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You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

Tuesday May 2, 1915
From the Voices of Labor: Father Hagerty Offers a Chart of Industrial Organization

In preparation for the upcoming convention of Industrial Unionist to be held in Chicago in June, Father Thomas J. Hagerty has proposed a chart which outlines a possible structure for the new labor organization which the convention intends to establish.

Father Haggerty's Wheel, from Miners Magazine of April 20, 1905
Father Hagerty's Wheel as it appeared in the April 20th edition of Miners Magazine.
Father Hagerty's chart was included in this month's edition of the American Labor Union's Voice of Labor along with the recommendation that the chart be studied as a model of "perfect Industrial Unionism:
The Structure of Industrial System

A labor organization to correctly represent the working class must have two things in view.

First-It must combine the wage-workers in such a way that it can most successfully fight the battles and protect the interests of the working people of today in their struggle for fewer hours, more wages and better conditions.

Secondly-It must offer a final solution of the labor problem-an emancipation from strike, injunctions, bull-pens and scabbing of one against the other.

Study the Chart and observe how this organization will give recognition to control of shop affairs, provide perfect Industrial Unionism, and converge the strength of all organized workers to a common center, from which any weak point can be strengthened and protected.

Observe, also, how the growth and development of this organization will build up within itself the structure of an Industrial Democracy-a Workers' Co-Operative Republic-which must finally burst the shell of capitalist government and be the agency by which the workers will operate the industries, and appropriate the products to themselves.

One obligation for all.

A union man once and in one industry, a union man always and in all industries.

Universal emblem.

All workers of one industry in one union; all unions of workers in one big labor alliance the world over.



Rebel Voices
An IWW Anthology
 -ed by Joyce L. Kornbluh
Charles H Kerr Publishing, 1988

Father Thomas J Haggerty


See also:
Conference of Industrial Unionist


I made this edition of Hellraisers Journal short, thinking that Daily Kos was going to be down this morning. But I have continued to research, and more will be revealed later. Hagerty is found as a signer of the Manifesto and Convention Call as a representative of the American Labor Union. I believe that he was editor of the the ALU's Voice of Labor by this time, but, sadly, the Voice of Labor has not yet found its way online, and I am unable, at this time, to verify exactly when he became the editor of the Voice of Labor. The American Labor Journal merged with the Railway Employees Journal to become the Voice of Labor in January of 1905.

On the spelling of Hagerty's name: notwithstanding that his name is spelled "Haggerty" at the IWW web site, I am now prepared to say that his name should be spelled "Hagerty." Hagerty's wheel appeared in the May 1905 issue of the Voice of Labor signed: Thos. J. Hagerty. His name also appears as Hagerty in the stenographic report of the founding convention of the IWW.


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I am down at the Fleetwood whenever they want to put me in jail for violation of the law.
Come along for me, come.
There is coming a day when I will take the whole bunch of you and put you in jail.
-Mother Jones

Saturday May 1, 1915
Indianapolis, Indiana - Mother Jones Thinks of "Her Boys" on Her Birthday

From today's Indianapolis Star:

Mother Jones, 83 Today, Thinks of "Her Boys"

Mother Jones in West Virginia Military Bastille, 1913
Mother Jones in the Military Bastile
at Pratt, West Virginia, 1913
"I have spent one birthday in jail and missed spending the last one by only a few hours, but I'd be willing to spend all of them in prison if it would be of any help to my boys," said Mrs. Mary Jones, known as Mother Jones to thousands of admiring union labor men everywhere in America, yesterday afternoon. Mrs Jones had been at the Hotel Severin for several days and she recalled, just before she started to the Union station to take a train for Washington that today is her eighty-third birthday anniversary.

Mother Jones will spend a part of her birthday anniversary, after her arrival in Washington, with Terrance V. Powderly, former head of the Knights of Labor. Mrs. Jones said she and Powderly were "warriors together" at one time, and added that her eighty-first anniversary was spent in a military prison at Pratt. W. Va., and that she missed spending her eighty-second in a prison in Colorado only by a few hours. In both instances she had been placed under arrest for her efforts in behalf of striking miners.

[Photograph added.]

Mother Jones in the Military Bastile at Walsenburg, Colorado, 1914:
Mother Jones, Military Bastile, Walsenburg Cellar Cell, Colorado, 1914
Below the fold we offer two more articles regarding the recent trip made by Mother Jones to Indianapolis where she met with the officers of the United Mine Workers of America at the union's international headquarters in that city.
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You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

Friday April 30, 1915
Trinidad, Colorado - State Rests In Murder Trial of John R. Lawson, Union Leader

John Lawson & Mother Jones, Wichita Beacon, Kansas, Apr 22, 1915
John Lawson with Mother Jones
From the South Dakota Lead Daily Call
   of April 28, 1915:
Defense will Begin Its Part of the
Murder Case Tomorrow.

