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Reposted from Hellraisers Journal by JayRaye
You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

Saturday April 29, 1905
Chicago, Illinois - Federal Injunction Issued Against Striking Chicago Teamsters

International Brotherhood of Teamsters, Charter with AFL
Since last Hellraisers reported on the Chicago Teamsters' Strike, that strike has been declared off, then declared on again, and has now spread across the city. Yesterday, according to the Rock Island Argus of Illinois, a federal injunction was issued against the teamsters:
Chicago, April 28.-Federal Judge Kohisaat today granted an injunction to the Employers' association restraining all persons from interfering with the movements of the association's wagons upon the streets or in the alleyways or obstructing business of members of the association. The in junction is returnable May 10. It is specifically directed against the teamsters' joint council of Chicago...

The injunction was issued on the grounds that the Employers Teaming company, is a corporation organized in West Virginia and being a corporation of a foreign state has a right to protection under the federal government. As soon as the injunction was filed in court 750 copies of the order were given to United States Marshal Ames. Six deputy marshals were called into Ames' office and given instructions to serve the papers at once.

Today, below the fold, Hellraisers features reporting on the Chicago Teamsters Strike from the Argus covering the past several days of the escalating strike situation in the city of Chicago.
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Most Americans assume that Sally Ride, who flew on the Space Shuttle in 1983, was the first woman in space. But in reality, the first women had flown in orbit almost 20 years before--and she was a Soviet.

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Reposted from Hellraisers Journal by JayRaye
You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

Wednesday April 28, 1915
Trinidad, Colorado - Mine Guard Testifies Lawson Ordered Miners to "Shoot to Kill"


1914 Strikers Policy Committee, United Mine Workers of America John McLennan, President District 15 E. L. Doyle, Secretary-Treasurer District 15 John R. Lawson, International Board Member from District 15 Frank J. Hayes, International Vice-President
Colorado Strikers Policy Committee, United Mine Workers of America
John McLennan-President District 15, E. L. Doyle, Secretary-Treasurer District 15,
John R. Lawson-International Board Member from District 15, Frank J. Hayes-International Vice-President
Over the past two days damaging testimony has been given against John R. Lawson who is on trial for murder in the death of the mine guard, John Nimmo. Nimmo died of gunshot wounds he received while engaged in a battle, October 25, 1913, against the striking coal miners of the Southern Colorado.

Thad Sowder, mine guard and broncho buster, was fighting along side of Nimmo when Nimmo was shot. Sowder testified that he assisted the wounded mine guard to the rear and was with him when he died.

Charles Snyder is a man who appears to enjoy playing both sides against the middle, and to profit from that enterprise. Snyder has been a mine guard, then a member of the United Mine Workers, and, eventually, a bodyguard for union officers. He denies that he was paid by both sides at the same time, although he did admit, under cross examination, that he was now "indirectly in the employ of the Baldwin-Felts detective agency."

Snyder testified that Lawson ordered the miners to "shoot to kill," and that Mother Jones told the men in the Ludlow Camp: "Don't sit here like a lot of numbskulls, but get out and fight."

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Reposted from Hellraisers Journal by JayRaye
The girls and women by their meetings and discussions come to understand and
sympathize with each other, and more and more easily they act together...
So we must stand together to resist, for we will get
what we can take just that and no more.
-Rose Schneiderman

Thursday April 27, 1905
From The Independent: Rose Schneiderman Tells the Story of a Cap Maker's Life

Rose Schneiderman, 1905
Rose Schneiderman
In today's edition of The Independent, Rose Schneiderman, the young leader of the New York Cloth Hat and Cap Makers Union, tells the story of her life in New York City where, at a young age, upon the death of her father, she was forced to quit school and assist with the care of her younger sister and brothers. As a young working woman, she became determined to organize her workplace, and did so in short order.

Miss Schneiderman, although only twenty-three years old, is already a member of National Board of her union, the United Cloth Hat and Cap Makers Union of North America. She has also recently joined the Women's Trade Union League of New York.

The article, "A Cap Maker's Story," was written soon after the New York City Cap Makers returned to work having successfully settled their strike against the open shop drive of their employers.

Miss Schneiderman states that working women are beginning to understand the importance of organizing and standing together to fight for better conditions:

The girls and women by their meetings and discussions come to understand and sympathize with each other, and more and more easily they act together.

It is the only way in which they can hope to hold what they now have or better present conditions.

Certainly there is no hope from the mercy of the bosses.

Each boss does the best he can for himself with no thought of the other bosses, and that compels each to gouge and squeeze his hands to the last penny in order to make a profit.

So we must stand together to resist, for we will get what we can take just that and no more.

