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You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

Tuesday March 29, 1904
Denver, Colorado - Mother Jones In Hotel Near Governor's Office Despite Deportation

Mother Jones
Hellraisers has learned that Mother Jones was taken to the headquarters of the state militia on Friday and held there until she was deported the following day. With other organizers of the United Mine Workers of America, she was put aboard a Santa Fe train bound for La Junta, Colorado, some 65 miles north and east of Trinidad. They were all given deportation papers which warned them never to return. However, Mother Jones was assisted by a sympathetic railroad conductor, and was able to board a train to Denver. From her hotel room, "four or five blocks" from the Governors office, she wrote this letter:
Mother Jones To Governor James H. Peabody

                                                                       Denver, Colorado, March 26, 1904
Governor James H. Peabody:
     Mr. Governor, you notified your dogs of war to put me out of the state. They complied with your instructions. I hold in my hand a letter that was handed to me by one of them, which says "under no circumstances return to this state." I wish to notify you, governor, that you don't own the state. When it was admitted to the sisterhood of states, my fathers gave me a share of stock in it; and that is all they gave you. The civil courts are open. If I break a law of state or nation it is the duty of the civil courts to deal with me. That is why my forefathers established those courts to keep dictators and tyrants such as you from interfering with civilians. I am right here in the capital, after being out nine or ten hours, four or five blocks from your office. I want to ask you, governor, what in Hell are you going to do about it?

                                                                                        Mother Jones

[emphasis added]

We have also received this report from Mrs. Emma F. Langdon:
March 23, the militia was sent to Trinidad and martial law proclaimed and the work of confiscating firearms commenced. Midnight searches for weapons was common; men, women and children were dragged from their beds at all hours of the night and taken to the barren prairie to be threatened and in some cases tortured, to try and force them to disclose where guns where hidden.

A. Bartoli, an Italian typesetter of District 15, was arrested March 25, 1904. The following day the Italian paper was suppressed. The same day "Mother " Jones, national organizer, William Wardjon, Joe Poggiani and A. Bartoli were deported from the county and with much abuse they were told never to return.

"Mother" Jones was given five minutes to dress and get her clothing packed and taken to the depot by a rough squad, who forgot they owed their existence to a mother.

From today's Inter Ocean of Chicago:
Men Who Tried to Return to Homes Balked by Colorado Troops.

DENVER, Colo., March 28.-Special counsel have been sent to Telluride to take charge of the case of Charles H. Moyer, president of the Western Federation of Miners, who is held in jail on a charge of desecrating the flag. Governor Peabody has declared that President Moyer will be prosecuted to the utmost limit.

Of the twelve deported Telluride miners who attempted to return to their homes under the protection of the injunction issued by District Judge Stevens, four at least have again been deported by the military and warned never to return.

"Mother" Jones, who was deported by the military from Trinidad, left Denver today for Crested Butte, and will work among the miners of Gunnison county, where martial law has not been established. She said that the militiamen did not give her time to get her clothes before leaving Trinidad.

Il Trovatore [Il Lavoratore], the Italian paper which was suppressed at Trinidad by the military, will be issued at Florence in Fremont county.


Mother Jones Speaks
-ed by Philip S Foner
NY, 1983

The Autobiography of Mother Jones
-ed by Mary Field Parton
Charles H Kerr Pub, 1990
Pittston Strike Commemorative Edition
See Also:

The Cripple Creek Strike
-by Emma F Langdon
(Part I, 1st pub 1904)
NY, 1969

The Inter Ocean
(Chicago, Illinois)
-of Mar 29, 1904

Photo: Mother Jones


Saturday March 29, 2014
More on Il Lavoratore and editor Carlo Demolli:

This source gives the name of the Italian Newspaper as Il Lavoratore Italiano.

This sources states that Il Lavoratore was the official organ of the United Mine Workers among the Italians, and that the great majority of the miners in Colorado and Utah, at that time, were Italian.

