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On This Day

In 1762, Catherine the Great took over rule of Russian after Peter III's murder.

In 1917, due to anti-German sentiment during World War I, King George V officially changed the royal family's name from Saxe-Coburg Gotha to Windsor.

In 1918, Russia's Nicholas II, his wife Alexandra, and all of his children (including Anastasia, sorry Disney) were murdered by Bolsheviks.

In 1945, Allied leaders Truman, Stalin and Churchill met in Germany to discuss the fate of the defeated country.

In 1955, Disneyland had its grand opening in Anaheim, California.

In 1968, the Ba'ath Party took over rule of Iraq, installing Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr as President.

In 1998, The International Criminal Court was established to deal with crimes such as genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes. It went into force on 7/1/2002. The U.S. (who never liked to answer to anyone else's authority) was among the seven countries voting against the treaty.

Born on This Day

1763 – John Jacob Astor, German-American businessman (d. 1848)

1797 – Paul Delaroche, French painter (d. 1856)

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1871 – Lyonel Feininger, German-American painter and caricaturist (d. 1956)

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1889 – Erle Stanley Gardner, American lawyer and author (d. 1970)

1898 – Berenice Abbott, American photographer (d. 1991)

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1899 – James Cagney, American actor (d. 1986)

1910 – Barbara O'Neil, American actress (d. 1980)

1912 – Art Linkletter, Canadian-American radio and television host (d. 2010)

1917 – Phyllis Diller, American actress and comedian (d. 2012)

1918 – Red Sovine, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1980)

1920 – Gordon Gould, American physicist, inventor of the laser (d. 2005)

1921 – Mary Osborne, American jazz guitarist (d. 1992)

1921 - Acquanetta, B-movie star (d. 2004)

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1923 – John Cooper, English car designer, co-founded the Cooper Car Company (d. 2000)

1926 – Charles Champlin, American critic and writer

1928 – Vince Guaraldi, American singer-songwriter, musician, and composer (d. 1976)

1935 – Diahann Carroll, American actor

 photo DiahannCarroll.png

1935 – Donald Sutherland, Canadian actor

1939 – Spencer Davis, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Spencer Davis Group)

1947 – Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall

1947 – Wolfgang Flür, German musician (Kraftwerk)

1948 – Ron Asheton, American musician, songwriter, and actor (The Stooges, Destroy All Monsters) (d. 2009)

1950 – Phoebe Snow, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Sisters of Glory) (d. 2011)

1952 – Nicolette Larson, American singer (d. 1997)

1954 – Angela Merkel, German politician, Chancellor of Germany

1961 – Guru, American rapper, producer, and actor (Gang Starr) (d. 2010)

1966 – Lou Barlow, American singer-songwriter and musician (Deep Wound, Dinosaur Jr., Sebadoh, and The Folk Implosion)

1971 – Cory Doctorow, Canadian author and activist

Died on This Day

1497 - Benedetto Ghirlandaio, Italian painter (b. 1458)

1632 - Hendrick van Balen I, Flemish painter  (b. 1575)

1686 - Nicolaes Hals, Dutch painter and printmaker (b. 1628)

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1747 - Jacques Ignatius de Roore, Flemish painter (b. 1686)

1790 – Adam Smith, Scottish economist and philosopher (b. 1723)

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1793 – Charlotte Corday, French murderer (b. 1768)

1869 - Hanno Rhomberg, German painter (b. 1820)

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1879 – Maurycy Gottlieb, Ukrainian painter (b. 1856)

 photo MaurycyGottlieb.jpg

1881 – Jim Bridger, American mountain man and explorer (b. 1804)

1887 – Dorothea Dix, American activist (b. 1802)

1895 - Henri Pierre Picou, French painter (b.1824)

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1903 - James Abbott McNeill Whistler, American-born, British-based painter (b. 1834)

1909 - Pinckney Marcius Simons, U.S. painter (b. 1867)

1959 – Billie Holiday, American singer-songwriter and actress (b. 1915)

1959 - Alfred James Munnings, French painter of horses (b. 1878)

1959 - Hermenegildo Anglada Camarasa, Spanish painter (b. 1871)

1961 – Ty Cobb, American baseball player (b. 1886)

1967 – John Coltrane, American saxophonist and composer (Miles Davis Quintet) (b. 1926)

1974 – Dizzy Dean, American baseball player (b. 1910)

1996 – Chas Chandler, American bass player and producer (The Animals) (b. 1938)

2001 – Katharine Graham, American publisher (b. 1917)

2005 – Geraldine Fitzgerald, Irish-American actress (b. 1913)

2005 – Edward Heath, English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1916)

2006 – Mickey Spillane, American author (b. 1918)

2009 – Walter Cronkite, American journalist (b. 1916)

Today is

World Day for International Justice
Yellow Pigs Day
National Peach Ice Cream Day
Wrong Way Corrigan Day

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