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Northern Cheyenne reservation in Montana.
They were in the Cheyenne camp during
the Sand Creek Massacre. Their daughter
Mary stands in the doorway.
Eighteen years later, under fresh pressure from Cambridge, faculty and students, my friend, the MacArthur Grant recipient and Western historian Patricia Limerick, was asked to investigate David Nichols, which she did in What's in a Name? Nichols Hall: A Report. Sadly that is no longer available on line. In 1989, the Nichols dormitory was finally renamed Cheyenne-Arapaho Hall. You can see a photo of Cambridge and read more about the renaming here.
Sand Creek wasn't something I learned about in my 9th grade Colorado history class, and it's something that many Coloradans and most other Americans are still unaware of.
The short version: on Nov. 29, 1864, Col. John Chivington and 700 volunteers attacked the peaceful Cheyenne-Arapahoe village on the Colorado plains and killed 150 people, mostly children, women and old men, but also a few leaders of the two tribes. They mutilated bodies, cutting off breasts and scrota for use as tobacco pouches, and rode into Denver with scalps tied to their pommels.
But let Capt. Silas Soule — who was at Sand Creek but refused to fight that day and wrote a letter about the massacre — describe what happened:
The massacre lasted six or eight hours, and a good many Indians escaped. I tell you Ned it was hard to see little children on their knees have their brains beat out by men professing to be civilized. One squaw was wounded and a fellow took a hatchet to finish her, and he cut one arm off, and held the other with one hand and dashed the hatchet through her brain. One squaw with her two children were on their knees, begging for their lives of a dozen soldiers, within ten feet of them all firing — when one succeeded in hitting the squaw in the thigh, when she took a knife and cut the throats of both children and then killed herself. ... They were all horribly mutilated. You would think it impossible for white men to butcher and mutilate human beings as they did.Soule later testified against Chivington and was murdered soon after.
One hundred thirty-five years after the slaughter, in 1999, Congress passed a resolution to establish the Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site. Subsequently, History Colorado, an organization that had been founded less than 20 years after the massacre, planned an exhibit about Sand Creek in the new building to be opened in Denver in 2012. Progress, right?
Just one problem, as Patricia Calhoun of the Denver weekly Westword wrote last week. Arapaho and Cheyenne descendants of the victims of the massacre living in Montana and Oklahoma hadn't been consulted, as they were supposed to have been, by History Colorado until just a few months before the exhibit was scheduled to open:
And when the [Northern Cheyenne] tribe was consulted, they did not like what they found. A quote from George Bent, a survivor of the massacre, had been edited beyond all meaning. Dates were wrong; spellings were incorrect. A letter written by Soule was to be featured, but it was one he'd written his mother: "I was never much of a Christian and am naturally wild. Our Col. is a Methodist Preacher and whenever he sees me drinking, gambling, stealing or murdering, he says he will write to Mother."When the Colorado state historian flew to Billings to smooth over relations with Joe Fox, the vice president of the Northern Cheyenne, he found the experience "bruising," as "consultants from all three tribes expressed their deep sense of personal pain, insult, and outrage at History Colorado's interpretation, and requested a formal apology from the lead developer and the institution's CEO."
Chivington himself seemed to be getting off easy — especially since in 1865, the congressional committee considering his actions had said it could "hardly find fitting terms to describe his conduct.... He deliberately planned and executed a foul and dastardly massacre which would have disgraced the veriest savages."
Just a month before the exhibit opened in April 2012, they got a meeting with Edward C. Nichols, a fourth generation Coloradan and CEO of History Colorado. The Northern Cheyenne wanted the exhibit not to open until it was reworked. But that didn't happen. Some modest changes were made, but when the tribe saw what was included and excluded in the exhibit, called Collision, they were deeply unhappy. Fox wrote Nichols four months after the opening, Calhoun reported, saying that Collision was still filled with "errors and omissions" and "Others reveal shabby research and a shocking lack of curatorial understanding of the massacre, the events surrounding it, and its meaning to history." He again asked for collaboration with History Colorado. Nichols wrote a letter offering consultations. And the tribe responded that it would do so, with conditions. But nothing happened. You can read the details at the link.