A search of Il Lavoratore Italinao+1904+Colorado led to this:

A fourth portion [of the archives] is concerned with the trial of Charles Demolli, a United Mine Workers strike organizer in Price in 1903, who was charged with writing obscene articles in Colorado in 1904. This collection includes copies of the trial documents (complaints, affidavits and verdicts, etc.), and copies of the newspaper Il Lavoratore Italiano, published in Trinidad, Colorado.
And Google gives us this translation of a biography of Charles Demolli:
Several Demolli left in the late nineteenth century to the coal mines of Masontown and Uniontown, Pennsylvania. Charles Demolli, a printer printer was among them. The reasons for his departure are due to his rebellious nature and possible family disagreements. It is also the impression that, despite the wealth of the family, the investment on the big brother to replenish the family budget with revenues Americans were normal. In fact, the family Demolli was composed by eight children. Probably emigrated in 1893. His interest in the printed paper and especially for the social, pushed him to join the UMWA (United Mine Workers of America), the powerful miners' union. He wrote articles for newspapers matrix Italian socialist and moved to Colorado, where in early 1900 he founded the newspaper in Italian' The Italian Worker, the official organ of the 15th district of the UMWA, very popular among the miners Italian.

The life of Demolli is tinged with a legendary aura, in an environment such as mining always overwhelmed by the struggles between the employers and the workers, the latter shortly after and protected. The pages of The Italian worker are full of news of tragedy, controversy caused by scabs, strikes that blend with the information and instructions for use useful to deal with the daily lives of migrants.

Il Lavoratore was eventually transferred to Pittsburg, Kansas:
EDEARDO CAFFARO....Just previous to his coming to Pittsburg he was instrumental in the transfer of Il Lavoratore Italiano from Trinidad, Colo., to Pittsburg, Kan. Under his management II Lavoratore Italiano has made great progress, and it is to-day one of the largest publications of any weekly Italian newspaper in the United States, which gives itself entirely to the betterment of the laboring class.

II Lavoratore Italiano belongs to no political class, and never from its beginning took part either for or against any one of the political parties; always ready in a fearless and conscientious way to stand for that which is just, and for the advancement and welfare of what its name implies "the Italian laborer " in this great land of America.

Photo: Carlo Demolli

Il funerale del lavoratore - Maria Carta

"Funerale de Un Contadino" by Chico Buarque

In Italian: "Il funerale di un lavoratore"


Originally posted to Hellraisers Journal on Sat Mar 29, 2014 at 11:00 AM PDT.

Also republished by Sexism and Patriarchy, Shamrock American Kossacks, In Support of Labor and Unions, Anti-Capitalist Chat, and History for Kossacks.

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Comment Preferences

  •  Tip Jar (12+ / 0-)

    God spare me the Heart to fight them... I'll fight the Pirates forever. -Mother Jones

    by JayRaye on Sat Mar 29, 2014 at 11:00:26 AM PDT

  •  Williamsport, Pa City Police Refused to Allow (0+ / 0-)

    inner city people who were court-ordered to drug rehabs here to get off of the buses that came to town because of the high number of individuals who relapsed and suppoted their drug habits by robbing convenience stores and drug dealing.

    The ACLU put a stop to that illegal practice so the locals found other underhanded ways to discourage them from coming here, like making it impossible to get employment, making affordable housing scarce through codes violations, etc.  

    The Republicans slandered and defamed the local Democratic Party chairwoman falsely claiming that she brought this drug-fueled crime wave on the community.  She sued and won, but the damage had been done and was irreversible in this area where "people cling to their guns, their religion, and their antipathy toward those who differ".

    Lycoming County is the only county in Pennsylvania to participate in the federal literacy program (25% illiteracy, and additional 50% marginal lieracy so 3 out of 4 people here can't read, write, or think as well as 3rd graders/8 year olds).  The book the feds picked for Lycoming County residents to read was "To Kill a Mockingbird", not a beginner's book for illiterate people but rather a book chosen for the benefit of "judges", prosecutors, and other bigots and assholes in this teabagger heaven.  (As a volunteer literacy tutor, I used Dr. Seuss' "Green Eggs & Ham" because of its phonetic qualities and fun it generated.).

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