSED AS WITCHES
Old Women Accused as Witches
So who were those ‘moralist’ Christians and ‘reasoned’ judges, lawyers, and community councilmen’ hunting and exterminating as witches for the purpose of cleansing their communities, all in the pursuit of making their cities godly? Historians are in agreement that while a witch could be anyone: a child, a woman in her prime,  the elderly; many of them were, in fact, old women—hence the stereotype of the old hag riding on a broom characterized by our American celebration of Halloween. For, in a patriarchal society that only valued women for reproduction, and then only under very strict control and moralistic conditions, of what use were old women? Certainly they were not respected for their wisdom;  women, by nature were considered by the Christian patriarch to be weak in mind as well as in soul. And if they were of no use, then what do you do with them? It should be defined in early modern Europe that if a woman didn’t die in childbirth, she reached old age by menopause; e.g. old was in her fifties, really old was in her sixties.
Caricature of Witch
Caricature of witch
“Reginald Scott, the English skeptic about witchcraft, began his definition of witches this way: “women which be commonly old, lame, bleare-eyed, pale, fowl, and full of wrinkles.” If Scot, who was sympathetic to the victims, promoted this stereotype, it is not surprising that witch-hunters like Boquet and Remy used such phrases as “this miserable and damnable vermin” and “(like) a bitch far more hideous to look at than all others.” Scot’s and the Frenchmen’s caricatures capture the truth about the majority of persons accused of this crime: old, unattractive, disliked, and female.[1]

And as was mentioned in the last chapter, many of them were the poor and widowed women who supported themselves as medical caregivers, as midwives, and as lying-in attendants. It cannot be ignored that witchcraft beliefs linked powerfully to woman’s sexuality (which was loathed and feared, thus needed an inordinate number of laws and enforcers of those laws to control it), and to women’s role in giving birth, which the whole Christian male leadership associated with being ‘unclean’ and needed to be sanctified by ‘churching’ for women, and ‘baptism’ for infants.

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Inquiistion
Catholic Inquisition
This series focuses on the region from where the roots of Western Judaic and Christian civilization of today are traced: the northeastern, eastern, and southeastern region surrounding the Mediterranean  from Greece, Turkey, Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Palestine,  Jordan, Iraq, (western) Iran, and Egypt).  A similar evolution and change happened in the (farther) East that became dominated by Islam and Hinduism. Punishing Eve  traces those roots into medieval, and early modern Europe, to our Western culture of today.

To read the entire Punishing Eve series, as well as other Zeitgeist Change commentaries, and about novels (political thrillers) by Janet Wise, go to http://www.janetwise.net/...

Whether the belief that there are such beings as witches is so essential a part of the Catholic faith that obstinately to maintain the opposite opinion manifestly savors of heresy. And it is argued that a firm belief in witches is not a Catholic doctrine: see Chapter 26, question 5, of the work of Eiscopus. Whoever believes that any creature can be changed for the better or worse, or transformed into another kind of likeness, except by the Creator of all things, is worse than a pagan and  heretic.

… To commence, the expressions of the Canon must be treated of in detail (although the sense of the Canon will be even more clearly elucidated in the following question). For the divine in many places commands that witches are not only to be avoided, but also they are to be put to death, and it would not impose the extreme penalty of this kind if witches did not really and truly make a compact with devils in order to bring about real and true hurts and harms.

… This is the opinion of St Thomas when he discusses whether it be evil to make use of the help of devils (ii. 7). For in the 18th chapter of Deuteronomy it is commanded that all wizards and charmers are to be destroyed. Also the 19th chapter of Leviticus says: The soul which goeth to wizards and soothsayers to commit fornication with them, I will set my face against that soul, and destroy it out of the midst of my people. And again, 20: A man, or woman, in whom there is a pythonical or divining spirit dying, let them die: they shall stone them. Those persons are said to  be pythons in whom the devil works extraordinary things.

The Malleus Maleficarum: or Hammer of Witches, Part I, Question 1: Whether the Belief that there are such Beings as Witches is so Essential a Part of the Catholic Faith that Obstinacy to maintain the Opposite Opinion manifestly savours of Heresy, (1484), by Heinrich Godfrey Kramer and Jacob Sprenger, Catholic Dominican Inquisitors.

