Canadian pipeline giant Enbridge has found ways to circumvent the obstruction to the xl pipeline by pursuing construction of new pipelines which do not require the US governments approval.
Enbridge reached the 100,000-barrel-a-day milestone for the oil sands crude after completing a pipeline expansion last month, Enbridge President and CEO Al Monaco said Tuesday during an interview with FuelFix.[...]
Prior to Enbridge’s expansions and changes to its pipeline system, only small amounts of crude from Canadian oil sands made it either by rail or through small pipelines to the world-class refineries along the Gulf Coast that specialize in processing such oil, Monaco said.
The Seaway pipeline, which runs from Cushing to Freeport, formerly moved oil north, but Enterprise and Enbridge spent $300 million to reverse its flow because booming production from shale and Canadian oil sands created a glut of landlocked oil in the middle of North America. The reversal also incorporated modifications that increased the Seaway’s capacity from 150,000 barrels a day to 400,000 barrels a day.We must face reality. We tend to focus on reducing the supply of dangerous fossil fuels rather than trying to reduce demand for their use. We will lose this fight if we don't consider that market forces will find a way to supply if the demand exists. We must consider both reducing supply and also reducing demand in our personal lives.
Enbridge and Enterprise also are collaborating on a new $2 billion pipeline that will run parallel to the existing Seaway line and will add another 450,000 barrels of southbound oil shipping capacity from Cushing.
my update to comments: This post is not to discourage opposition to the xl pipeline. I was in DC protesting. This is to gain full knowledge of our enemy in this fight