With the 150th anniversary of the slaughter coming up, visitors to the museum will still not get an important part of the story, the Indian side. In other words, same old, same old.
Do you know the history of the First Nations people
who once lived (or still live) near you?
Latest Updates on Kossack Regional Meet-Up News Below the New Day sunrise cloud
Let's build communities!
Every region needs a meatspace community like SFKossacks.
We take care of each other in real life.
I urge YOU to take the lead and organize one in your region.
Please tell us about it if you do and we're here for advice.
THINK GLOBALLY, ACT LOCALLY
Click >>>HERE to see a list of all the regional Kossack groups that have organized for social and activism events. There are handy links to contact each organizer to join.
>>>Instructions on HOW TO FORM A NEW DAILY KOS GROUP
Saturday, February 23rd
Motor City Kossacks Represent at the Michigan Democratic Party Convention
~Possible lunch and dinner
LOCATION: Close to Cabo Hall
TBD • Detroit
ORGANIZER: Send peregrine kate a kosmail to connect.
Latest diary: Motor City Kossacks: Attending the MI Dem Party Convention this Saturday? (Plus other news)
1. peregrine kate
Sunday, Feb. 24th
Colorado COmmunity - Denver, CO Kossack Meet-up!
TIME: 11:30 AM
2915 W 44th Ave. • Denver
ORGANIZER: Send Leftcandid a kosmail to attend.
Latest diary: Denver/Colorado Kossack MEETUP, February 24: In Which I Pester You Again!
4. Merry Light (weather permitting) & guests
Saturday, March 2nd!!
Lone Star Spring Texas State-Wide Meet-Up in Austin
TIME: 2:00-5:00 PM
LOCATION: Opal Divine's Penn Field restaurant and bar
3601 S. Congress Ave • Austin
ORGANIZER: Send nomandates Kosmail to RSVP.
3. papa monzano
5. Chrislove's BF
8. mr pea
12. mr sue sue
13. blue armadillo
17. navajo (honorary TX Kossack!)
21. Mrs. Wino
24. Urban Owl
28. Mr. entrelac
31. belinda ridgewood (honorary TX Kossack!)
32. Carol in San Antonio
34. +1 from Harris County
37. Musicman (honorary TX kossack)
39. freerad's guest
Over the Edge
yoduuuh do or do not
Austin's 84th Annual Zilker Park Kite Festival
TIME: Early Afternoon
LOCATION: Zilker Park
2100 Barton Springs Rd. • Austin
ORGANIZER: Send papa monzano Kosmail to connect at the event.
Monday, March 4th
New York City Kossacks Meet-up
TIME: 6:00 PM
LOCATION: Spitzer's Corner
101 Rivington Street (Ludlow) • NYC
ORGANIZER: Send Sidnora a kosmail to RSVP
Latest diary: Save the Date for a New York Metro Meetup, March 4!
4. brooklyn liberal
8. Rosalie 907 + friends
9. blue jersey mom
Its the Supreme Court Stupid
Batya the Toon
DailyKos readers who live and/or work in New England
(Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont)
New England Kossacks All Day Meet-up
Saturday, March 9th
ORGANIZER: Send Clytemnestra a kosmail to attend.
TIME: 1:00 - 4:00 PM
LOCATION I: SolToro in the Mohegan Sun Casino
1 Mohegan Sun Boulevard • Uncasville, CT
TIME: 7:00 - 10:00 PM
LOCATION II: Mystic Pizza
56 West Main Street • Mystic, CT
TIME: 11:00 - ? PM
LOCATION III: TBD
[Address] • [City]
Latest diary: New England Kossacks - March meet up
Sunday, March 10th
SAVE THE DATE: SFKossacks Roll Out the Red Carpet for a gilas girl
Guaymas in Tiberon: Time TBD
Meet at the Ferry Building and take the ferry to Tiberon.