(The Malleus was written as a text for the witch inquisitions in response to Pope Innocent VIII’s papal bull to formalize a plan of action against the Catholic Church’s paranoia of a worldwide conspiracy of witches and Satan. It became the encyclopedia for inquisitors and courts throughout Europe to identify, accuse, torture convictions from, and execute women as witches over the next three centuries. It even, for a brief time, spread to the Calvinist American colonies. The Church was never censored nor condemned for this holocaust against women.)

PART XV: PUNISHING EVE—

Just as war is very profitable for U.S. weapons’ manufacturers, Department of Defense contractors, and many individuals within the elite segment of society who have vested interests in industries providing services and materials required to wage war in our modern-day society, by the seventeenth century in Europe witch-hunting had become an industry. It supported the courts – secular and religious – paying the salaries of the judges, court officials, torturers, physicians, clergymen, scribes, guards, and attendants. Every act of torture, every banquet which the judges held whenever a suspect appeared before them, the very food the prisoner was given had to be paid for. The workmen who erected the stakes and scaffolds, and the men who brought the wood and tar for the executions, profited by the death of each witch.  Innkeepers profited by the crowds who came to watch the executions. The need to keep the organization functioning and thereby providing a livelihood for so many people was a major factor in the insistence that witches be tortured into confession and denunciation of accomplices, for a supply of potential victims was essential. “Wretched creatures are compelled by the severity of the torture to confess things they have never done,” said Father Cornelius Loos in 1592, “and so by cruel butchery innocent lives are taken; and by a new alchemy, gold and silver are coined from human blood.”[1] This is an excellent, though alarming analogy to use in considering how many Americans feed from the trough of our never-ending war, and the overall cost to society, both domestically and globally, to maintain this atrocity.

The property of the condemned witches yielded extensive booty for whatever local authority had jurisdiction. After paying the expenses, the property of the witch was confiscated either by the autonomous town, the local nobleman, the king, the bishop, or the Inquisitors; sometimes several courts, secular and ecclesiastical, shared the loot. With such an easy source of funds, it is not strange that the leaders of Germany and France were for a long time content to let the witch persecutions continue.[2]

The witch hunts of early modern Europe have sometimes been compared to Nazi genocide in the twentieth century. R. H. Robbins writes, “To a century which has seen the annihilation of some 15,000,000 human beings in five years by the Nazis, the cruelty and injustice of the witch judges may seem inconsequential. It took 200 years to burn at a conservative estimate, 200,000 witches. Obviously in comparison to Nazi genocide, witchcraft cannot be compared to fascism. But what makes the witch persecutions so repellent and morally lower than fascism, is that throughout civilized Europe, the clergy led the persecutions and condoned them in the name of Christianity, while the lawyers and judges and professors abetted them in the name of reason.”[3]

[1] Rossell Hope Robbins, The Encyclopedia of Witchcraft & Demonology, (Crown Publishers, New York, NY, 1981 edition) p 16.

[2] Ibid, p 16

[3] Ibid., p 17

 

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The Zodiac
The Astrological Zodiac
This series focuses on the region from where the roots of Western Judaic and Christian civilization of today are traced: the northeastern, eastern, and southeastern region surrounding the Mediterranean  from Greece, Turkey, Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Palestine,  Jordan, Iraq, (western) Iran, and Egypt).  A similar evolution and change happened in the (farther) East that became dominated by Islam and Hinduism. It traces those roots into medieval, and early modern Europe, to our Western culture of today.

To read the entire Punishing Eve series, as well as other Zeitgeist Change commentaries, selected articles, and about Janet Wise's novels, go to http://www.janetwise.net/...

Here is set forth the truth concerning four horrible crimes which devils commit against infants, both in the mother’s womb and afterwards.  And since the devils do these things through the medium of women, and not men, this form of homicide is associated rather with women than with men, And the following are the methods by which it is done.

