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Alphonso Toweh, of Reuters reports the latest update from Liberian health authorities confirm two cases of Ebola: WHO, and left 70 dead in Guinea.

Eleven deaths in towns in northern Sierra Leone and Liberia, which shares borders with southeastern Guinea where the outbreak was first reported, are suspected to be linked to Ebola.

"Two of those samples have tested positive for the ebolavirus," the global health organization said in the statement on its website on Sunday, confirming for the first time the cases in country.

The suspected spread of disease into Liberia and Sierra Leone has stirred concern that one of the most lethal infectious diseases known to man could spread in a poor corner of West Africa, where health systems are ill-equipped to cope.

Authorities in Guinea's northwestern neighbor Senegal closed its land border on Saturday and suspended weekly markets near the borders where fresh produce from Guinea were sold in order to prevent the spread of the Ebola virus.

Below the fold are some background article from my March 24 post here announcing this epidemic for those of you who missed it.

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Update: Bloomberg is now reporting that Africa's largest outbreak of Ebola in seven years is now thought have spread from Guinea to Liberia. The report below develops chronologically from this afternoon. This is a fast breaking story. (See updates below to skip to current news.)

The latest Associated Press report from Conakry, capital of Guinea, Officials Rush to Contain Ebola Virus in Guinea clarifies an earlier report this morning which I pulled down after some confusion. Thanks to Wisper, Tortured Illogic, Iberian, and Jan4insight for helping to put together this better version. Some of their many contributions are noted below.

This morning, our own UN Dispatcher broke the story of Ebola Outbreak in Guinea, linking to a CNN story, At least 59 people dead in Guinea Ebola outbreak. Although nearly all reports on Google, including mine this morning, reported this as an Ebola outbreak, Whisper was the first to alert us to a story breaking later this morning that the Pasteur Institute was unable to identify Ebola in the samples they worked with over night. After going back to check, I noticed that even though the  CNN story's title mentions an Ebola outbreak, its content says the disease is still unverified.  

CNN reports At least 59 people dead in Guinea Ebola outbreak.

Experts in the country had been unable to identify the disease, whose symptoms -- diarrhea, vomiting and fever -- were first observed last month.

Health Minister Remy Lamah said Saturday initial test results confirm the presence of a viral hemorrhagic fever, which according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention refers to a group of viruses that affect multiple organ systems in the body.

The Guinean Health Ministry warned that the disease is mainly spread from infected people, from objects belonging to ill or dead people, and by the consumption of meat from animals in the bush. ... "Isolation units are essential to prevent the spread of the disease, which is highly contagious,"

(Update: Reminder - this text is from the post this afternoon. It is now confirmed that Ebola is definitely in Guinea, but not yet in the capital of Conakry.)
What I now think from reading the Pasteur Institute sent to us by Wisper more carefully, is an Ebola epidemic has been identified in remote parts of Guinea, and even may have spread to Sierra Leone,  that has killed 59 of 86 people exposed, but that no cases of Ebola have been identified from cases of people who have died in capital city Conakry. Tortured Illogic is correct about this, and I owe him thanks for spotting this error in my first post, which is why I took it down. It has taken me four hours to get this far in figuring this out this possible theory. But, there may be a second kind of a hemorrhagic-like illness in the capital that sample were taken from the patents with suspect symptoms. Just to be 100% safe, I'm going to keep the more cautious title, even though at least 3 dozen major outlets are all reporting this a confirmed Ebola.  

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From Guinea scrambles to contain deadly Ebola outbreak:

Conakry (AFP) - Aid workers and health officials battled Monday to contain west Africa's first outbreak of the deadly Ebola virus as tests on suspected cases in Conakry allayed fears that it had spread to the Guinean capital.

At least 59 people have died in an outbreak of the virulent virus raging through Guinea's southern forests but tests on three haemorrhagic fever cases -- two of them fatal -- in Conakry were negative, the government said.

"The Pasteur Institute in Dakar worked urgently all last night on samples taken from suspected cases here in Conakry, which were all negative," said Sakoba Keita, the health ministry's chief disease prevention officer.