Dine at Guaymas in the sun • Tiberon
Japanese Tea Garden in Golden Gate Park: Time TBD
We'll take the Ferry back to the Ferry building and then take public trans to the park • San Francisco
LOCATION III: TBD for early dinner
Address TBD • San Francisco
1. a gilas girl
3. side pocket
4. dharmasyd [lunch]
5. Meteor Blades
6. Glen the Plumber
10. Cali Scribe
11. Mr. Scribe
13. no way lack of brain
no way lack of brain
Kansas & Missouri KossacksFriday, March 15th
Kansas & Missouri Kossacks Meet-up
LOCATION: Free State Brewing Company
636 Massachusetts Street • Lawrence
ORGANIZER: Send tmservo433 a kosmail to attend.
Latest diary: [Diva waiting...]
Mid-March - Boston Kossacks First Meet-up
Boston Kossacks First Meet-up
TIME: Possibly 2:00 PM, stay tuned
LOCATION: The Border Cafe
32 Church Street • Cambridge
ORGANIZER: Send GreyHawk a kosmail to attend.
Latest diary: Boston Kossacks - 1st Meetup
Dkos Asheville's First Meet-up
LOCATION: The Bywater
796 Riverside Dr. • Asheville
ORGANIZER: Send randallt a kosmail to attend.
Latest diary: [Diva waiting...]
3. Otteray Scribe
5. people power granny
9. GordonNC (UID 5123 & City Councilman)
13. Captain Sham
14. Sandy on Signal
Land of Enchantment
alicia (plus two)
From randallt: "DKos Asheville is hosting a meet up and we've managed to cast a wide net! Asheville NC is the epicenter of cool progressive in the heart of the mountains and we have folks traveling from Eastern Tennessee, the Southern Highlands and Charlotte. So don't let the distance keep you away, come to Asheville, sign up today! You know you want to."
Netroots Nation 2013 in San Jose: Plenary Session Table Reservations
June 20th - 23rd • REGISTER HERE
1. side pocket [First Lieutenant]
2. mrs. side pocket
6. Cali Scribe
7. Glen the Plumber
10. Mrs. jotter
4. boran2 (Honorary)
Native American Netroots:
2. Meteor Blades
4. no way lack of brain
6. Kitsap River
7. Charles Curtis Stanley
Central Valley Kossacks:
6. Caddis Fly
Lone Star Kossacks:
Cheers & Jeers:
1. Bill in Portland Maine
2. Common Sense Mainer
5. Spousal Unit
Los Angeles Kossacks:
5. Dave in Northridge
NYC and beyond:
2. belinda ridgewood
3. belinda ridgewood's guest
Community Quilt Project:
1. Sara R
4. ramara (Arizona)
5. Horace Boothroyd III
Hopefully we can put together whole tables for them.
Military Community Members:
3. angelajean (Maybe)
Misc. registered Kossacks + regions:
Community Quilt Project NN13 Flash Mob Photo
smileycreek is organizing and asking all Community Quilt recipients to bring their quilts to NN13. We'll assemble at a pre-designated location and time for a group photo with one of the NN13 professional photographers. It will be a group hug celebrating one of the most beloved community building projects we have here at Daily Kos with Sara R and winglion at the center of it. navajo and Glen the Plumber are going to scout out and select a location in advance for all to meet with their quilts for a memorable photo opportunity. Stay tuned.
Date: TBD Time: TBD
2. Dave in Northridge
8. llbear (not attending, quilt only)
9. Patriot Daily News Clearinghouse (may not attend)
10. Smoh (not attending, quilt only)
12. belinda ridgewood
15. Kitsap River
16. Charles Curtis Stanley
Send navajo a kosmail if you post a diary about an event so we can update our round-up.
Okay. Floor's open.
Tell us what you are doing on this NEW DAY?