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You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
                                                      -Mother Jones

Friday November 27, 1903
Telluride, Colorado- President Guy Miller Arrested Without Warrant

Guy Miller
Brother Guy Miller, President of the Telluride Miners' Union, was arrested without warrant by the San Juan County Sheriff yesterday afternoon while attempting to visit the seven union miners who were arrested Wednesday evening. We have received no word as to why Brother Miller was arrested, and it appears that he will be held indefinitely.

Meanwhile, the mine owners owe the military a debt of gratitude, for, with military protection, they plan to begin the importation of scabs from Michigan.

The strike in Telluride does not get the reporting that these brave miners deserve as the news from the Cripple Creek District seems to overwhelm all other news regarding  the Western Federation of Miners. Telluride lies about 285 miles south and east of Cripple Creek, and the strikers there, in the San Juan District, have suffered much the same as the strikers in the Cripple Creek District: military occupation, harassment and threats from the Citizens Alliance, mass arrests, and beatings.


Chicago Daily Tribune
(Chicago, Illinois)
-of Nov 27, 1903

The Cripple Creek Strike
-by Emma F Langdon
(Part I, 1st pub 1904)
NY, 1969

Photo: Rebel Graphics

Thursday November 27, 1913
Ludlow Tent Colony - Military Surrounds Camp, Colonist Lined-up, Colony Searched

Tuesday evening, in response to the confession of Zancanelli to the killing of the gunthug Belcher, General Chase ordered Captain Van Cise to surround the Ludlow Tent Colony. No one was to come in or out. Striking miner Charlie Costa and his wife, Cedlina, were not allowed in as they returned home from town. They were heard cursing the militiamen who turned them back.

The striking miners within the camp began to gather, meetings were held, threats were made. It was the ever calm, Louie Tikas, who was able to quiet down the situation.

Wednesday morning at 10:30, the entire camp was lined-up, all 1200 men, women, and children, while the camp was searched for guns and ammunition. None were found.

Today, the camp will celebrate Thanksgiving together as best they can. Italians, Greeks, and several other nationalities will share a meal, dance, play their instruments, and sing.

Buried Unsung
Louis Tikas and the Ludlow Massacre

-by Zeese Papanikolas
U of Utah Press, 1982


Wednesday November 27, 2013
More on social life within the Ludlow Tent Colony:

In the center of our tent colony was a public square where we gathered to read the bulletin board for latest reports on the strike issued by the union. We held formal gatherings here too, and an elevated platform had been erected for these meetings. For entertainment we had a large tent where frequent concerts by the miners and their families were given. John Lawson, our camp boss now in addition to his other union duties, called for volunteers to make this a happy, ideal clean camp, and hundreds offered their services for whatever he wanted them to do. He and Louie Tikas, who was Lawson's second in command when he had to be away on business, made long lists of different jobs for the approval or disapproval of all. It was agreed that whoever was elected for a certain job could pick his own helpers....

Tony Gorci was chosen as head of the musicians. Charley [Costa], Margo [Gorci] and Cedi [Costa] put me [Mary Thomas] up as greeter-singer. I was elected hands down which really pleased me and made me feel all the more at home amongst our numerous nationalities at Ludlow. Charley was to be peace maker and overseer. An American headed up the sports events and asked many of the immigrants to assist him.

Those Damn Foreigners
-by Mary T O'Neal
(Mary Thomas, resident
 of the Ludlow Tent Colony)
Minerva Book, 1971

TALIAN FESTIVAL Wildlife Lodge Park Lower Burrell Pa 1990

Quando la gente straniera
vede la bella romana
sente sbocciar primavera
sente che il cuore risana.

                - G. Micheli and R. Micheli

When foreign people
see the beautiful Roman (woman?)
feel the spring bloom
feels that the heart heals.

-translated by Google

Originally posted to Hellraisers Journal on Wed Nov 27, 2013 at 11:00 AM PST.

