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View Diary: Does the House of Represenatives truly represent the make-up of the USA? (37 comments)

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  •  Proportional representation (0+ / 0-)

    For all seats in a state to be elected at large, in a fair way, you need some form of proportional representation.

    Early on, in American history, there were states which did not district but elected all Congressmen at large. An example is New Jersey, a state where the electorate was quite evenly divided.

    After the 1830 census, New Jersey was allocated six House seats.

    1832 6 Democrats elected with between 23,808 and 24,278 votes. 6 National Republicans (a party label used by what later became the Whig party) defeated with 23,248 to 23,784 votes.

    1834 6 Democrats elected (27,358 to 27,413 votes), 6 Whigs defeated (26,339 to 26,413 votes).

    1836 A Whig triumph! Six Congressmen, with 25,554 to 26,006 votes. The Democratic Party ticket polled between 25,287 and 25,470 votes.

    1838 The state was so evenly divided that it elected 5 Democrats and a Whig. The victorious Democratic candidates got between 28,426 and 28,492 votes (the loser got 28,315). The victorious Whig tied the fifth placed Democrat with 28,426. The other Whigs got 28,295 to 28,395 votes.

    1840 A Whig landslide (by NJ standards)! The six Whig Congressmen got between 33,229 and 33,342 votes and the six Democrats received 31,098 to 31,138 votes. The anti-slavery Liberty Party put up five candidate who received 60 to 68 votes.

    New Jersey moved to electing by districts, for its five seats in the 28th Congress (1843-1845). Four districts elected Democrats and the 5th District had an Independent Whig defeat the official Whig nominee.

    There is no man alive who is sufficiently good to rule the life of the man next door to him. Sir Rhys Hopkin Morris, M.P.

    by Gary J on Tue Nov 20, 2012 at 04:30:41 AM PST

    [ Parent ]

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