The Canonists treat more fully than the Theologians of the obstructions due to witchcraft; and they say that is witchcraft, not only when anyone is unable to perform the carnal act, of which we have spoken above; but also when a woman is prevented from conceiving, or is made to miscarry after she has conceived. A third and fourth method of witchcraft is when they have failed to procure an abortion, and then either devour the child or offer it to a devil.

Of these abominations is the fact that certain witches, against the instinct of human nature, and indeed against the nature of beasts, with the possible exceptions of wolves, are in the habit of devouring and eating infant children.

The Malleus Maleficarum: or Hammer of Witches, Part I, Question 11, That Witches in Various Ways Kill the Child Conceived in the Womb, and Procure an Abortion; or if they do not this Offer Newborn Children to Devils. (1484), by Heinrich Godfrey Kramer and Jacob Sprenger, Catholic Dominican Inquisitors.

(The Malleus was written as a text for the witch inquisitions in response to Pope Innocent VIII’s papal bull to formalize a plan of action against the Catholic Church’s paranoia of a worldwide conspiracy of witches and Satan. It became the encyclopedia for inquisitors and courts throughout Europe to identify, accuse, torture convictions from, and execute women as witches over the next three centuries. It even, for a brief time, spread to the Calvinist American colonies. The Church was never censored nor condemned for this holocaust against women.)

PART XIV: PUNISHING EVE

The Christian religious leaders at the time of the conversion of Roman Emperor Constantine inherited a world power where magic was part of everyday life. “The ideas about magic that flourished in medieval Europe came from various sources. Magical beliefs and practices from the classical culture of the Mediterranean regions mingled with beliefs and practices of Germanic and Celtic peoples from northern Europe. Medieval Christians borrowed notions about magic from the Jews in their midst or from Muslims abroad. It is sometimes hard to distinguish precisely where a specific belief arose, but to understand the overall patterns we must be aware of these borrowings from diverse cultures.”[1]

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... and then they invented witches

This series focuses on the region from where the roots of Western Judaic and Christian civilization of today are traced: the northeastern, eastern, and southeastern region surrounding the Mediterranean  from Greece, Turkey, Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Palestine,  Jordan, Iraq, (western) Iran, and Egypt).  A similar evolution and change happened in the (farther) East that became dominated by Islam and Hinduism.

To read the entire Punishing Eve series, posted to date, go to: http://www.janetwise.net/...

Whether the belief that there are such beings as witches is so essential a part of the Catholic faith that obstinately to maintain the opposite opinion manifestly savors of heresy.

To commence, the expressions of the Canon must be treated of in detail. For the divine in many places commands that witches are not only to be avoided, but also they are to be put to death, and it would not impose the extreme penalty of this kind if witches did not really and truly make a compact with devils in order to bring about real and true hurts and harms. For in the 18th chapter of Deuteronomy it is commanded that all wizards and charmers are to be destroyed. Also the 19th chapter of Leviticus says: The soul which goeth to wizards and soothsayers to commit fornication with them, I will set my face against that soul, and destroy it out of the midst of my people. And again, 20: A man, or woman, in whom there is a pythonical or divining spirit dying, let them die: they shall stone them. Those persons are said to be pythons in whom the devil works extraordinary things.

The Malleus Maleficarum: or Hammer of Witches, Part I, Question 1, Whether the Belief that there are such Beings as Witches is so Essential a Part of the Catholic Faith that Obstinacy to maintain the Opposite manifestly savours of Heresy. (1484), by Heinrich Godfrey Kramer and Jacob Sprenger, Catholic Dominican Inquisitors,

(The Malleus was written as a text for the witch inquisitions in response to Pope Innocent VIII’s papal bull to formalize a plan of action against the Catholic Church’s paranoia of a worldwide conspiracy of witches and Satan. It became the encyclopedia for inquisitors and courts throughout Europe to identify, accuse, torture convictions from, and execute women as witches over the next three centuries. It even, for a brief time, spread to the Calvinist American colonies. The Church was never censored nor condemned for this holocaust against women.)[1]

PART XIII: PUNISHING EVE

Priestess of Delphi
Priestess of Delphi
All ancient cultures ascribed to their goddesses and gods the powers of nature of which they did not understand. And within all cultures, certain people would emerge who were believed to have powers to communicate with the goddesses and gods to control droughts, or floods, to stop a pestilence that threatened the food supply. They could read the position of the moon or the sun or the course of the stars, the new moon or the eclipse of the moon to succor, or predict advantageous times to plan marriages, or build a house. In the old cultures, these gifted people were often the priestesses who served the Goddess.