Also republished by In Support of Labor and Unions, Shamrock American Kossacks, Anti-Capitalist Chat, and History for Kossacks.

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Comment Preferences

  •  Che bella festa! (3+ / 0-)

    Tout es pagata
    Della minestra
    Al insalada!
    E a la fina
    Della bella festa,
    Una cigaretta,
    Per testa!

    (That Italian may be a little creaky)

    Italian workers song:

    What a beautiful feast!
    Everything is paid for
    From the soup
    To the salad!
    And at the end
    Of the beautiful feast,
    One cigarette
    Per head!

    As Lincoln put it, "Labor is prior to, and independent of, capital. Capital is only the fruit of labor, and could never have existed if labor had not first existed. Labor is the superior of capital, and deserves much the higher consideration."


    There are only two or three human stories,and they go on repeating themselves as fiercely as if they had never happened before. ~ Willa Cather

    by 4Freedom on Wed Nov 27, 2013 at 11:08:13 AM PST

  •  This bit of history is a prime example (3+ / 0-)

    of the role of police and military in being enforcers of the wealthy class. The wealthy class preserves its authority through state violence.

    "In times of universal deceit, telling the truth will be a revolutionary act." -George Orwell

    by ZhenRen on Wed Nov 27, 2013 at 12:44:46 PM PST

    •  Here's an account of the massacre (3+ / 0-)

      for those who wonder what I'm referring to:

      From Libcom:


        Ludlow was the largest of the colonies, and on the morning of April 20th 1914, troops fired into the camp with machine guns, anyone who was seen moving in the camp was targeted. The miners fired back, and fighting raged for almost fourteen hours.

          In the afternoon, a passing freight train stopped near the camp and allowed many miners and their families to escape to east to an area known as the ‘Black Hills’. After many hours of exchanging fire with the militiamen, the camps main organiser, Louis Tikas met with Lieutenant Linderfelt (the officer in charge of the National Guard assault on the Ludlow camp) to arrange a truce. Linderfelt hit Tikas with the butt of his rifle and soldiers fired several times into his back as he lay on the ground, killing him outright.

          That evening, under cover of darkness, the militiamen entered the camp and set fire to tents, killing two women and eleven children who were sheltering from the shooting in a pit below a tent, thirteen other people were also shot dead during the fighting.

          As news of the massacre spread, workers from around the country went on strike to show solidarity with the remaining miners on strike in Colorado and to express sympathy for those who had lost loved ones in Ludlow. Several cities in the state were taken over and occupied by miners and some National Guard units even laid down their arms and refused to fight.

      "In times of universal deceit, telling the truth will be a revolutionary act." -George Orwell

      by ZhenRen on Wed Nov 27, 2013 at 12:58:38 PM PST

      [ Parent ]

      •  More: "Violent deaths of between 19 & 25 people" (3+ / 0-)
        In 1914, when workers at Colorado mine went on strike, company guards fired machine guns and killed several men. More battling followed, during which 2 women and 11 children were killed and John D. Rockefeller Jr., the chief mine owner, was pilloried for what had happened.

        The massacre resulted in the violent deaths of between 19 and 25 people; sources vary but include two women and eleven children, asphyxiated and burned to death under a single tent. The deaths occurred after a daylong fight between militia and camp guards against striking workers. Ludlow was the deadliest single incident in the southern Colorado Coal Strike, lasting from September 1913 through December 1914.

        "In times of universal deceit, telling the truth will be a revolutionary act." -George Orwell

        by ZhenRen on Wed Nov 27, 2013 at 01:05:19 PM PST

        [ Parent ]

    •  Good to see you here, ZhenRen. (2+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      ZhenRen, Free Jazz at High Noon

      I think there is no other place to be

      April 20, 2013 than at the Ludlow Monument.

      God spare me the Heart to fight them... I'll fight the Pirates forever. -Mother Jones

      by JayRaye on Wed Nov 27, 2013 at 02:13:04 PM PST

      [ Parent ]

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