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View Diary: Origins of English: Hindi Words (122 comments)

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  •  Hmmm. The OED says that already in Middle (3+ / 0-)
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    Ojibwa, Jay C, Ahianne

    French, where we got the word, the initial "n" of orange was already gone.

    Etymology:  < Anglo-Norman and Middle French orenge (c1393 in Middle French; earlier in Anglo-Norman in phrase pume orenge (c1200), 1314 in Old French in phrase pomme d'orenge: see note below), Middle French, French orange (1515 as noun in a translation from Italian (itself translating a Portuguese source), 1553 as adjective), ultimately (probably, in spite of the chronology, via Italian arancio (c1309), arancia (a1336; also as †narancia (1598 in Florio); Italian regional (Venice) naranza, Italian regional (Reggio Emilia) naranz, Italian regional (Milan) narans) < Arabic nāranj < Persian nārang < Sanskrit nāraṅga < a Dravidian language: compare Tamil nāram, Tulu nāreṅgi. Compare also Persian nār < anār pomegranate. Compare Spanish naranja (late 14th cent.), Portuguese laranja (1377), Old Occitan arange (c1373), irange (1390), medieval Greek νεράντζιον
    •  Actually, looking at that weirdly formatted (1+ / 0-)
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      entry, it looks like the "n" was lost in Italian around 1309, and French got the word from that Italian word, "arancio," so it was always without the initial "n" in French.

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