TRINIDAD, COLO.,  April 28.-...The state this morning rested in the case of John R. Lawson, the union labor leader, charged with murder in connection with the killing of Nimmo, a deputy sheriff, after a number of witnesses had testified that they had seen Lawson at Ludlow on the day of the battle when Nimmo was killed.

Below the fold, Hellraisers features reporting on the prosecution's case against John Lawson who is charged with the murder in the death of John Nimmo, a deputized mine guard who was killed as striking miners defended the Ludlow Tent Colony from attack on October 25, 1913.
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You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

Saturday April 29, 1905
Chicago, Illinois - Federal Injunction Issued Against Striking Chicago Teamsters

International Brotherhood of Teamsters, Charter with AFL
Since last Hellraisers reported on the Chicago Teamsters' Strike, that strike has been declared off, then declared on again, and has now spread across the city. Yesterday, according to the Rock Island Argus of Illinois, a federal injunction was issued against the teamsters:
Chicago, April 28.-Federal Judge Kohisaat today granted an injunction to the Employers' association restraining all persons from interfering with the movements of the association's wagons upon the streets or in the alleyways or obstructing business of members of the association. The in junction is returnable May 10. It is specifically directed against the teamsters' joint council of Chicago...

The injunction was issued on the grounds that the Employers Teaming company, is a corporation organized in West Virginia and being a corporation of a foreign state has a right to protection under the federal government. As soon as the injunction was filed in court 750 copies of the order were given to United States Marshal Ames. Six deputy marshals were called into Ames' office and given instructions to serve the papers at once.

Today, below the fold, Hellraisers features reporting on the Chicago Teamsters Strike from the Argus covering the past several days of the escalating strike situation in the city of Chicago.
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You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

Wednesday April 28, 1915
Trinidad, Colorado - Mine Guard Testifies Lawson Ordered Miners to "Shoot to Kill"


1914 Strikers Policy Committee, United Mine Workers of America John McLennan, President District 15 E. L. Doyle, Secretary-Treasurer District 15 John R. Lawson, International Board Member from District 15 Frank J. Hayes, International Vice-President
Colorado Strikers Policy Committee, United Mine Workers of America
John McLennan-President District 15, E. L. Doyle, Secretary-Treasurer District 15,
John R. Lawson-International Board Member from District 15, Frank J. Hayes-International Vice-President
Over the past two days damaging testimony has been given against John R. Lawson who is on trial for murder in the death of the mine guard, John Nimmo. Nimmo died of gunshot wounds he received while engaged in a battle, October 25, 1913, against the striking coal miners of the Southern Colorado.

Thad Sowder, mine guard and broncho buster, was fighting along side of Nimmo when Nimmo was shot. Sowder testified that he assisted the wounded mine guard to the rear and was with him when he died.

Charles Snyder is a man who appears to enjoy playing both sides against the middle, and to profit from that enterprise. Snyder has been a mine guard, then a member of the United Mine Workers, and, eventually, a bodyguard for union officers. He denies that he was paid by both sides at the same time, although he did admit, under cross examination, that he was now "indirectly in the employ of the Baldwin-Felts detective agency."

Snyder testified that Lawson ordered the miners to "shoot to kill," and that Mother Jones told the men in the Ludlow Camp: "Don't sit here like a lot of numbskulls, but get out and fight."

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The girls and women by their meetings and discussions come to understand and
sympathize with each other, and more and more easily they act together...
So we must stand together to resist, for we will get
what we can take just that and no more.
-Rose Schneiderman

Thursday April 27, 1905
From The Independent: Rose Schneiderman Tells the Story of a Cap Maker's Life

Rose Schneiderman, 1905
Rose Schneiderman
In today's edition of The Independent, Rose Schneiderman, the young leader of the New York Cloth Hat and Cap Makers Union, tells the story of her life in New York City where, at a young age, upon the death of her father, she was forced to quit school and assist with the care of her younger sister and brothers. As a young working woman, she became determined to organize her workplace, and did so in short order.

Miss Schneiderman, although only twenty-three years old, is already a member of National Board of her union, the United Cloth Hat and Cap Makers Union of North America. She has also recently joined the Women's Trade Union League of New York.

The article, "A Cap Maker's Story," was written soon after the New York City Cap Makers returned to work having successfully settled their strike against the open shop drive of their employers.