"So for now, there's no Ebola in Conakry, but haemorrhagic fever whose nature remains to be determined."

Sorry for the length of this article but I want to clarify, what happened here.

This is the quote that caused me to say this morning, apparently in error that Ebola spread "from the south to Conakry."

The UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) said in a statement on Sunday the Ebola virus had quickly spread from the south to Conakry.

There have been 86 cases of Ebola with 56 death in other parts of Guinea, with reports in the last few hours that it may have spread into regions of Sierra Leone.

Time Magazine provides more details in A Terrifying Ebola Outbreak in West Africa Is Spreading Fast.  Ebola epidemics are of special concern because there are no known treatments or vaccines and the virus kill up to 90 percent of those infected. 59 out 80 exposed have died so far.

There are no known treatments or vaccines for Ebola, a viral hemorrhagic fever that kills up to 90 percent of those who become infected, depending on the strain of the virus. The virus is spread through direct contact with blood, feces or sweat, by sexual contact or unprotected handling of contaminated corpses. First discovered in the Democratic Republic of Congo in 1976, the disease has spread in several outbreaks, mainly in sub-Saharan Africa.

“This outbreak is particularly devastating because medical staff are among the first victims … hindering the response and threatening normal care in a country already lacking in medical personnel,” UNICEF said.

The organization has sent five tons of aid to the country’s most affected regions, and has urged Guineans not to attend funerals when possible and to avoid all contact with the sick and the dead.

A special challenge in this region are the tribal funeral customs of touching the dead to show affection.

And, finally, the most recent from ABC news Officials Rush to Contain Ebola Virus in Guinea.

Africa's largest outbreak of Ebola in seven years now suspected of spreading to Liberia (updated)

The Ebola virus leads to severe hemorrhagic fever in its victims and has no vaccine or specific treatment. The new cases in Guinea mark the first time in 20 years that an outbreak of the virus has been reported in West Africa.

"The Ebola fever is one of the most virulent diseases known to mankind with a fatality rate up to 90 percent," said Ibrahima Toure, Guinea's country director for the aid group Plan International.

"Communities in the affected region stretch across the borders and people move freely within this area. This poses a serious risk of the epidemic becoming widespread with devastating consequences," he said.

In Guinea, efforts were underway to keep the virus from reaching the capital of Conakry, home to some 3 million people. Panic erupted Sunday amid reports that two of the deaths had occurred in the capital. However, on Monday authorities said that those cases were only under investigation and later proved not to be positive for the virus.

Our hopes and prayers our with the victims and their loved ones. Let's hope they contain and control this outbreak as soon as possible.

Of special interest to us as Democrats is that outbreaks such as this highlight the need for local, national, and even international governmental responses to act as agents of the collective good. Guinea deserves praise that all medical services are being provided free in this case. Imagine that they had a health care system like ours, where uninsured patients were hesitant to call ambulances or report symptoms for fear of costs that might leave them bankrupt.  

Public health responses during epidemics are best handled by government looking out for the best interests of all of our people, not by for-profit companies catering only to their clients who can pay for their services. Where would we be now if we had not invested in developing the capabilities of the World Health Organization, Centers for Disease Control and other kinds of public and global health organizations the Republicans want to cut?

Sun Mar 30, 2014 at 10:50 PM PT: Here are some snippets of  another one of my previous Ebola posts the vast overwhelming majority of you missed because you still don't follow me. Where else can you get recipe's for such as tasty Bat Soup just before it will likely be banned. This could be you last chance folks. These are the kind of unique reports you are missing if you are not following me.

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The BBC is reporting that scientists have finally discovered that bats are the hidden reservoir and transmission vector for spreading Ebola, as reported, in Guinea Ebola outbreak: Bat-eating banned to curb virus.

Guinea has banned the sale and consumption of bats to prevent the spread of the deadly Ebola virus, its health minister has said. ... Bats, a local delicacy, appeared to be the "main agents" for the Ebola outbreak in the south, Rene Lamah said.

