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Did you dabble in science and chemistry when you were a kid? Do you now? What is your favorite branch of science? Why are you drawn to it?
It's National White Chocolate Day. We all know it's not really chocolate. Do you like it? To eat on its own, or just as a contrasting decoration on real chocolate?
Were you ever teacher's pet? Class clown? Dunce?

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On This Day

In 1641, the Merchant Royal, an English merchant (duh!) ship, sank off the coast of Cornwall, taking with it treasure equal to at least a billion in modern dollars. Several attempts (even televised ones) have been made to find it, to no avail.

In 1806, Lewis and Clark made it back to St. Louis after their journey to explore the Pacific Northwest.

In 1846, the Planet Neptune was first observed by astronomer Johann Galle within one degree of a position predicted by mathematician Urbain Le Verrier. It was the first planet to be discovered using mathematical prediction.

In 1889, a little company called Nintendo was founded. At the time, they specialized in card games.

In 1909, Gaston Leroux's novel The Phantom of the Opera was first published in serial form in the French magazine, Le Gaulois. There have since been 3 film versions and 3 different stage versions produced.

In 1957, nine African American students had to be removed from Little Rock Central High School for their own safety. A mob of more than 1,000 rabid white people had formed outside of the school. The next day, President Eisenhower used to 101st Airborne Division to escort and protect the students, and then he nationalized the State National Guard to get them out of the control of the racist governor, Orval Faubus.

In 1969, the "Paul is Dead" rumor about Paul McCartney was published for the first time. It appeared in The London Daily Mirror. It got more attention later thanks to Rolling Stone.

In 2002, the first version of Firefox was released.

Born on This Day

1215 – Kublai Khan, Mongolian emperor (d. 1294)

1629 - David Klöcker Ehrenstrahl, German Baroque painter, active in Sweden (d. 1698) See Tipple Jar

1713 – Ferdinand VI of Spain (d. 1759)

1734 - Matthew Pratt, Philadelphia portraitist (d. 1805)

 photo MatthewPratt.jpg

1802 - Carl Georg Adolph Hasenpflug, German painter (d. 1858)

1838 – Victoria Woodhull, American journalist and activist. In 1872, she was the first female Presidential candidate. (d. 1927)

1863 – Mary Church Terrell, African American author and activist, she was one of the first black women to attend and graduate college. (d. 1954)

1865 - Suzanne Valadon, French artist's model, then painter, mother of the painter Maurice Utrillo (d. 1938)

1869 – Typhoid Mary, Irish-American carrier of Typhoid fever, though she was asymptomatic herself. Everywhere she worked ended up with outbreaks. She was finally isolated, and remained quarantined for the rest of her life.  (d. 1938)

1871 - Frantisek Kupka, Czech painter (d. 1957)

 photo FrantisekKupka.jpg

1879 - Charles Camoin, French Fauvist painter (d. 1965)

 photo CharlesCamoin.jpg

1897 – Walter Pidgeon, Canadian actor (d. 1984)

1905 – Tiny Bradshaw, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1958)

1906 – Bardu Ali, American singer and guitarist (d. 1995)

1907 – Albert Ammons, American pianist (d. 1949)

1920 – Mickey Rooney, American actor

1925 – Eleonora Rossi Drago, Italian actress (d. 2007)

1926 – John Coltrane, American saxophonist and composer (Miles Davis Quintet) (d. 1967)

1927 – Mighty Joe Young, American singer and guitarist (d. 1999)

1930 – Colin Blakely, Irish-English actor (d. 1987)

1930 – Ray Charles, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and actor (d. 2004)

1931 – Hilly Kristal, American businessman, founded CBGB (d. 2007)

1938 – Romy Schneider, French actress (d. 1982)

 photo RomySchneider.png

1939 – Roy Buchanan, American singer-songwriter and guitarist  (d. 1988)

1941 – George Jackson, American activist and author, co-founded the Black Guerrilla Family (d. 1971)

1943 – Steve Boone, American bass player and producer (The Lovin' Spoonful)

1947 – Mary Kay Place, American actress

1949 – Bruce Springsteen, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1957 – Rosalind Chao, American actress

1959 – Jason Alexander, American actor

1970 – Ani DiFranco, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1972 – Ana Marie Cox, American author and blogger

Died on This Day

1624 - Willem Buytewech, Dutch painter (b. 1591/1592)

1828 - Richard Parkes Bonington, English Romantic painter specializing in coastal landscapes (b. 1801)

 photo RichardParkesBonington.jpg

1830 – Elizabeth Monroe, American wife of James Monroe, 5th First Lady of the United States (b. 1768)

1831 - Jean Charles Nicaise Perrin, French painter (b. 1754)

 photo JeanCharlesNicaisePerrin.jpg

1852 - John Vanderlyn,U.S. painter (b. 1775)

1865 - John Frederick Herring Sr., English painter specializing in horses and other farm animals (b. 1795)

 photo JohnFrederickHerringSr.jpg

1870 – Prosper Mérimée, French author (b. 1803)

1873 – Jean Chacornac, French astronomer (b. 1823)

1877 – Urbain Le Verrier, French mathematician (b. 1811)

1885 - Carl Spitzweg, German romanticist painter (b.1808)

 photo CarlSpitzweg.jpg

1889 – Wilkie Collins, English author and playwright (b. 1824)

1930 - Emilie Preyer, German still life painter (b. 1849)

 photo EmiliePreyer.jpg

1939 – Sigmund Freud, Austrian psychiatrist (b. 1856)

1943 – Elinor Glyn, English author (b. 1864)

1973 – Pablo Neruda, Chilean diplomat and poet, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)

1974 – Robbie McIntosh, Scottish drummer (Average White Band and The Senate) (b. 1950)

1981 – Chief Dan George, Canadian actor, author, and poet (b. 1899)

1987 – Bob Fosse, American dancer, choreographer, and actor (b. 1927)

1992 – Glendon Swarthout, American writer (b. 1918)

1994 – Madeleine Renaud, French actress (b. 1900)

Today is

Celebrate Bisexuality Day
National White Chocolate Day
Checkers Day (aka Dogs in Politics Day)
Restless Legs Awareness Day

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