Miss Schneiderman states that working women are beginning to understand the importance of organizing and standing together to fight for better conditions:

The girls and women by their meetings and discussions come to understand and sympathize with each other, and more and more easily they act together.

It is the only way in which they can hope to hold what they now have or better present conditions.

Certainly there is no hope from the mercy of the bosses.

Each boss does the best he can for himself with no thought of the other bosses, and that compels each to gouge and squeeze his hands to the last penny in order to make a profit.

So we must stand together to resist, for we will get what we can take just that and no more.

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You cannot go at it with kid gloves; you have to get results.
-Lieutenant Karl E. Linderfelt

Monday April 26, 1915
Trinidad, Colorado - The Butcher of Ludlow Testifies Against John R. Lawson

From yesterday's Oakland Tribune:


Lieutenant Karl E Linderfelt, Butcher of Ludlow
Lieutenant Karl E Linderfelt,
Butcher of Ludlow
TRINIDAD, Colo., April 24.-Echoes of the anarchy that prevailed during Colorado's recent industrial war were heard at today's session of John R. Lawson's trial on indictments charging murder of a coal mine guard in October 1913. Lawson is a member of the United Mine Workers' International Executive committee.

K. E. Linderfelt of Ludlow was a witness for the prosecution. He and 33 armed guards were at the Ludlow section house on the afternoon the guard Nimmo was killed, Linderfelt testified. His men were supplied with 1000 rounds of ammunition each and there was considerable firing between the strikers in the tent colony and Linderfelt's men and guards scattered along the railroad embankment. A snow storm came up and the firing ceased at dark. Linderfelt had a pair or field glasses, he testified, but could not recognize any strikers, nor would he swear which side fired the first shot.

[Photograph added.]

From the Chicago Day Book of April 24, 1915:
John Lawson at Ludlow followed by mine guard, Day Book, Apr 24, 1915
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You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

Sunday April 25, 1915
From the Appeal to Reason: Testimony on the Poverty of Tenant Farmers in Texas


Tenant Farmer from Oct 1914 with text
In this week's edition of the Appeal, H. G. Creel continues his coverage of the testimony given before the Commission on Industrial Relations during the investigation into the "Land Question in the Southwest." The testimony was given during the hearings of the Commission which were held in Dallas, Texas, last month.
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It is a privilege and a duty even by sacrifice to advance our priceless cause.
-John R Lawson

Saturday April 24, !915
From the Chicago Day Book: William MacLeod Raine on the Lawson Trial

John Lawson with Louie Tikas
John Lawson with Louie Tikas
From the late edition of yesterday's Day Book comes a piece on the trial of the Colorado strike leader, John R. Lawson, by William Macleod Raine in which Raine stresses the vital issues at stake in this trial:                                                          
Upon the result of this trial hinges the question of whether citizens have a right to organize, to gather on ground legally their own, and to defend their property and their lives against the attacks of oppressors.

The legal battle is not one between the state of Colorado and Lawson, with the death of Nemo as the point of dispute. There is no pretense that Lawson actually shot Nemo. It is charged that he was the nominal leader of a large body of strikers, some of whom are suspected of having shot Nemo during one of the many strike battles.

Through their hired attorneys the coal companies and the influence back of them mean to get the last pound of flesh from the men who fought them to a finish in the recent strike.

The desire is not to convict the man who shot Nemo but the man in command of the Ludlow tent colony.

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Let every miner wear his red bandanna around his neck. It is our uniform.
-John R Lawson

Friday April 23, 1915
Trinidad, Colorado - State Appears Ready to Demand Extreme Punishment for Lawson

John Lawson & Mother Jones, Wichita Beacon, Kansas, Apr 22, 1915
John Lawson & Mother Jones
Jury selection is well under way in the trial of John Lawson as the state of Colorado appears set to demand the most extreme punishment should the jury find the miners' hero, John R. Lawson, guilty of first degree murder.

From the Nevada State Journal of April 22, 1915:


Extreme Punishment
Will Be Asked by State
Against Mine Worker Official

TRINIDAD, Colo, April 21-Rapid progress in the work of selecting a jury was made today in the trial of John R. Lawson, international executive board member of the United Mine Workers of America, charged with the murder of John Nimmo, a mine guard near Ludlow, October 25, 1913. Of the twelve men in the jury box when court adjourned tonight counsel for the state had signified that eleven were acceptable to that side. Seven of the special venire, selected by elisors, had been excused by the state after they declared they had conscientious scruples against the infliction of the death penalty. The state also used seven peremptory challenges.