Sixty-two people have now been killed by the virus in Guinea, with suspected cases reported in neighbouring Liberia and Sierra Leone. ... Ebola is spread by close contact. There is no known cure or vaccine. ... It kills between 25% and 90% of victims, depending on the strain of the virus, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).

People who eat the animals often boil them into a sort of spicy pepper soup, our correspondent says. The soup is sold in village stores where people gather to drink alcohol. ... Other ways of preparing the bats to eat include drying them over a fire.

The total number of deaths had reached 62 by Tuesday. Ebola is spread by contact with bodily fluids, or by touching an object recently touched by an infected person. The virus attacks the endothelial cells of the blood vessels. It takes 2 to 21 days from infection to come down with symptoms and people then can die withing days.

Two quarantine zones have been set up in southern Guinea to try to contain the outbreak. Mediecins Sans Fronieres, the World Health Organization, are providing assistance to local governments in trying to contain the epidemic.

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The discovery of the bat vector has solved a puzzle that has baffled science for decades because Ebola kills off it victims so quickly it disappears for long periods so we have never known where its reservoir was. While hosting the virus the bat shows no symptoms of the disease. Livescience reports, Bat Soup Blamed as Deadly Ebola Virus Spreads.

"We discovered the vector [infectious] agent of the Ebola virus is the bat," Remy Lamah, the country’s health minister, told Bloomberg News. "We sent messages everywhere to announce the ban. People must even avoid consumption of rats and monkeys. They are very dangerous animals."

Bats are reported to be quite tasty when toasted over an open grill, or boiled down into a think and spicy soup with peppers. Mmm, mmm, good! I'm getting hungry. If it weren't for my big diet weigh in tomorrow I'd have some now. I'm down 7 pounds for the month, and don't want to go on a binge. Below the fold I offer one old American favorite bat soup recipe for the more adventuress Kossacks, although you may want to read the warning below first.


Though many animals can spread disease, bats have come under increased scientific scrutiny in recent years for their uncanny ability to host "zoonotic" viruses, that is, viruses that readily make the jump from one species to another.

"There seems to be something different about bats in terms of being able to host zoonotic infections," David Hayman, a wildlife epidemiologist at Colorado State University, told LiveScience in a 2013 interview.

The flying mammals are reservoirs for more than 60 viruses that can infect humans, and host more viruses per species than even rodents.

In addition to the Ebola virus, rabies, histoplasmosis, SARS, Nipah (which causes deadly brain fevers), Hendra (a lethal respiratory disease), Marburg, Lyssaviruses and other diseases can be spread by bats, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

One disappointing aspect of these articles is that scientist never explain to us why the custom of eating these tasty bat delicacies never spread to Europe, and the United States, leaving the reader with a puzzled empty feeling. But don't worry, to fill up that emptiness I found an American recipe for a delicious bat soup from an out of print soup. This might be your last chance to have it before it gets banned here too. Oddly, the author, and all of her descendents, as well as children, and publisher have all pasted on, but Ted Taylor and Fred Peters found an old copy in the New York Library which I've put below the fold. (Humor alert!)  

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Here's a tasty recipe for Fruit Bat Soup from  "The New York Times Natural Foods Cookbook" by Jean Hewitt (c) 1971. (Out of Print)  Courtesy of Ted Taylor who says fruit bats are also known as Flying Foxes who are affectionate little creatures who make great pets, with the advantage that you can make a tasty soup with them when you done playing.

Fruit Bat Soup</>

 3 Fruit bats, well washed but neither skinned nor eviscerated,
Water
1 tb Finely sliced fresh ginger,
1 lg Onion, quartered,

The following is a genuine recipe from Micronesia. Fruit bats, or flying foxes, are furry, fruit and nectar eating bats about the size of small rabbits. The make very affectionate pets.

Sea salt to taste, Chopped scallions, Soy sauce and/or coconut cream.

1. Place the bats in a large kettle and add water to cover, the ginger, onion, and salt. Bring to the boil and cook for 40 minutes. Strain broth into a second kettle.

2. Take the bats, skin them and discard the skin. Remove meat from the bones and return meat, and any of the viscera you fancy, to the broth. Heat.

