You..ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
Pennsylvania - The Breaker Boys
According to the laws of Pennsylvania, no child under the age of 12 is to be employed outside the mine. However, the miners living in poverty as they do, must often make the choice between perjury and hunger. Young boys can be found hunched over the chutes picking the impurities from the coal. They sit in this hunched position for long hours breathing the coal dust into their young lungs. They receive from 27 to 39 cents for a 10-hour day. Should a young boy fall into the chute, he will most certainly be crushed to death.
History of the Labor Movement in the United States Vol 3
The Policies and Practices of the American Federation of Labor 1900-1909
-by Philip S Foner
International Pub, 1981
Thursday May 15, 1913
Paterson, New Jersey - Patrick Quinlan, I.W.W. Leader on Trial
Pat Quinlan was arrested along with Elizabeth Gurley Flynn and Carlo Tresca the day that the three of them arrived in Paterson. They were charged with inciting the strikers to assault. If convicted Fellow Worker Quinlan could get seven years. The trial of Gurley Flynn is set to begin later this week. Meanwhile, mass arrests of strikers continue. Most of those arrested cannot afford to pay the $5.00 fine, and must serve the 10 days jail-time.
Wednesday May 15, 2013
U.S.A. - Federal Child Labor Laws give many "exemptions" to big growers.
There are laws, for sure, but there are more "exemptions" than your humble diarist can keep track of:
The Federal Child Labor Provisions in Agriculture Do Not:And more "exemptions":
require minors to obtain “working papers” or “work permits,” though some States do;
limit the number of hours or times of day (other than outside of school hours) that young farm workers may legally work, though a few States do.
Minimum WageEmphasis added, and more and more exemptions to be found in the full document!
Covered minor employees must be paid at least the statutory minimum wage for all hours worked unless otherwise exempt or employed under conditions discussed below. The minor’s pay may be computed on the basis of an hourly rate, a piece rate, a day rate, a salary, or any combination thereof – but the minor’s hourly earnings must average at least the applicable minimum wage.
Employees under 20 years of age may be paid $4.25 per hour during their first consecutive 90 calendar days of employment with an employer. Certain full-time students, student learners, apprentices and workers with disabilities may be paid less than the minimum wage under special certificates issued by the Department of Labor.
Under Section 13(a)(6)(A) of the FLSA, any employer in agriculture who did not utilize more than 500 "man days" of agricultural labor in any calendar quarter of the preceding calendar year is exempt from the minimum wage and overtime pay provisions of the FLSA for the current calendar year. A "man day" is defined as any day during which an employee performs agricultural work for at least one hour.
Agricultural employees are not subject to the overtime provisions of the FLSA [see Section 13(b)(12)].
Human Rights Watch
US: End Child Labor in the Fields
Human Rights Watch on youtube