Perhaps the most well known priestesses from more recent times, who delivered prophecies, were in classical Greece at the renowned site at Delphi. According to the Homeric-hymn to the Pythian, Apollo shot his first arrow as an infant. The arrow effectively slew the serpent Pytho, the son of Gaia, the earth Goddess, who guarded the sacred site at Delphi. To atone for the murder of Gaia's son, Apollo was forced to fly away. He was to spend eight years in menial service before he could return forgiven. A festival, the Septerla, was held every year, at which the whole story was recreated: the slaying of the serpent, and the flight, atonement, and return of the god.  The priestess(es) of the oracle, known as Pythia, exerted considerable influence throughout the Greek world, and were consulted before all major undertakings: wars, the founding of colonies, etc. Pythia was also known and respected far and wide by the semi-Hellenic countries around the Greek world, including early Rome and Egypt.

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This series focuses on the region from where the roots of Western Judaic and Christian civilization of today are traced: the northeastern, eastern, and southeastern region surrounding the Mediterranean  from Greece, Turkey, Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Palestine,  Jordan, Iraq, (western) Iran, and Egypt).  A similar evolution and change happened in the (farther) East that became dominated by Islam and Hinduism.

To read all of the series posted to date, and other Zeitgeist Change Commentaries, as well as about the novels written by Janet Wise, go to http://www.janetwise.net/...

Note: The term androcracy is used to describe a social system ruled through force, or threat of force by men. This term derives from Greek root words Andros or “man,” and kratos (as in democratic), or “ruled.”

PART XII: PUNISHING EVE

Smashing idolatry
Smashing idolatry (the Goddess Asherah
At this point, it is necessary to back up in history. As has already been discussed: beginning in about 3900 B.C.E. and for the next three thousand years, the androcratic cultures stamped out the animistic Goddess-worshipping Neolithic; however, many cultural practices and beliefs were retained from the Neolithic matriarchate within those of the conquering patriarchal/androcratic invaders. Belief in the power the goddesses and gods held over human affairs, and beliefs in the manner in which communication between gods and humans took place was the very foundation of the cultures of the Greeks, Romans, and Hebrews. And while the Hebrew Old Testament (and Hebrew culture) that worshipped a monotheistic male God, spawned Christianity – a religion also based on, and steeped in, supernatural ‘miracles’, once Rome became Christianized (at the point of a sword) it became necessary for Christian thinkers to differentiate between ‘good magic’ and ‘bad magic.’ For though millennium had passed since the first invasions of the nomadic Steppes androcratic invaders into the stable agricultural lowlands of Neolithic societies had taken place, scientific knowledge of the forces of nature were still in a primitive state, thus the basis of the monotheistic-god worshipers was also based on legends of magic to explain, rationalize, and give supernatural power to the stories of their religion. In order to totally unseat the Goddess, and legitimatize the monotheistic male God (the enslaving of women, stealing all property and wealth from matriarch-based societies, and putting men and their male god in charge) He had to have bigger ‘magic’ than She (had).

We’ve already talked about how Genesis ‘recreated creation’; changing the Sumerian legend to create man in the image of his god, replacing woman in the image of her goddess, and putting a man in charge and enslaving woman; and how the Old Testament (Leviticus) made sex with a woman and her act of giving birth ‘unclean’—both acts that were revered by the goddess worshipping Neolithic. But perhaps nowhere in the Old Testament was there a tale more dramatic and the wresting of power from the old religion more final, violent, and lasting, than the prophet Elijah challenging the gods and goddesses of Jezebel, the foreign princess bride of King Ahab, of Israel, and finally gruesomely murdering the foreign queen.