3. Serve liberally sprinkled with scallions and further seasoned with soy sauce and/or coconut cream.

Yield: 4 servings.

Mmmm, mmm! That looks like some mighty fine eating there. Unfortunately, I'm allergic to bats, but please write in and let me know how it tastes. Just remember to have your bats checked for Ebola virus, rabies, histoplasmosis, SARS, Nipah (which causes deadly brain fevers), Hendra (a lethal respiratory disease), Marburg, Lyssaviruses first. Enjoy!.

7:43 AM PT: May I call your attention to what I believe to be an important proposal for a more positive and energetic approach to supporting and appreciating our Daily Kos volunteer writers and readers who comment in  

Striving towards a more nurturing, generous, supportive, fun, and successful writing culture (poll)

Originally posted to SciTech on Sun Mar 30, 2014 at 09:42 PM PDT.

Also republished by Black Kos community.

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Comment Preferences

  •  tell your darlin' that there aren't enough of you (4+ / 0-)

    to go around, and we had you first, but will share.
    she must admit how valuable you are in what you write and who you are reaching. if you get yourself in trouble, better with her than us ;)

    TRAILHEAD of accountability for Bush-2 Crimes? -- Addington's Perpwalk.

    by greenbird on Sun Mar 30, 2014 at 09:48:09 PM PDT

    •  Thanks greenbird. I told her my posting here could (4+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      viral, davis90, marina, Cassandra Waites

      lead to a real job. That seem to be keeping here happy for a while. Well that and a whole bunch of episodes of Season 2 of the Bates motel we have downstairs on the DVR. She apparently doesn't care what I do now. I'm actually a little worried.

      I'm going to bring her breakfast in bed tomorrow. And, yesterday I took all the garbage to the dump and fixed all the toilets. This morning I massaged her head. And, yesterday I did all of her grocery shopping. So I'm not really quite as much of a crud as I pretend.

      I'll do just about anything for a laugh, so sometimes I pretend to be worse than I am.

      One time I even pretended to be a nearly stark raving anti-Republican lunatic who would stay up all night tracking down every possible negative story about potential 2016 GOP candidates. You know the kind of fellow who would even go out of his way to find the worst possible picture of them, and then write sarcastic articles about them just to make them look bad even two years before the election to typecast their personalities in the minds of the American people! I thought it was pretty funny but I don't think many people believed it.  

      "Seriously, Folks, WTH?" - ("What the Heck? "h/t Joan McCarter, Seriously, Florida. WTF?)

      by HoundDog on Sun Mar 30, 2014 at 10:08:46 PM PDT

      [ Parent ]

      •  Four words (1+ / 0-)
        Recommended by:
        HoundDog


        Breaking Bad,

        Box-set.


        ;-)


        Sooner or later were going to have to: Trade in those Carbon Footprints ...

        by jamess on Sun Mar 30, 2014 at 10:35:47 PM PDT

        [ Parent ]

        •  I loved that show. I still haven't seen the (1+ / 0-)
          Recommended by:
          jamess

          last Season.

          We watched all 8 season of Dexter in about 2 weeks. That's why I only had 28 posts this last week. I had planned to pull all the stops and do an experiment to see what I could do if I tried getting serious about writing.

          But, I guess in my heart of hearts I'm a slacker.

          "Seriously, Folks, WTH?" - ("What the Heck? "h/t Joan McCarter, Seriously, Florida. WTF?)

          by HoundDog on Sun Mar 30, 2014 at 10:41:22 PM PDT

          [ Parent ]

          •  hey (2+ / 0-)
            Recommended by:
            HoundDog, Just Bob

            remember it's only a "public service" ...

            it's only a "public service" ...


            Eventually the lights switch off,
            and that movie, called Reality begins.


            Practice makes perfect.

            Perfect is boring ... it's only a "public service" ...


            Sooner or later were going to have to: Trade in those Carbon Footprints ...

            by jamess on Sun Mar 30, 2014 at 10:46:32 PM PDT

            [ Parent ]

            •  What's this reality thing you keep mentions (1+ / 0-)
              Recommended by:
              jamess

              Jamess?

