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View Diary: Origins of English: Pagan and Heathen (53 comments)

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  •  animism and pantheism: (3+ / 0-)
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    Ojibwa, blue muon, Notreadytobenice

    Cut and paste theology from Wikipedia:

    Animism is not the same as Pantheism, although the two are sometimes confused. Some faiths and religions are even both pantheistic and animistic. One of the main differences is that while animists believe everything to be spiritual in nature, they do not necessarily see the spiritual nature of everything in existence as being united (monism), the way pantheists do. As a result, animism puts more emphasis on the uniqueness of each individual soul. In Pantheism, everything shares the same spiritual essence, rather than having distinct spirits and/or souls.

    The Catholic church regarded pantheism as heresy. Italian monk Giordano Bruno, burned at the stake in 1600 for heresy, is considered by some to be a pantheist. Baruch Spinoza's Ethics, finished in 1675, was the major source from which pantheism spread.

    For a time during the 19th century pantheism was the theological viewpoint of many leading writers and philosophers, attracting figures such as William Wordsworth and Samuel Coleridge in Britain; Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling and Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel in Germany; Walt Whitman, Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau in the USA. Seen as a growing threat by the Vatican, it came under attack 1862 in the Syllabus of Errors of Pius IX.

    Albert Einstein:  "We followers of Spinoza see our God in the wonderful order and lawfulness of all that exists and in its soul as it reveals itself in man and animal."

    The Vatican mentioned pantheism in a 2009 Papal encyclical and a 2010 New Year's Day statement, criticizing pantheism for denying the superiority of humans over nature and "seeing the source of man's salvation in nature".

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