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View Diary: More horrible anti-women cruelty in Ireland (42 comments)

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  •  I would argue that the period you cite is a period (6+ / 0-)

    where Galen and his discoveries dominated, which were during a time when human dissection was forbidden. Galen's influence continued until modern times and resulted in the loss of earlier knowledge .
    Recent archeology indicates earlier civilizations may have had antiseptic techniques superior to the Romans.
    http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/...
    http://explorable.com/...
    Related problems involve a lack of easily available information on historical nonWestern medicine and the loss of many ancient texts during the Dark Ages regarding Western medical practices.  When the Church became the repository of surviving texts, those deemed pagan were destroyed

    •  From the link you give: (5+ / 0-)
      In prehistoric times, sharpened flints and other sharp-edged devices were used to perform various surgical operations. Circumcision and other ritualistic operations were later performed with similar instruments. There are indications that in Neolithic times saws of stone and bone were used to perform amputations. Nearly all major operations were performed by the ancient Hindus nearly a thousand years before the advent of Greek medicine. Knowledge of the use of soporific potions to alleviate the pain caused by surgery can be traced to remote antiquity.

      The early Greeks and Romans practiced surgery with great skill and with such cleanliness that infection of surgical and other wounds was relatively uncommon. Their cleanliness and their use of boiled water or wine for irrigating wounds was probably suggested by Hippocrates, a competent surgeon and diagnostician of that time. Other notable early surgeons were Erasistratus and Herophilus of the medical school at Alexandria, and Galen, whose numerous treatises were long influential.

      None of these are abdominal surgeries, which place the greatest demands on surgical technique, as any contaminant inside the body cavity is in a perfect milieu for growth. The link in the wikipedia article to women surviving caesarean sections in the Talmud I believe is referring to symphysiotomies ("when they divide the loins of a woman").

      Interestingly the Hippocratic oath prohibited abdominal surgery. The original oath promises not to cut for the stone, meaning kidney stones. Kidney stones are intensely painful, and I can understand the temptation of a capable surgeon, who stitched up wounds and did amputations, to try to cut into the body to remove them, but without sterile technique any such attempt would be fatal to the patient.



      Is it true? Is it kind? Is it necessary? . . . and respect the dignity of every human being.

      by Wee Mama on Fri Nov 16, 2012 at 03:50:33 AM PST

      [ Parent ]

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