              Hey did you see what good use I made out of your latenight posting trick? I mean in Jotter's Weekly Author Impact? I had the highest total recs and more than about 3 of the FPs combined.

              Tell me more about this magic of yours Jamess. Is this reality and public service part of it?

              "Seriously, Folks, WTH?" - ("What the Heck? "h/t Joan McCarter, Seriously, Florida. WTF?)

              by HoundDog on Sun Mar 30, 2014 at 10:55:03 PM PDT

              [ Parent ]

            •  Did I tell you I put the one of the bat posts in (1+ / 0-)
              Recommended by:
              jamess

              the update section? If I put it here the comment indentation
              will squish it. Some wicked cool bat pictures. The upside down one reminds me of Fetis form Adams family with those big eyes.

              I didn't realize how good Saturday and Sunday nights were.

              I just picked up two recs from MB in a row. I think he's rec'd about he last six posts I've done, I have no idea whats going on. It's cool though, I'm psyched. I can't believe the amount of work he does here.

              Did you see the environmental round up? I don't know if people have any idea of how much time it takes to do things like that. No just to read 30 or 40 articles. (Those were just the ones he chose, who know how many more he read.) But, then to cut and past the links, and then select out the key section of the articles so they make sense.

              He could have increased his weekly post could by 150% with the same amount of effort as he puts into that one post and it hardly gets any attention here!  And, had 40 extra posts on 40 different topics. I hope he gets paid a lot. You should be be giving the public service lecture to him, not me, jamess.

              I can't decide if I should do another post tonight or call it a day.

              This must be how fisherman feel when they can look down into the water and see gigantic fish just swimming around down there waiting to be caught, but already having a full bucket. Do you stick around just for the fun, or go to bed so you have a chance to wake up earlier enough before Eric scoops up all the new breaking Christie stories? Decision, decisions.  

              Hey what are you doing up this late. I thought you were supposed to be stabilizing your circadian cycles.  

              "Seriously, Folks, WTH?" - ("What the Heck? "h/t Joan McCarter, Seriously, Florida. WTF?)

              by HoundDog on Sun Mar 30, 2014 at 11:09:06 PM PDT

              [ Parent ]

              •  MB (1+ / 0-)
                Recommended by:
                greenbird

                recs good writing, smart analysis, with sound documentation;
                especially in his topics/areas of interests.

                He is a trooper indeed.  I think he just might be

                the Original Hound Dog.  He never let's up.


                Call it a day man.  pace yourself.

                Set a doable target.  plan some R&R too.


                I've seen a lot great writers flame out,
                by pushing themselves too hard,
                until something's got to give.

                Like everytime, I look in the mirror.

                ;-)


                Sooner or later were going to have to: Trade in those Carbon Footprints ...

                by jamess on Sun Mar 30, 2014 at 11:23:02 PM PDT

                [ Parent ]

  •  Thank goodness for the CDC (2+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    HoundDog, Cassandra Waites

    helping to keep us safe.

    Election Day is Nov 4th, 2014 It's time for the Undo button on the 2010 Election.

    by bear83 on Sun Mar 30, 2014 at 09:58:16 PM PDT

    •  Yes, and I pity the poor fool Republican like Rick (3+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      bear83, a2nite, Cassandra Waites

      Perry who says in the next Presidential debate that he wants to shut down government funding for these kinds of agencies. Did you read those last couple of paragraphs I wrote at the bottom of he March 24 article? I should bring them down here because every Democrat should read them.

      The only thing we have to decide is should be call them idiotic morons or moronic idiots. Hang on a minute I"ll be right back. Thanks for reminding me bear83. I got distracted for a moment I got so amused with my subtle cleverness in my response to greenbird's comment I forgot for a moment my purpose for being here. If you see that happen again just slap me like they do in those old 1950s movies and say "HoundDog snap out of it." And, I'll say, "Thanks bear83, I needed that."

