Skip to main content

You..ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
                                                      -Mother Jones

Friday May 15, 1903
Pennsylvania - The Breaker Boys

According to the laws of Pennsylvania, no child under the age of 12 is to be employed outside the mine. However, the miners living in poverty as they do, must often make the choice between perjury and hunger. Young boys can be found hunched over the chutes picking the impurities from the coal. They sit in this hunched position for long hours breathing the coal dust into their young lungs. They receive from 27 to 39 cents for a 10-hour day. Should a young boy fall into the chute, he will most certainly be crushed to death.

History of the Labor Movement in the United States Vol 3
The Policies and Practices of the American Federation of Labor 1900-1909

-by Philip S Foner
International Pub, 1981

Thursday May 15, 1913
Paterson, New Jersey - Patrick Quinlan, I.W.W. Leader on Trial

Pat Quinlan was arrested along with Elizabeth Gurley Flynn and Carlo Tresca the day that the three of them arrived in Paterson. They were charged with inciting the strikers to assault. If convicted Fellow Worker Quinlan could get seven years. The trial of Gurley Flynn is set to begin later this week. Meanwhile, mass arrests of strikers continue. Most of those arrested cannot afford to pay the $5.00 fine, and must serve the 10 days jail-time.

SOURCE
(pdf!)http://query.nytimes.com/...

Wednesday May 15, 2013
U.S.A. - Federal Child Labor Laws give many "exemptions" to big growers.

There are laws, for sure, but there are more "exemptions" than your humble diarist can keep track of:

The Federal Child Labor Provisions in Agriculture Do Not:

require minors to obtain “working papers” or “work permits,” though some States do;

limit the number of hours or times of day (other than outside of school hours) that young farm workers may legally work, though a few States do.
And more "exemptions":
Minimum Wage
Covered minor employees must be paid at least the statutory minimum wage for all hours worked unless otherwise exempt or employed under conditions discussed below. The minor’s pay may be computed on the basis of an hourly rate, a piece rate, a day rate, a salary, or any combination thereof – but the minor’s hourly earnings must average at least the applicable minimum wage.
Employees under 20 years of age may be paid $4.25 per hour during their first consecutive 90 calendar days of employment with an employer. Certain full-time students, student learners, apprentices and workers with disabilities may be paid less than the minimum wage under special certificates issued by the Department of Labor.
Under Section 13(a)(6)(A) of the FLSA, any employer in agriculture who did not utilize more than 500 "man days" of agricultural labor in any calendar quarter of the preceding calendar year is exempt from the minimum wage and overtime pay provisions of the FLSA for the current calendar year. A "man day" is defined as any day during which an employee performs agricultural work for at least one hour.
Overtime
Agricultural employees are not subject to the overtime provisions of the FLSA [see Section 13(b)(12)].
3
Emphasis added, and more and more exemptions to be found in the full document!

SOURCE
(pdf!)http://www.dol.gov/...

Human Rights Watch
US: End Child Labor in the Fields
http://secure.hrw.org/...

Human Rights Watch on youtube
http://www.youtube.com/...

Originally posted to Hellraisers Journal on Wed May 15, 2013 at 11:00 AM PDT.

Also republished by Invisible People, In Support of Labor and Unions, and Anti-Capitalist Chat.

EMAIL TO A FRIEND X
Your Email has been sent.
You must add at least one tag to this diary before publishing it.

Add keywords that describe this diary. Separate multiple keywords with commas.
Tagging tips - Search For Tags - Browse For Tags

?

More Tagging tips:

A tag is a way to search for this diary. If someone is searching for "Barack Obama," is this a diary they'd be trying to find?

Use a person's full name, without any title. Senator Obama may become President Obama, and Michelle Obama might run for office.

If your diary covers an election or elected official, use election tags, which are generally the state abbreviation followed by the office. CA-01 is the first district House seat. CA-Sen covers both senate races. NY-GOV covers the New York governor's race.

Tags do not compound: that is, "education reform" is a completely different tag from "education". A tag like "reform" alone is probably not meaningful.

Consider if one or more of these tags fits your diary: Civil Rights, Community, Congress, Culture, Economy, Education, Elections, Energy, Environment, Health Care, International, Labor, Law, Media, Meta, National Security, Science, Transportation, or White House. If your diary is specific to a state, consider adding the state (California, Texas, etc). Keep in mind, though, that there are many wonderful and important diaries that don't fit in any of these tags. Don't worry if yours doesn't.

You can add a private note to this diary when hotlisting it:
Are you sure you want to remove this diary from your hotlist?
Are you sure you want to remove your recommendation? You can only recommend a diary once, so you will not be able to re-recommend it afterwards.
Rescue this diary, and add a note:
Are you sure you want to remove this diary from Rescue?
Choose where to republish this diary. The diary will be added to the queue for that group. Publish it from the queue to make it appear.

You must be a member of a group to use this feature.

Add a quick update to your diary without changing the diary itself:
Are you sure you want to remove this diary?
(The diary will be removed from the site and returned to your drafts for further editing.)
(The diary will be removed.)
Are you sure you want to save these changes to the published diary?

Comment Preferences

  •  Considering (2+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    JayRaye, MKSinSA

    the impact on health of working close to the ground among herbicide and pesticide residue, and that those impact are much worse for children than adults, this is criminal in more ways than one, but I expect most people know this already.

    You..ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes. -Mother Jones

    by northsylvania on Wed May 15, 2013 at 12:59:54 PM PDT

  •  This is literally back-breaking (1+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    JayRaye

    labor, and young bodies are not strong enough for the abuse.  I have a friend whose spine was permanently injured from agricultural labor during her PRE-TEENS -- and her parents actively encouraged her to do this, despite being able to support the famliy otherwise, under the theory that farm work was HEALTHY and would promote a good work-ethic.

    •  People make the mistake of thinking (0+ / 0-)

      "farm work" and thinking of the family farm.

      This is nothing like the family farm. This industrial agricultural work, at speeds that are harmful to even to adults, not to mention children. And then there are the herbicides and pesticides.

      I did both as a child, so I know about this first hand.

      I'm so sorry about your friend, cynndara.

      WE NEVER FORGET Aminul Islam, Bangladeshi Labor Martyr

      by JayRaye on Thu May 16, 2013 at 04:41:08 AM PDT

      [ Parent ]

Subscribe or Donate to support Daily Kos.

Click here for the mobile view of the site