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View Diary: "Americans React to the Poor with Disgust" (139 comments)

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  •  Nietzsche's "good" is taken from Ancient Greece (6+ / 0-)

    He basically argued that the Ancient Greeks (being a "master race") had no concept of evil as such, or at least not anything that the Abrahamic moral tradition would recognize as evil.  Instead, they believed in arete: excellence, more broadly truth to and fulfillment of the inherent nature of a thing, since every thing has its own arete.  To call a person good or bad was done in the same spirit as calling an object good or bad; did it do what it ought to do well or not?  It's a scale of quantitative superiority or inferiority.

    It's true that the ancient Greek warrior aristocracy looked down on everyone else, even the men who designed and built the Parthenon, as qualitatively inferior to themselves: their nature as men of labor, no matter how excellent they were at it, was still less noble than the nature of a man of war.  But the ancient Greeks were far from unique in that regard, and they turned it back to the older quantitative scale by arguing that war and rulership were the ingrained nature of all men, but only those gifted few will actually be able to live true to that universal nature as the rest are enslaved by them and have ignoble labor imposed upon them.

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