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Reposted from Readers and Book Lovers by Chrislove
LGBT Literature is a Readers and Book Lovers series dedicated to discussing books that have made an impact on the lives of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people. From fiction to contemporary nonfiction to history and everything in between, any book that touches on LGBT themes is welcome in this series. LGBT Literature posts on the last Sunday of every month at 7:30 PM EST. If you are interested in writing for the series, please send a Kosmail to Chrislove.
Unfortunately, I must begin this diary with an apology. You see, I had grand plans for a diary on a book that I love very much. But due to technological issues beyond my control, my plans went out the window, leaving very little time to write another diary. And this, kids, is why you don't wait until the last minute--although with dissertation writing this month, I had little other choice.

Which brings me to my diarist beg: I am deep in the throes of writing my dissertation, and I have less time than ever. Technological issues aside, I can write LGBT Literature diaries, but the end of the month is a crunch as I finish up chapter drafts, so of course I always appreciate the help. Over the course of this series, we have had an incredibly diverse array of writers cover a variety of different pieces of LGBT literature. I'd love for your voice to be heard here, as well. You don't have to be an academic, a writer, a prolific reader, or even LGBT. You just have to be a person with an interest in a piece of literature covering LGBT themes. As I said when I took over this series, we have a broad conception of LGBT literature here. If you have something in mind, please get in touch with me, even if you're a lurker who has never written a diary. I am more than happy to put you on the schedule and, if necessary, guide you through the steps of writing a diary. We look forward to hearing your voice here at LGBT Literature!

When I rebooted this series, I did promise a substantive diary every month, and an at least somewhat substantive diary you shall get. After I had my diary disaster, I looked around frantically for something I could cover fairly quickly--in other words, not a complex book that was going to take a while to unpack. As is often the case, the answer was literally under my nose and was actually sitting on my coffee table.

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Reposted from Hellraisers Journal by JayRaye
You cannot go at it with kid gloves; you have to get results.
-Lieutenant Karl E. Linderfelt

Monday April 26, 1915
Trinidad, Colorado - The Butcher of Ludlow Testifies Against John R. Lawson

From yesterday's Oakland Tribune:


Lieutenant Karl E Linderfelt, Butcher of Ludlow
Lieutenant Karl E Linderfelt,
Butcher of Ludlow
TRINIDAD, Colo., April 24.-Echoes of the anarchy that prevailed during Colorado's recent industrial war were heard at today's session of John R. Lawson's trial on indictments charging murder of a coal mine guard in October 1913. Lawson is a member of the United Mine Workers' International Executive committee.

K. E. Linderfelt of Ludlow was a witness for the prosecution. He and 33 armed guards were at the Ludlow section house on the afternoon the guard Nimmo was killed, Linderfelt testified. His men were supplied with 1000 rounds of ammunition each and there was considerable firing between the strikers in the tent colony and Linderfelt's men and guards scattered along the railroad embankment. A snow storm came up and the firing ceased at dark. Linderfelt had a pair or field glasses, he testified, but could not recognize any strikers, nor would he swear which side fired the first shot.

[Photograph added.]

From the Chicago Day Book of April 24, 1915:
John Lawson at Ludlow followed by mine guard, Day Book, Apr 24, 1915
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Sun Apr 26, 2015 at 08:30 AM PDT

Ancient Europe: The Stone Ages

by Ojibwa

In the nineteenth century, before the advent of modern scientific chronometric dating, archaeologists and museum curators relied exclusively on relative dating. To make sense out of the chaotic collections, Christian Jurgensen Thomsen, the curator of the Danish National Museum, began to classify cutting tools according to the material used to make them: stone, bronze, and iron. He then extended this classification to other materials which were found with them. This gave rise to a chronological scheme known as the Three-Age System: Stone Age, Bronze Age, and Iron Age. Thomsen published an account of this chronological sequence in his Guide to Northern Archaeology. This guide had wide influence and was translated into several other European languages.

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Reposted from Daily Kos by Denise Oliver Velez
Cartoon decrying the Hamburg massacre of July 1876
Cartoon decrying the Hamburg massacre of July 1876
As people raise a hue and cry, for a media minute, about yet another police murder of an unarmed black man—this time Walter Scott in North Charleston, South Carolina, who was riddled with bullets by a white cop who must have seen too many reruns of The Deer Hunter—and as news and endless video loops of his death leave the headlines, just remember this: #Blacklives (still) matter to black people and our allies but nothing has changed in the systemic racism of America.

Who's it gonna be next week? Oh, wait ... next week has already happened. Spell it "Freddie Gray." Will it be my (or your) son-father-cousin-nephew-godson-husband-neighbor-student ... or me next? Sistas get murdered too.

They don't kill us in bunches anymore. Now they just murder us one by one.

Slaughtering black folks en masse was part of an agenda of open terrorism to end any possibility of black political and economic power, or successful black and white "fusion" during Reconstruction. History books dub them "riots" because riot evokes images of scary black people runnin' wild, but they were massacres. South Carolina is no stranger to murdering black folks. I've written here about a more recent one, in "Orangeburg, SC, 1968: The massacre of students you may not have heard of." But we need to dig deeper into the past to understand the rot at the roots of what we face today.