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August 6, 2013

United States Senator Mark Udall

RE: The precarious status of the Constitution of the United States

Dear Senator Udall:

AMENDMENT IV of the United States Constitution:

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized

The meaning of these words could not be more clear, or the intent of the founding fathers more succinctly stated.

What Edward Snowden has revealed to the people of America is that a secret government within our government has totally violated this Constitutional Amendment. Not only has it been violated, this secret government has secretly made this violation legal. What we now know is that in a single-superpower world, the U.S. has been building a system of global spying and surveillance on a scale never before seen in an effort to keep track of just about everyone on the planet.  It surveils not just potential future enemies, but also its closest allies as if they were enemies.  Increasingly, the structure built to do a significant part of that spying is aimed at Americans, too, and on a scale that is breathtaking. Our U.S. tax base supported mostly by the dwindling middle class has been robbed, and services direly needed by the people eviscerated, in order to build this monstrosity that sweeps up billions and billions of emails and telephone calls every single day from people around the world and in the United States who have absolutely nothing to do with terrorism. This not only demonstrates a clear lack of leadership by those elected to serve and protect, it illustrates that both of our political parties are morally bankrupt. What is also clear is that the official directorship of this massive surveillance agency has lied under oath to Congress, a felony, and that the top leadership in the Democratic Administration has lied to the American people. Our elected leadership has totally betrayed “We the People.”

As a Colorado citizen, I place this assault on the Constitutional foundation of this nation at the top of the list of any and all concerns in need of redress by our representative Congress. As a United States citizen, who has voted Democrat for thirty years, has worked on Democratic candidate electoral campaigns, and contributed financially when my employment made it possible for me to do so, I am informing you, that my confidence in Democratic Party leadership has been severely ruptured. In watching the unfolding of events since Snowden came forward with this revelation, in how the Obama Administration, and many members of the Senate and the House have responded, it has become clear that the Democratic Party has become a soulless shell that has merged into a bi-partisan surveillance-state government beholden to the campaign contributions of big banks, and the privatized DOD and intelligence industry.

The latest closing of embassies and consulates to demonstrate the dire ‘need’ for the trashing of our Constitution is accompanied with a fowl odor reminiscent of the red, orange, and yellow alerts of post 9/11. For eight straight years since 9/11, Democrats, every time there was a terrorist alert or a terrorist advisory issued by the United States government in the middle of a debate over one of the Bush-Cheney civil liberties abuses, would accuse the United States government and the national security state of exaggerating terrorism threats, of manipulating advisories, of hyping the dangers of al-Qaeda, in order to distract attention away from their abuses and to scare the population into submitting to whatever it is they wanted to do. And now, as we are in the midst of an actual debate over the dangers of excess surveillance, suddenly our Democratic Administration that has spent two years claiming that it has decimated al-Qaeda decides that there is this massive threat requiring the closing of embassies and consulates throughout the world. And within literally an amount of hours, the likes of Saxby Chambliss and Lindsey Graham join with the White House and Democrats in Congress to exploit and to insist that it shows that the NSA and these programs are necessary. As a postscript to the closing of embassies in countries such as Yemen: perhaps if President Obama stopped blowing up the people with drone missiles--people he arbitrarily places on his kill list (of a country with which we are not at war) it would not be necessary to close our embassy and evacuate Americans from that country (and others).

Of course, all thinking people are painfully aware of this secret government within our government’s ability to conduct a false-flag attack on our country to prove their point. But many of us still stand with Benjamin Franklin: “They who can give up essential liberty to obtain a little temporary safety deserve neither liberty nor safety.” We ask that our elected representatives stand with us.

As a Coloradoan, I thank all of the Colorado House Representatives—Republican and Democrat—who voted in favor of the Amash Amendment to defund this massive and egregious spy apparatus that is in violation of the U.S. Constitution. Unfortunately our Democratic President, and others in top (Democratic)  leadership positions teamed up with the neocon right wing of the GOP to defeat that amendment.