      "Seriously, Folks, WTH?" - ("What the Heck? "h/t Joan McCarter, Seriously, Florida. WTF?)

      by HoundDog on Sun Mar 30, 2014 at 10:14:15 PM PDT

      [ Parent ]

    •  Yes, Exactly bear83. I put so much other crap on (3+ / 0-)

      top of it most people probably missed the most important part. This is called "burying the lede."  Why the heck don't they call it burying the "lead?" Maybe they do. I was never fortunate enough to go to Journalism school. I had to learn in the School of Hard Knocks.  Anyhow, here's he main point.

      Our hopes and prayers our with the victims and their loved ones. Let's hope they contain and control this outbreak as soon as possible.

      Of special interest to us as Democrats is that outbreaks such as this highlight the need for local, national, and even international governmental responses to act as agents of the collective good. Guinea deserves praise that all medical services are being provided free in this case. Imagine that they had a health care system like ours, where uninsured patients were hesitant to call ambulances or report symptoms for fear of costs that might leave them bankrupt.  

      Public health responses during epidemics are best handled by government looking out for the best interests of all of our people, not by for-profit companies catering only to their clients who can pay for their services. Where would we be now if we had not invested in developing the capabilities of the World Health Organization, Centers for Disease Control and other kinds of public and global health organizations the Republicans want to cut?

      "Seriously, Folks, WTH?" - ("What the Heck? "h/t Joan McCarter, Seriously, Florida. WTF?)

      by HoundDog on Sun Mar 30, 2014 at 10:17:18 PM PDT

      [ Parent ]

      •  That's still too much. (3+ / 0-)
        Of special interest to us as Democrats is that outbreaks such as this highlight the need for local, national, and even international governmental responses to act as agents of the collective good.  ...

        Public health responses during epidemics are best handled by government looking out for the best interests of all of our people, not by for-profit companies catering only to their clients who can pay for their services. Where would we be now if we had not invested in developing the capabilities of the World Health Organization, Centers for Disease Control and other kinds of public and global health organizations the Republicans want to cut?

        Take that Rick Perry you mindless idiot!

        And, Paul Ryan, who walks around with that dopey grin as if he's trying to do good when anyone with good sense should run in terror when they see that heartless bastard coming. Sorry to use harsh and ugly language folks but bear83 is telling it like it is.

        Can you imagine the unmitigated disaster the world would be facing if we didn't have the World Health Organization rushing to the front lines on this epidemic to contain it? That's the kind of world that ridiculous cheeseball Paul Ryan is trying to create!

        And, we're supposed to sit here and be polite? You folks have no idea how polite and well behaved I've been being. I could be showing you pictures of these Ebola victims that would make you barf right on your keyboards.

        Go google Ebola images and scan a few pages if you don't believe me.

        Those heartless and stupid Republicans are really starting to get to me. I don't know how much longer I can just sit here and pretend that they are somehow just ordinary human beings from a different political party rather than victims of some defect in either their hearts, their brains, or their souls. I'm sorry. I know this is terrible. But, this Ebola epidemic and all this suffering is getting to me.

        And, the Global warming. These would be tremendously hard challenges even if we had he whole human race team working together doing our best to help each other with all of us trying to figure what our best individual way of contributing could be.

        But to have such a large group of people intentional going out of their way to be regressive, stupid, cruel, and backward is frustrating.

        Sorry.

        "Seriously, Folks, WTH?" - ("What the Heck? "h/t Joan McCarter, Seriously, Florida. WTF?)

        by HoundDog on Sun Mar 30, 2014 at 10:29:52 PM PDT

        [ Parent ]

        •  Stupidity is common among GOP officials (5+ / 0-)

          Remember Bobby Jindal and his idiotic comments about volcano monitoring? Or Oklahoma officials who oppose state funding for tornado shelters in schools?

          And who is the first to complain about 'big government's'
          failures when a disaster happens and FEMA can't wave their magic wand to fix it?

          Republicans seem to think if you can't privatize it and make a buck from it, it's not worth the trouble. Idiots.

