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Top o' the Tuesday to ya, Bombtemps!

Interrogatories

Is there anything special you are looking forward to right now? Is there anybody that you envy? What have you learned recently? It's National Spinach Day, how do you like your spinach? Do you ever practice austerity in your own life, such as cutting back on chocolate or coffee?

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On This Day

In 1812, Boston Gazette cartoon coined the term "gerrymander" to describe the oddly shaped electoral districts designed to help incumbents win reelection, naming it after governor Elbridge Gerry, who used that method to win his reelection.

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In 1831, the Book of Mormon was first published.

In 1962, the Supreme Court ruled in the case of Baker v. Carr, that redistricting issues present justiciable questions, thus enabling federal courts to intervene in and to decide reapportionment cases.

In 1971, East Pakistan declared its independence from Pakistan, forming the People's Republic of Bangladesh, signaling the start of the Bangladesh Liberation War.

In 1977, Elvis Costello released his first single, Less Than Zero.

In 1997, the bodies of 39 members of a cult called Heaven's Gate who had committed suicide were discovered inside a mansion in Rancho Santa Fe, CA.

In 1999, Dr. Jack Kevorkian was convicted of second-degree murder for giving a lethal injection to a terminally ill man whose death was shown on "60 Minutes."

In 2011, more than 250,000 people took to London's streets to protest the toughest spending cuts since World War II.

Born on This Day

1692 - Jean II Restout, French painter (d. 1768)

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1753 – Benjamin Thompson, American physicist and inventor (d. 1814)

1773 – Nathaniel Bowditch, American mathematician and navigator (d. 1838)

1794 – Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld, German painter (d. 1872)

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1809 - William Henry Bartlett, British artist (d. 1854)

Jeebus, dude! If you like her so much, go ask her out!

1811 - Prosper Marilhat, French painter (d. 1847)

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1842 - Arthur B. Parton, American landscape painter (d. 1914)

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1867 - Stanislaw Noakowski, Polish artist (d. 1928)

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1874 – Robert Frost, American poet (d. 1963)

1881 – Guccio Gucci, Italian businessman and fashion designer (d. 1953)

1904 – Joseph Campbell, American author (d. 1987)

1905 – Viktor Frankl, Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist (d. 1997)

1911 – Tennessee Williams, American dramatist (d. 1983)

1912 - Peter Purves Smith, Australian painter (d. 1949)

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1914 – William Westmoreland, American military commander (d. 2005)

1916 – Sterling Hayden, American actor (d. 1986)

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1919 – Strother Martin, American actor (d. 1980)

1925 – James Moody, American jazz musician (d. 2010)

1930 – Gregory Corso, American poet (d. 2001)

1930 – Sandra Day O'Connor, retired Supreme Court Justice

1931 – Leonard Nimoy, American actor and director (this is a rerun)

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1934 – Alan Arkin, American actor

1935 – Mahmoud Abbas, Palestinian statesman

1940 – James Caan, American actor

1940 – Nancy Pelosi, American Congresswoman

1943 – Bob Woodward, threatened American journalist

1944 – Diana Ross, American singer (The Supremes)

1948 – Richard Tandy, British keyboardist (Electric Light Orchestra)

1948 – Steven Tyler, American singer (Aerosmith)

1950 – Teddy Pendergrass, American singer (Harold Melvin & The Blue Notes) (d. 2010)

1950 – Martin Short, Canadian comedian

1953 – Elaine Chao, American, 24th United States Secretary of Labor (Republican), who is inexplicably married to Mitch McConnell. :::shudder:::

1953 – Lincoln Chafee, American politician, last of the reasonable (ex) Republicans

1960 – Jennifer Grey, American actress

1968 – James Iha, American musician (The Smashing Pumpkins and A Perfect Circle)

1973 – Lawrence E. Page, American computer scientist, co-Founder of Google.

Died on This Day

1649 – John Winthrop,English lawyer and second governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony

1697 – Godfrey McCulloch, Scottish politician and murderer (b. 1640)

1785 - Lazare Bruandet, French landscape painter (b. 1755)

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1814 – Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, French physician, namesake of the guillotine (b. 1738)

1827 – Ludwig van Beethoven, German composer (b. 1770) a little ditty from his teen idol AM radio days… ;-P

1892 – Walt Whitman, American poet (b. 1819)

1901 - Virgilio Tojetti, Italian born American painter (b. 1849)

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1902 – Cecil Rhodes, English explorer (b. 1853)

1905 – Maurice Barrymore, American actor (b. 1849)

1907 - Léon Richet, French landscape painter (b. 1847)

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1912 - Mykola Pymonenko, Ukranian painter (b. 1862)

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1923 – Sarah Bernhardt, French actress (b. 1844)

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1933 – Eddie Lang, American jazz musician (b. 1902)

1959 – Raymond Chandler, American-born novelist (b. 1888)

1969 – John Kennedy Toole, American author (b. 1937)

1973 – Noël Coward, English composer and playwright (b. 1899)

1973 – Don Messer, Canadian fiddler (b. 1909)

1983 – Anthony Blunt, British art historian and spy (b. 1907)

1984 – Ahmed Sékou Touré, African political leader and President of Guinea (b. 1922)

1995 – Eazy-E, American rapper (N.W.A) (b. 1963)

1996 – Edmund Muskie, American politician (b. 1914)

2003 – Daniel Patrick Moynihan, American politician and sociologist. (b. 1927)

2004 – Jan Berry, American musician (Jan and Dean) (b. 1941)

2004 – Jan Sterling, American actress (b. 1921)

2005 – Paul Hester, Australian drummer (Split Enz, Crowded House)

2006 – Nikki Sudden, British singer-songwriter (Jacobites and Swell Maps) (b. 1956)

2011 – Geraldine Ferraro, American congresswoman and vice-president nominee (b. 1935)

2011 – Diana Wynne Jones, British writer (Howl's Moving Castle) (b. 1934)

Today is

Legal Assistants Day
Make Up Your Own Holiday Day
National Spinach Day
National Nougat Day

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