Follow me below the fold for the history of the Hamburg Massacre and others that took place during the same time period, perpetrated by white terrorist "Red Shirts" and backed by elected officials whose names are engraved on shrines and monuments to white supremacy.

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Sat Apr 25, 2015 at 01:31 PM PDT

Gold Rush Journal Week 43

by oldmancoyote1

James White was a 21 year old farmer from Quincy, MA.  In 1849 he sailed from Boston around Cape Horn to San Francisco and the gold diggings of California.  In all he spent 6 months at sea and a year in California.  I've transcribed his journal and am publishing it here as well as on Amazon/Kindle and Apple/iBooks.

Sunday June 16th.
Contra to my wish & good breeding, we packed our oxen & started down the river.  Latham, Clark & myself went as far as Weaver Creek & camped.  Travelled 10 miles today.  Crossed the Trinity by ferry canoe.  

This night was very cold.  Froze water in camp.  I woke up in the night half froze.  Got up and build a good fire to warm up.  This for traveling Sunday.

Monday 17th.
Made but little progress down the river today.  We prospected on the bars as we went down.  Road very rocky & bad for the poor cattle, but found gold but very fine and miners making only 1/2 oz. per day.  Travelled 9 miles today.

June 18th.
Travelled to the end of good going for cattle, 7 miles.  Camped at 2 P.M. on a bar looking favorable for gold.  This is the last of bull driving I hope.  Oh how vexation.  Got very much put out with Clark for being so careless & reckless.  Everything went to distraction under his charge.  Growing warmer as we proceed down this river.

Wednesday the 19th.
Latham & myself went down the river 5 miles further with mining tools & to prospect for a good location.  Pitched upon one in the afternoon where six men were to work making their oz. per day.  Concluded to once more harness the bulls or horned horse and move for the last time.

Thursday June 20th.
According to the word we were off in the morning early.  Arrived about noon over a bad road.  Found a little feed for cattle in the afternoon.  Sat the long tom and made about $4 between us.  Found it was not going to work there not being full of water enough.

June 21st.
Bothered with the long tom in the forenoon & gave it up.  Made today about $4.  Small pay & hard work.  Some cussing, but not at all discouraged.

Saturday June 22d.
Poked around with the rest.  Thought the bar would pay well when the water got down.  We wanted a common rocker very much.  Vexed with lazy Clark for not making one.  Very much disappointed in the man.  Short acquaintance.  Wrote a letter to have Davis come on.  Went down the river 4 miles to meet a mule train to send it by.  Successful.  Vexed with Nellson for his delay.  Wished I had my money back in my pocket.  I would take lazy b?  I could do better alone than with the damn Housers.  Today Latham found a place he thought we could do well at about a mile further down.

Sunday June 23d.
Went down to Latham's hope with picks pans etc. to make a claim.  Panned out 2 ox without trouble.

Monday 24th.
Clark and myself went to work making rocker.  Cut a tree down.  Split out the boards.  Gave it up & bought one handy for $32.  Thought it would be cheaper.

The 25th.
All went to work rocked out $39.  Clark not satisfied though.  He was homesick.  Oxen went off 3 or 4 miles. How admirably every thing works.

Wednesday June 26th.
Clark went after the oxen.   Lathem and myself went to work & made $16 in forenoon.  Concluded to slaughter one of the oxen in afternoon.  Clark sold the big steers for $385.  Culled the other in the afternoon.  Sold part of him for 45 & 50 cts pr lb.  Dried & eat the rest part of him.

Reposted from Hellraisers Journal by JayRaye
You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

Sunday April 25, 1915
From the Appeal to Reason: Testimony on the Poverty of Tenant Farmers in Texas


Tenant Farmer from Oct 1914 with text
In this week's edition of the Appeal, H. G. Creel continues his coverage of the testimony given before the Commission on Industrial Relations during the investigation into the "Land Question in the Southwest." The testimony was given during the hearings of the Commission which were held in Dallas, Texas, last month.
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Sat Apr 25, 2015 at 08:40 AM PDT

Origins of English: Some Z Words

by Ojibwa

Reposted from Cranky Grammarians by Ojibwa

In the English alphabet, “z” (pronounced “zee” in some English dialects and “zed” in others) is the final letter. The etymologies of some words beginning with “z” are described below.

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Everyone is familiar with the story of Roswell, New Mexico, where an extraterrestrial
spaceship supposedly crashed and alien bodies were recovered and hidden by the US
Government. But if the flying saucer fans are to be believed, Roswell was not the first
time that alien space travelers died in a crash in the US. The first fatal extraterrestrial traffic accident happened in the tiny little village of Aurora, Texas, in 1897. And according to conspiracy fans, the dead alien pilot may still be there.

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