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You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
                                                      -Mother Jones

Friday January 29, 1904
From The Indianapolis News: As U. M. W. Convention Ends, Miners Vote for Relief

Will Investigate Causes of the Harwick Mine Explosion.

The United Mine Workers' convention, before adjournment last evening [Wednesday], voted $5,000 for the immediate relief of the families of the 190 miners killed in the Harwick mine explosion at Sedgwick [Cheswick], Pa., this week. The convention also instructed the national executive board to obtain the services of expert mining engineers and to make a thorough investigation and to obtain information that probably will be used in movements for legislation in the various mining States to prevent mine horrors. Delegates, speaking on the floor of the convention, held that mines should be divided into sections and these section should be so ventilated that an explosion occurring in any one part of the mine might not affect the miners in another section. A resolution of respect to the dead and expressing sympathy for the families was passed by unanimous vote....

The Indianapolis News
(Indianapolis, Indiana)
-of Jan 28, 1904

Note: the final number of the dead was fixed at 179

Thursday January 29, 1914
From the Miners' Bulletin: Article on Congressional Investigation Continued

Edward Keating, U. S. Representative form Colorado
Congressman Edward Keating
of Colorado
Part II from the Miners' Bulletin of January 28th. The article, "To Investigate Industrial Wars," has a dateline of Washington, Jan. 23:
The executive committee, American Federation of Labor, last night voted to appoint a committee to investigate the question of ownership of the land whose mineral resources the Calumet and Hecla corporations are exploiting.

The government is in possession of evidence going to show that the title to these lands has never passed to the present holders and that the government can legally institute a suit for its recovery to the people.

Will Ask U. S. Action

When this investigation is finished, President Wilson and congress will be asked to take the necessary action for the recovery of these lands.

Bills will shortly be introduced into congress for government ownership of copper lands, similar to the proposal made yesterday by Senator Kenyon, Ia., for the government ownership of West Virginia coal mines.

Evidence has developed here for presentation to the mines and mining committee which will show that Michigan state officials have been playing into the hands of corporations from the start.

In its instructions to the rules committee the [House Democratic] caucus prescribed the form of resolution which it shall report to the house. Its principal provisions follow:

The committee on mine and mining shall make a thorough and complete investigation of the conditions existing in the strike afflicted mining regions in Michigan and Colorado, and of the causes of the trouble.

Probe Peonage Charge.

The committee shall report whether a system of peonage is or, has been maintained in those mining regions, whether access to post offices has been prevented, whether the immigration laws have been violated, whether the secretary of labor or other officials of government may be of service in adjusting the differences between the strikers and the operators, and whether or not persons have been persecuted and convicted in violation of the laws of the United States. The last clause of the resolution confers broad powers upon the committee to require the attendance of witnesses and the production of documents, and provides that persons refusing to answer questions propounded by the investigators may be punished by fine and imprisonment.

The resolution embodies the salient features of the measure offered by Representatives MacDonald and Keating and is cast in the form of the Kern resolution under which the Senate investigated the West Virginia strike.

The inquiry was committed to the mining instead of the labor committee, as at first proposed, because of the possible criticism of an investigation by the latter body, the membership of which is composed largely of union labor sympathizers.

The overwhelming sentiment in favor of an investigation became apparent as soon as the caucus convened.

The debate was opened by Representative Keating who, in a speech lasting nearly an hour, described conditions existing in the Colorado strike.

Miners' Bulletin
"Published by authority of
 Western Federation of Miners
 to tell the truth regarding
 the strike of copper miners."
-of Jan 28, 1914

Photo: U. S. Rep Edward Keating

U. S. Rep William J MacDonald (no photo available)


Wednesday January 29, 2014
The House Investigations of the Michigan and Colorado Strikes Online:

Conditions in the Copper Mines of Michigan: Hearings Before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Mines and Mining, House of Representatives, Sixty-third Congress, Second Session, Pursuant to H. Res. 387, a Resolution Authorizing and Directing the Committee on Mines and Mining to Make an Investigation of the Conditions in the Copper Mines of Michigan.
-United States. Congress. House. Committee on Mines and Mining
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1914

Part I, p.1-520

Part II-III, p.521-1327

Part IV-VII, p. 1329-2357

Conditions in the coal mines of Colorado: Hearings before a subcommittee of the Committee on mines and mining, Hous of Representatives, Sixty-third Congress, second session, pursuant to H. res. 387, a resolution authorizing and directing the Committee on Mines and Mining to make an investigation of conditions in the coal mines of Colorado
-United States. Congress. House. Committee on Mines and Mining
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1914

Vol. 1, p.1-1477

Vol. 2, p.1479-2916

The Commonwealth of Toil-Pete Seeger

They would keep us cowed and beaten,
Cringing meekly at their feet.
They would stand between each worker and his bread.
Shall we yield our lives up to them
For the bitter crust we eat?
Shall we only hope for heaven when we're dead?

                 -Ralph Chaplin

Originally posted to Hellraisers Journal on Wed Jan 29, 2014 at 11:00 AM PST.

Also republished by Shamrock American Kossacks, In Support of Labor and Unions, Anti-Capitalist Chat, and History for Kossacks.

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