Questions directed to talesman by counsel for the state related chiefly to their attitude toward the death penalty and were taken to indicate that the extreme punishment would be asked in the event a verdict of murder in the first degree was returned by the jury.


Nevada State Journal
(Reno, Nevada)
 -Apr 22, 1915

John Lawson with Mother Jones
 from Wichita Beacon of Apr 22, 1915


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The IWW has been accused of pushing women to the front. This is not true.
Rather, the women have not been kept in back, and so they have naturally moved to the front.
-Elizabeth Gurley Flynn

Thursday April 22, 1915
From the Chicago Day Book: Elizabeth Gurley Flynn Wants Women on the Picket Line

From The Day Book of April 20, 1915:

Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, Fort Wayne (IN) News of Mar 20, 1915


Elizabeth Gurley Flynn Urges
Union Men to Send Wives
and Daughters to Firing Line-
Wants 8-Hour Day by Organization.

Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, speaker for the Industrial Workers of the World at Oak hall, 220 Oak st., last night criticized the American Federation of Labor because it doesn't put women on the picket line during strikes.

[Said Miss Flynn:]

Many a time...a strike has been lost because the men didn't know enough to bring their women right out on the firing line. It isn't the police and the strikebreakers who always defeat strikers.

It's the woman who stays home and never understands what her man is fighting about-there's where the trouble is. Put the woman on the picket line. If she stays home, ignorant of the issues of the strike, with her children tugging at her skirts, and newspapers and gossips giving her a wrong idea what it's all about, she beats the strike, she and the rest of 'em like her.

IWW Women lead march to Madison Square Garden before the Pageant of the Paterson Silk Strikers, 1913
I. W. W. Women lead march to Madison Square Garden before
the Pageant of the Paterson Silk Strikers, 1913
The I. W. W. has had women right in the front line of pickets wherever we have had a strike. For this we have been accused of hiding behind women's skirts. The truth is the women push themselves to the front ahead of the men on the picket line when they once get interested.

The eight-hour movement of thirty years ago was more virile than it is today. Instead of trying to get the eight-hour workday by organization they are trying to get it by law today. Any eight-hour day you get by law isn't a real eight-hour day. They got it on the law books of Colorado. And they they found they had to strike to get the law enforced. The soldiers sent by Gov. Ammons to shoot the strikers were killing men who were on strike to get the law enforced [which labor laws the administration of Gov. Ammons, Democrat of Colorado, had failed to enforce].

The I. W. W. is for sabotage. That means working slack instead of fast. It means interfering with the quality of goods. It is an attempt of the part of the workers to limit production in proportion to pay.

Employers sabotage. They adulterate food. They mix tin and lead solutions into silks to make the product weigh more and look more valuable than it really is. The more labor lays down on the job the more work there is to be done and the less men there are in the unemployed army.

A skilled worker is a fellow waiting for some machine to run him off his job. Glass bottle blowers used to be skilled workers. It cost $500 to join the union. Now machines do the work. And in many shops the union has gone to smash.

The bosses exploit negroes, Jews, Irish, Poles in a mass, altogether. Why shouldn't these workers forget nationality, color, race and creed and fight the boss in a mass, altogether.


[Photographs added.]

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You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

Friday April 21, 1905
Chicago, Illinois - Actions of Coal Team Owners Likely to Spread Teamsters' Strike


Chicago Teamsters Strike, Detail, Patrol Wagons Guard Trucks, Daily Tribune, Apr 9, 1905,
Scab Trucks Escorted by Police
The city of Chicago may soon find the strike of the Teamsters spread across the city due to the actions of the Coal Team Owners who insist that they will deliver coal to Montgomery Wards & Co. come what may. Thus far, the teamsters' sympathetic strike has been confined to Montgomery Wards where the garment workers are on strike against the attempts of that company to end their union contract and impose an open shop.

Yesterday's Chicago Inter Ocean reports:

Important developments are expected in the teamsters' strike today. The trouble has reached a point where a number of teaming contractors will be forced to choose between joining hands with the Chicago Employers' association or standing with their union teamsters. Since the trouble began most of the teaming contractors have been on the fence and have refused to make deliveries to Montgomery Ward & Co.

The A. M. Forbes Teaming company yesterday delivered seven loads to Montgomery Ward & Co. with nonunion drivers under police protection. The Edwin F. Daniels Coal company delivered a load of coal, the first received at the big house since the strike was called, almost two weeks ago.

These acts have thoroughly aroused the union teamsters employed by both concerns, and despite the efforts of the leaders to confine the strike to the Ward company, the danger of its spreading is said to be more imminent this morning than it has been at any time.

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