          Election Day is Nov 4th, 2014 It's time for the Undo button on the 2010 Election.

          by bear83 on Sun Mar 30, 2014 at 11:03:34 PM PDT

          [ Parent ]

          •  I feel bad I said such unkind things. I hope Wee (2+ / 0-)
            Recommended by:
            a2nite, bear83

            Mama and the Good People group I'm part of don't see this. I can't remember their names. We ask is it kind, is it true, is it necessary?

            Heck if all three of these at the same time I'd barely be able to talk at all. But, I believe they are right. That's the direction I'm trying to go in.

            Except the last one should be "Useful" not necessary.

            Let's just pretend this didn't happen, shall we? And, I shall owe you one.

            Maybe I"ll pull this post down. Can you imagine how disappointed the community might be with me if they learned that the HoundDog sometimes looses his temper and uses harsh and ugly language when referring to Republicans late at night?

            "Seriously, Folks, WTH?" - ("What the Heck? "h/t Joan McCarter, Seriously, Florida. WTF?)

            by HoundDog on Sun Mar 30, 2014 at 11:16:56 PM PDT

            [ Parent ]

  •  Delta: 3 outbound flights from Liberia to JFK/wk. (1+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    HoundDog
  •  thanks for the report (1+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    HoundDog

    any ideas what is behind these latest out-breaks?


    Sooner or later were going to have to: Trade in those Carbon Footprints ...

    by jamess on Sun Mar 30, 2014 at 10:29:57 PM PDT

    •  wait nevermind (1+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      HoundDog

      it was the increased consumption of bats,

      wasn't it?


      Sooner or later were going to have to: Trade in those Carbon Footprints ...

      by jamess on Sun Mar 30, 2014 at 10:31:57 PM PDT

      [ Parent ]

      •  Yes. (0+ / 0-)

        photo bats_zps4b16c36e.jpg

        The BBC is reporting that scientists have finally discovered that bats are the hidden reservoir and transmission vector for spreading Ebola, as reported, in Guinea Ebola outbreak: Bat-eating banned to curb virus.

        Guinea has banned the sale and consumption of bats to prevent the spread of the deadly Ebola virus, its health minister has said. ... Bats, a local delicacy, appeared to be the "main agents" for the Ebola outbreak in the south, Rene Lamah said.

        Sixty-two people have now been killed by the virus in Guinea, with suspected cases reported in neighbouring Liberia and Sierra Leone. ... Ebola is spread by close contact. There is no known cure or vaccine. ... It kills between 25% and 90% of victims, depending on the strain of the virus, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).

        People who eat the animals often boil them into a sort of spicy pepper soup, our correspondent says. The soup is sold in village stores where people gather to drink alcohol. ... Other ways of preparing the bats to eat include drying them over a fire.

        The total number of deaths had reached 62 by Tuesday. Ebola is spread by contact with bodily fluids, or by touching an object recently touched by an infected person. The virus attacks the endothelial cells of the blood vessels. It takes 2 to 21 days from infection to come down with symptoms and people then can die withing days.

        Two quarantine zones have been set up in southern Guinea to try to contain the outbreak. Mediecins Sans Fronieres, the World Health Organization, are providing assistance to local governments in trying to contain the epidemic.

         photo bats2_zps84ee12cc.jpg

        The discovery of the bat vector has solved a puzzle that has baffled science for decades because Ebola kills off it victims so quickly it disappears for long periods so we have never known where its reservoir was. While hosting the virus the bat shows no symptoms of the disease. Livescience reports, Bat Soup Blamed as Deadly Ebola Virus Spreads.

        "We discovered the vector [infectious] agent of the Ebola virus is the bat," Remy Lamah, the country’s health minister, told Bloomberg News. "We sent messages everywhere to announce the ban. People must even avoid consumption of rats and monkeys. They are very dangerous animals."

        Bats are reported to be quite tasty when toasted over an open grill, or boiled down into a think and spicy soup with peppers. Mmm, mmm, good! I'm getting hungry. If it weren't for my big diet weigh in tomorrow I'd have some now. I'm down 7 pounds for the month, and don't want to go on a binge. Below the fold I offer one old American favorite bat soup recipe for the more adventuress Kossacks, although you may want to read the warning below first.


