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I recently came across an old English music hall joke. A young Irish lad was warmly welcomed into an English pub , but after a few drinks the boy got a sad look about him. He explained he appreciated the comradeship, but missed his corner pub back home. “The first time you set foot in the place”, he explained , “they'd buy you a drink, then another, all the drinks you like. Then when you've finally had enough, they'd take you upstairs and make sure you get laid.” The English patrons were skeptical, and the barkeep asked how many times the Irish lad had experienced this welcome. “Never”, he admitted.“But it happened to my sister quite a few times.” Is that a racist joke?

After almost thirty years of successful publishing in Glasgow, Scotland, Belfast, Ireland, and Manchester and London, England, James Henderson finally hit the mother lode in a penny tabloid weekly magazine, “Our Young Folks Weekly Budget”. Its 16 pages of action art work and adventure fiction dominated the youth market through various incarnations for 26 years.( Henderson paid Robert Louis Stevens a pound per column for “Treasure Island”, which he serialized in “Young Folks”). And each noon, the savvy capitalist would meet with his editors, issuing detailed instructions for the flurry of newspapers and magazines – even a line of picture post cards - that cascaded from 169 Red Lion Court, Fleet street, each seeking to replicate “Young Folks” profit. Henderson had stumbled upon the concept of a speciality market.
A London Bobby asks two drunks for their names and addresses. The first answers, “I'm Paddy O'Day, of no fixed address.” And the second replies, “I'm Seamus O'Toole, and I live in the flat above Paddy.”
Beginning in 1831 royal taxes on newspapers were lowered by three-fourths. The response was instantaneous. New papers popped up like mushrooms after a rain. The industrial revolution was bringing people into the cities, and putting coins in their pockets. For the first time in history, that created consumers, which made advertising profitable (i.e. capitalism). More papers encouraged more people to read. By 1854, out of a population of 28 million, weekly newspaper sales in England had topped 122 million a year. In 1857 the last newspaper taxes were finally eliminated, triggering yet another wave – daily newspapers. It was this new customer vox populi that James Henderson and Sons were riding to success.
Paddy: Is your family in business? Seamus; Yes, iron and steel. My mother irons and my father steals
In December of 1874, Henderson created the first humor magazine in England, a sort of Victorian Daily Show in print, called “Funny Folks, The Comic Companion to the Newspaper”. The cover art for the first issue was drawn by John Proctor, who signed his work, “Puck”. “Funny Folks” proved so successful that Henderson released an entire line of humor magazines - “Big Comic”, “Lot-O-Fun” “Comic Life”, “Scraps and Sparks”. In 1892 came Henderson's most popular humor magazine, “Nuggets”
Bobby: “Madam, I could cite you for indecent exposure, walking down the street with your breast exposed like that.” Irish lass: “Holy Mary and Joseph, I left the baby on the bus.”
Like “Funny Folks”, Nuggets had its own featured artist, T.S. Baker, and his most popular creation was an Irish family living “in contented poverty” in South London - the Hooligans. The father, P. Hooligan, was a would-be entrepreneur, a member of the Shamrock Lodge. And his every scheme in some way involved his wheelbarrow, and the family goat. Mrs. Hooligan was fashion conscious, but always copying far above her economic station. And there were, of course, a hoard of unnamed ginger haired children about. It seems impossible to believe that the current term for violent law breakers, practitioners of practical anarchy, had its source with this gentle Irish family imitating proper Victorian society, but indeed, this is where the word originated - in the nine year run of a cartoon Irish family, drawn by an artist of ingenious and subtle talents. In person the Hooligans don't make an obvious racist image. But what did the intended audience see in this cartoon, that a hundred plus years later, we might not? And how is being called a Paddy in 1890, different from being hit with the “N” word, today?
Whats the first thing an Irish lass does in the morning? She walks home
The bigotry towards Ireland seems to have started about a thousand years ago, with Gerald of Wales, the ultra-orthodox chaplain to the English King Henry II, who joined his monarch in the church endorsed invasion of Ireland, and with his observation of the locals. “This is a filthy people, wallowing in vice. They indulge in incest, for example in marrying – or rather debauching – the wives of their dead brothers.” One would think a clergyman who had studied logic in Paris would have remembered Deuteronomy 25:5 - “...her husband's brother shall go in to her, and take her to him to wife, and perform the duty of a husband's brother to her.” I guess it's easier to butcher people, if you can manage to despise them for whatever reason.
What do you call an Irishman with half a brain? Gifted
Illogically the English originally justified their oppression of the Irish because they were bringing them Catholicism. Then after their own Protestant reformation, the English used Catholicism to denigrate the Irish, calling them “cat licks” and “mackerel snappers” who ate fish on Fridays. With time the insults came to include local terrain (bog trotters) physical characteristics (carrot top), perceived laziness (narrow backs) and diet (potato heads, spud fuckers and tater tots for the children). Irish jokes (read insults) were standard fare in English music halls from the 1850's on, and always good for a laugh. And it was from this racism that the sophisticated simplicity of the Hooligans achieved something approaching an art form.
“What's the difference between an Irish wedding and an Irish wake? One drink.”
James Henderson, and his son Nelson, may have been racists. History has failed to record their opinions outside of the business decisions they made. And it may be valid to label them with the black mark because of the Hooligans. And they did publish worse. But then they were publishers, not social activists. And like a music hall comic who told Irish jokes, they provided the public what the public wanted, or else they could not remain in business. Morality is an affect, not an effect. So were these purveyors of racist anti-Irish humor racists, or were they merely businessmen? And did the Hooligans transcend racism because it was so well done? You might as well ask Norman Lear if Archie Bunker made life easier for African Americans by calling them “jungle bunnies” on national television. In fact that question has been asked
“Paddy, he said you weren't fit to associate with pigs, but I stuck up for you. I said you most certainly were.”
Its hard for me to dismiss the Hooligans because they make me smile, and because they were a loving respectful family, and because they were always striving. But mostly because they make me smile. Why I laugh at them, tells a story about me, not them. It is a lesson every artist must learn at some point, the sooner the better. What is put on the page, is rarely what is seen there. It is the job of the artist to limit confusion. But you can never be completely understood. The most you can consistently hope to achieve is to entertain. Enlightenment is the responsibility of the reader, not the writer.
Bobby; "Where were you born?" Paddy; "Dublin". Bobby; "What part?"   Paddy; "All of me."
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POLITICO 1/26/13: Budget Committee Chairman Paul Ryan predicted Saturday...“tepid growth and deficits” under...Obama. What else did Ryan predict for America?