Senator Udall, as a member of the United States Select Committee on Intelligence, you are part of that secret government. While I acknowledge your and Senator Wyden’s subtle efforts to suggest this assault on our Constitution is illegal, I remind that as U.S. Senators, you have full constitutional immunity against prosecution for anything you say of the floor of the Senate. When Daniel Ellsberg was trying to get people to read the Pentagon Papers and understand the content, he tried to get Mike Gravel and other senators to go to the floor of the Senate and read them, because they would have been immune from prosecution. It took Mr. Snowden to come forward, who doesn’t have immunity, and tell the American people what is being done to them. And interestingly, when you were asked about Edward Snowden, you said, "I deplore his leaks." He had the courage to ruin his life to try to protect his country, while you, with your immunity have for all intents and purposes silently towed the bi-partisan DOD/NSA corporatized line.

I urge you to reflect on this issue, and to have the courage to stand against the forces of power in both parties who are intent on destroying the Constitution of the United States of America – who are intent on destroying a nation that once stood for freedom and liberty. I urge you to use your position and your platform to lead in defunding and dismantling this massive spy apparatus that can only be for the purpose of misuse, and is already being misused. I urge you to restore the full intent of the Constitution of the United States of America. I urge it for myself, for my fellow citizens, and for my children and grandchildren, and those of others, so that they may enjoy the country I once knew and loved.

Sincerely,

Janet Wise

 

Discuss

This series focuses on the region from where the roots of Western Judaic and Christian civilization of today are traced: the northeastern, eastern, and southeastern region surrounding the Mediterranean  from Greece, Turkey, Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Palestine,  Jordan, Iraq, (western) Iran, and Egypt).  A similar evolution and change happened in the (farther) East that became dominated by Islam and Hinduism.

To read the entire series, or other Zeitgeist Change Commentaries by Janet Wise, go to http://www.janetwise.net/...

Note: The term androcracy is used to describe a social system ruled through force, or threat of force by men. This term derives from Greek root words Andros or “man,” and kratos (as in democratic), or “ruled.”

PART XI: PUNISHING EVE

Devil having copulated with woman
Devil having copulated with woman
There is also, concerning (women) witches who copulate with devils, much difficulty in considering the methods by which such abominations are consummated. On the part of the Devil: first, of what element the body is made that he assumes; secondly, whether the act is always accompanied by the injection of semen received from another; thirdly, as to time and place, whether he commits this act more frequently at one time than at another; fourthly, whether the act is invisible to who may be standing by. And on the part of women, it has to be inquired whether only they who were themselves conceived in this filthy manner are often visited by devils; or secondly, whether it is those who were offered to devils by midwives at the time of their birth . . .

Therefore, let us now chiefly consider women; and first, why this kind of perfidy is found more in so fragile a sex than in men. And our inquiry will first be general, as to the general conditions of women; secondly, particularly as to which sort of women are found to be given to superstition and witchcraft; and thirdly, specifically with regard to midwives, who surpass all others in wickedness.

The Malleus Maleficarum: or Hammer of Witches, Part I, Question 6, Concerning Witches who Copulate with Devils; Why is it that Women are Chiefly Addicted to Evil Superstitions? (1484), by Heinrich Godfrey Kramer and Jacob Sprenger, Catholic Dominican Inquisitors[1].

 

The Church Fathers were becoming more and more corrupt and their involvement in the daily life of the laity more pernicious, as well as destructive of women. Enforcing celibacy of the clergy was a constant focus and effort of the Church. Even during the ages when a priest marrying was permitted, celibates obtained a higher reputation for sanctity and virtue than married priests, who were believed subject to demons. But gradually the restriction of clerical marriages proceeded. First, the superior holiness of the unmarried was taught. A single marriage only was next allowed, and that had to be with a woman who had never before entered into the relation. Priests who had been twice married, or whose wife had been a widow, were forbade the ordination. The Council of Orleans, consisting of thirty-two bishops, decided that monks who married should be expelled from the ecclesiastical order. The Church was termed the spouse of the priest. It was declared that Peter possessed a wife before his conversion, but that he forsook her and all worldly things after he became Christ’s, who established chastity (therefore so should priests); priests were termed holy in proportion to their opposition to marriage.

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