        Though many animals can spread disease, bats have come under increased scientific scrutiny in recent years for their uncanny ability to host "zoonotic" viruses, that is, viruses that readily make the jump from one species to another.

        "There seems to be something different about bats in terms of being able to host zoonotic infections," David Hayman, a wildlife epidemiologist at Colorado State University, told LiveScience in a 2013 interview.

        The flying mammals are reservoirs for more than 60 viruses that can infect humans, and host more viruses per species than even rodents.

        In addition to the Ebola virus, rabies, histoplasmosis, SARS, Nipah (which causes deadly brain fevers), Hendra (a lethal respiratory disease), Marburg, Lyssaviruses and other diseases can be spread by bats, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

        One disappointing aspect of these articles is that scientist never explain to us why the custom of eating these tasty bat delicacies never spread to Europe, and the United States, leaving the reader with a puzzled empty feeling. But don't worry, to fill up that emptiness I found an American recipe for a delicious bat soup from an out of print soup. This might be your last chance to have it before it gets banned here too. Oddly, the author, and all of her descendents, as well as children, and publisher have all pasted on, but Ted Taylor and Fred Peters found an old copy in the New York Library which I've put below the fold. (Humor alert!)  

         photo batsoup_zpse47b4c19.jpg

        Here's a tasty recipe for Fruit Bat Soup from  "The New York Times Natural Foods Cookbook" by Jean Hewitt (c) 1971. (Out of Print)  Courtesy of Ted Taylor who says fruit bats are also known as Flying Foxes who are affectionate little creatures who make great pets, with the advantage that you can make a tasty soup with them when you done playing.

        Fruit Bat Soup</>

         3 Fruit bats, well washed but neither skinned nor eviscerated,
        Water
        1 tb Finely sliced fresh ginger,
        1 lg Onion, quartered,

        The following is a genuine recipe from Micronesia. Fruit bats, or flying foxes, are furry, fruit and nectar eating bats about the size of small rabbits. The make very affectionate pets.

        Sea salt to taste, Chopped scallions, Soy sauce and/or coconut cream.

        1. Place the bats in a large kettle and add water to cover, the ginger, onion, and salt. Bring to the boil and cook for 40 minutes. Strain broth into a second kettle.

        2. Take the bats, skin them and discard the skin. Remove meat from the bones and return meat, and any of the viscera you fancy, to the broth. Heat.

        3. Serve liberally sprinkled with scallions and further seasoned with soy sauce and/or coconut cream.

        Yield: 4 servings.

        Mmmm, mmm! That looks like some mighty fine eating there. Unfortunately, I'm allergic to bats, but please write in and let me know how it tastes. Just remember to have your bats checked for Ebola virus, rabies, histoplasmosis, SARS, Nipah (which causes deadly brain fevers), Hendra (a lethal respiratory disease), Marburg, Lyssaviruses first. Enjoy!.

        7:43 AM PT: May I call your attention to what I believe to be an important proposal for a more positive and energetic approach to supporting and appreciating our Daily Kos volunteer writers and readers who comment in  

        Striving towards a more nurturing, generous, supportive, fun, and successful writing culture (poll)

        Also, less important for community culture but still fun for Christiegate addicts:

        Isherwood asks 5 Bridgegate questions he fears may never be answered

        "Seriously, Folks, WTH?" - ("What the Heck? "h/t Joan McCarter, Seriously, Florida. WTF?)

        by HoundDog on Sun Mar 30, 2014 at 11:17:43 PM PDT

        [ Parent ]

    •  Yes, Bats, I have two whole posts on it. Along (2+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      jamess, ladybug53

      with a delicious recipe for Bat Soup for those of you who want to try it out before it is banned here too. I'll bring it over for you Jamess. Hang on a minute.

      "Seriously, Folks, WTH?" - ("What the Heck? "h/t Joan McCarter, Seriously, Florida. WTF?)

      by HoundDog on Sun Mar 30, 2014 at 10:43:15 PM PDT

      [ Parent ]

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