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Comment Preferences

  •  The Hooligans sound like "The Simpsons". (1+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:

    Funny is always funny and it's often at someone's expense. Ireland is at the top of the list for alcohol consumption but so is France.

    Thanks for the laughs. I liked the "iron and steal".

    We're fools whether we dance or not, so we might as well dance.

    by PowWowPollock on Sun Jan 27, 2013 at 07:13:49 AM PST

  •  interesting aspect of the humor as with (3+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    Smoh, viral, Crashing Vor

    much ethnic and racial humor is that the humor does not necessarily rely upon the race or ethnicity of the characters.  For example, the pub joke at the beginning works w/o any mention of the Irish.  The same for many racial jokes.  I guess the question as to if a joke is offensive depends on if the reference to ethnicity or race is purely gratuitous

    •  Either purely gratuitous (1+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:

      or based on a common stereotype.

      In the case of that joke, I think the stereotype involved is some combination of "Irish girls are easy" and "Irish people are dumb".

    •  Johnny Carson asked viewers to send in jokes (1+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:

      about the people in the city/state/country "next door." They were all the same jokes. My favorite was from a Kentuckian: "What have 75% of Tennessee high school students tried before they graduate? Soap."

      Republicans represent both sides: the insanely rich and vice versa.

      by Crashing Vor on Sun Jan 27, 2013 at 10:47:24 AM PST

      [ Parent ]

  •  I always preface my ethnic humor (0+ / 0-)

    by saying "I'm a [fill in the blank] so I can tell this one."  

    "The light which puts out our sight is darkness to us." Thoreau

    by NancyWH on Sun Jan 27, 2013 at 11:09:40 AM PST

  •  I know some of these jokes as... (0+ / 0-)

    Blonde ones.

    Q. What's the first thing a blonde does in the morning?
    A. Gets Dressed, goes home.

    Q.What do you call a blonde with half a brain?
    A. Gifted.

    Q. How do you know a blonde has been using your word processor?
    A. There's white-out all over the screen. (do the kids even know what white-out is anymore??)

    Of course in America, most blonde jokes were old Polak jokes.

    And of course in an ever changing joke-universe, we can replace race/gender/etc with teabager!

    Did you hear about the teabagger who learned that most accidents happen with in 10 miles of there home, so they moved!

    A teabagger is flying home and the pilot anounces over the intercom "we just lost eninge number 4, but don't let that worry you the plane can fly just fine on 3 engines we will just be flying a bit slower and our arrival will be delayed."

    A bit later on the same things happen to engines 3 and 2.

    Frustrated by these anouncements the teabagger exclaims, "Lord I hope we don't lose engine number 1 or we'll be stuck up here all night!"

  •  I only know bad ones. (0+ / 0-)

    very, very, very bad ones like:

    Sticky and brown,
    it lies on the ground.

    What is it?

    A stick.

    Grandpa told me that one more than 40 years ago, and it still makes me laugh.  Then he taught me some curse words and how to pull off the one cheek squeak at the dinner table.

    A gentleman and a scholar, he was.

    I see a very beautiful planet that seems very inviting and peaceful. Unfortunately, it is not.…We're better than this. We must do better. Cmdr Scott Kelley

    by wretchedhive on Sun Jan 27, 2013 at 01:02:35 PM PST

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